Perioperative Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesic Efficacy of Morphine with Combined Nefopam and Parecoxib versus Parecoxib in Gynecologic Surgery: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study
CONCLUSIONS: The combined administration of nefopam and parecoxib during gynecologic surgery slightly reduced the VNRS at 6 and 12 hours postoperatively more than treatment with parecoxib.PMID:33628232 | PMC:PMC7895606 | DOI:10.1155/2021/5461890 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Varinee Lekprasert Lapuskorn Yapanan Wichai Ittichaikulthol Rungrawan Buachai Phimol Soisod Areepan Sophonsritsuk Source Type: research

Combined Ventilation of Two Subjects with a Single Mechanical Ventilator Using a New Medical Device: An In Vitro Study
CONCLUSIONS: DuplicARⓇ is an effective tool to manage the peak inspiratory pressure and the positive-end expiratory pressure independently in two subjects connected to a single ventilator. The driving pressure can be adjusted to meet the requirements of subjects with different weights and lung compliances. Pressure-controlled ventilation has advantages over volume-controlled ventilation and is therefore the recommended ventilation mode.PMID:33628233 | PMC:PMC7896537 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6691591 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ignacio Lugones Mat ías Ramos Mar ía Fernanda Biancolini Roberto Orofino Giambastiani Source Type: research

Perioperative Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesic Efficacy of Morphine with Combined Nefopam and Parecoxib versus Parecoxib in Gynecologic Surgery: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study
CONCLUSIONS: The combined administration of nefopam and parecoxib during gynecologic surgery slightly reduced the VNRS at 6 and 12 hours postoperatively more than treatment with parecoxib.PMID:33628232 | PMC:PMC7895606 | DOI:10.1155/2021/5461890 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Varinee Lekprasert Lapuskorn Yapanan Wichai Ittichaikulthol Rungrawan Buachai Phimol Soisod Areepan Sophonsritsuk Source Type: research

Combined Ventilation of Two Subjects with a Single Mechanical Ventilator Using a New Medical Device: An In Vitro Study
CONCLUSIONS: DuplicARⓇ is an effective tool to manage the peak inspiratory pressure and the positive-end expiratory pressure independently in two subjects connected to a single ventilator. The driving pressure can be adjusted to meet the requirements of subjects with different weights and lung compliances. Pressure-controlled ventilation has advantages over volume-controlled ventilation and is therefore the recommended ventilation mode.PMID:33628233 | PMC:PMC7896537 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6691591 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ignacio Lugones Mat ías Ramos Mar ía Fernanda Biancolini Roberto Orofino Giambastiani Source Type: research

Perioperative Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesic Efficacy of Morphine with Combined Nefopam and Parecoxib versus Parecoxib in Gynecologic Surgery: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study
CONCLUSIONS: The combined administration of nefopam and parecoxib during gynecologic surgery slightly reduced the VNRS at 6 and 12 hours postoperatively more than treatment with parecoxib.PMID:33628232 | PMC:PMC7895606 | DOI:10.1155/2021/5461890 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Varinee Lekprasert Lapuskorn Yapanan Wichai Ittichaikulthol Rungrawan Buachai Phimol Soisod Areepan Sophonsritsuk Source Type: research

Combined Ventilation of Two Subjects with a Single Mechanical Ventilator Using a New Medical Device: An In Vitro Study
CONCLUSIONS: DuplicARⓇ is an effective tool to manage the peak inspiratory pressure and the positive-end expiratory pressure independently in two subjects connected to a single ventilator. The driving pressure can be adjusted to meet the requirements of subjects with different weights and lung compliances. Pressure-controlled ventilation has advantages over volume-controlled ventilation and is therefore the recommended ventilation mode.PMID:33628233 | PMC:PMC7896537 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6691591 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ignacio Lugones Mat ías Ramos Mar ía Fernanda Biancolini Roberto Orofino Giambastiani Source Type: research

Perioperative Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesic Efficacy of Morphine with Combined Nefopam and Parecoxib versus Parecoxib in Gynecologic Surgery: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study
CONCLUSIONS: The combined administration of nefopam and parecoxib during gynecologic surgery slightly reduced the VNRS at 6 and 12 hours postoperatively more than treatment with parecoxib.PMID:33628232 | PMC:PMC7895606 | DOI:10.1155/2021/5461890 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Varinee Lekprasert Lapuskorn Yapanan Wichai Ittichaikulthol Rungrawan Buachai Phimol Soisod Areepan Sophonsritsuk Source Type: research

Combined Ventilation of Two Subjects with a Single Mechanical Ventilator Using a New Medical Device: An In Vitro Study
CONCLUSIONS: DuplicARⓇ is an effective tool to manage the peak inspiratory pressure and the positive-end expiratory pressure independently in two subjects connected to a single ventilator. The driving pressure can be adjusted to meet the requirements of subjects with different weights and lung compliances. Pressure-controlled ventilation has advantages over volume-controlled ventilation and is therefore the recommended ventilation mode.PMID:33628233 | PMC:PMC7896537 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6691591 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ignacio Lugones Mat ías Ramos Mar ía Fernanda Biancolini Roberto Orofino Giambastiani Source Type: research

Perioperative Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesic Efficacy of Morphine with Combined Nefopam and Parecoxib versus Parecoxib in Gynecologic Surgery: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study
CONCLUSIONS: The combined administration of nefopam and parecoxib during gynecologic surgery slightly reduced the VNRS at 6 and 12 hours postoperatively more than treatment with parecoxib.PMID:33628232 | PMC:PMC7895606 | DOI:10.1155/2021/5461890 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Varinee Lekprasert Lapuskorn Yapanan Wichai Ittichaikulthol Rungrawan Buachai Phimol Soisod Areepan Sophonsritsuk Source Type: research

Combined Ventilation of Two Subjects with a Single Mechanical Ventilator Using a New Medical Device: An In Vitro Study
CONCLUSIONS: DuplicARⓇ is an effective tool to manage the peak inspiratory pressure and the positive-end expiratory pressure independently in two subjects connected to a single ventilator. The driving pressure can be adjusted to meet the requirements of subjects with different weights and lung compliances. Pressure-controlled ventilation has advantages over volume-controlled ventilation and is therefore the recommended ventilation mode.PMID:33628233 | PMC:PMC7896537 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6691591 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ignacio Lugones Mat ías Ramos Mar ía Fernanda Biancolini Roberto Orofino Giambastiani Source Type: research

Perioperative Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesic Efficacy of Morphine with Combined Nefopam and Parecoxib versus Parecoxib in Gynecologic Surgery: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study
CONCLUSIONS: The combined administration of nefopam and parecoxib during gynecologic surgery slightly reduced the VNRS at 6 and 12 hours postoperatively more than treatment with parecoxib.PMID:33628232 | PMC:PMC7895606 | DOI:10.1155/2021/5461890 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Varinee Lekprasert Lapuskorn Yapanan Wichai Ittichaikulthol Rungrawan Buachai Phimol Soisod Areepan Sophonsritsuk Source Type: research

Combined Ventilation of Two Subjects with a Single Mechanical Ventilator Using a New Medical Device: An In Vitro Study
CONCLUSIONS: DuplicARⓇ is an effective tool to manage the peak inspiratory pressure and the positive-end expiratory pressure independently in two subjects connected to a single ventilator. The driving pressure can be adjusted to meet the requirements of subjects with different weights and lung compliances. Pressure-controlled ventilation has advantages over volume-controlled ventilation and is therefore the recommended ventilation mode.PMID:33628233 | PMC:PMC7896537 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6691591 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ignacio Lugones Mat ías Ramos Mar ía Fernanda Biancolini Roberto Orofino Giambastiani Source Type: research

Perioperative Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesic Efficacy of Morphine with Combined Nefopam and Parecoxib versus Parecoxib in Gynecologic Surgery: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study
CONCLUSIONS: The combined administration of nefopam and parecoxib during gynecologic surgery slightly reduced the VNRS at 6 and 12 hours postoperatively more than treatment with parecoxib.PMID:33628232 | PMC:PMC7895606 | DOI:10.1155/2021/5461890 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Varinee Lekprasert Lapuskorn Yapanan Wichai Ittichaikulthol Rungrawan Buachai Phimol Soisod Areepan Sophonsritsuk Source Type: research

Combined Ventilation of Two Subjects with a Single Mechanical Ventilator Using a New Medical Device: An In Vitro Study
CONCLUSIONS: DuplicARⓇ is an effective tool to manage the peak inspiratory pressure and the positive-end expiratory pressure independently in two subjects connected to a single ventilator. The driving pressure can be adjusted to meet the requirements of subjects with different weights and lung compliances. Pressure-controlled ventilation has advantages over volume-controlled ventilation and is therefore the recommended ventilation mode.PMID:33628233 | PMC:PMC7896537 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6691591 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ignacio Lugones Mat ías Ramos Mar ía Fernanda Biancolini Roberto Orofino Giambastiani Source Type: research

Perioperative Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesic Efficacy of Morphine with Combined Nefopam and Parecoxib versus Parecoxib in Gynecologic Surgery: A Randomized, Double-Blind Study
CONCLUSIONS: The combined administration of nefopam and parecoxib during gynecologic surgery slightly reduced the VNRS at 6 and 12 hours postoperatively more than treatment with parecoxib.PMID:33628232 | PMC:PMC7895606 | DOI:10.1155/2021/5461890 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Varinee Lekprasert Lapuskorn Yapanan Wichai Ittichaikulthol Rungrawan Buachai Phimol Soisod Areepan Sophonsritsuk Source Type: research

Combined Ventilation of Two Subjects with a Single Mechanical Ventilator Using a New Medical Device: An In Vitro Study
CONCLUSIONS: DuplicARⓇ is an effective tool to manage the peak inspiratory pressure and the positive-end expiratory pressure independently in two subjects connected to a single ventilator. The driving pressure can be adjusted to meet the requirements of subjects with different weights and lung compliances. Pressure-controlled ventilation has advantages over volume-controlled ventilation and is therefore the recommended ventilation mode.PMID:33628233 | PMC:PMC7896537 | DOI:10.1155/2021/6691591 (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - February 25, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ignacio Lugones Mat ías Ramos Mar ía Fernanda Biancolini Roberto Orofino Giambastiani Source Type: research

Smooth Extubation and Smooth Emergence Techniques: A Narrative Review.
Authors: Wong TH, Weber G, Abramowicz AE Abstract There is a paucity of literature on extubation technique and a lack of consensus regarding the definition of smooth extubation. This narrative review paper defines an ideal extubation, otherwise known as a "smooth extubation," reviews perioperative criteria for extubation and risks and adverse events related to extubation, and explores various perioperative techniques that can be used to achieve a smooth extubation while caring for an uncomplicated patient without significant risk factors for extubation failure. In light of the evolving practice during the...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - January 30, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Cesarean Delivery: A Survey of Anesthesiologists.
Conclusion: Adherence to preincision antibiotic prophylaxis for cesarean delivery is very high, a significant improvement within 5 years. A minority of anesthesiologists utilize azithromycin for intrapartum cesarean deliveries. The dose of cefazolin for morbidly obese women varies widely. PMID: 33488702 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - January 26, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

A New Medical Device to Provide Independent Ventilation to Two Subjects Using a Single Ventilator: Evaluation in Lung-Healthy Pigs.
Conclusion: It is possible to ventilate two lung-healthy animals with a single ventilator according to each one's needs through manipulation of both the ventilator and the DuplicARⓇ device. This gives this device the potential to expand local ventilators surge capacity during disasters or pandemics until emergency supplies can be delivered from central stockpiles. PMID: 33456461 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - January 20, 2021 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Diagnostic Criteria of Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction: A Focused Systematic Review.
Authors: van Sinderen K, Schwarte LA, Schober P Abstract Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction (POCD) is characterized by a deterioration in cognitive performance after surgery and is increasingly addressed in research studies. However, a uniform definition of POCD seems to be lacking, which is a major threat to clinical research in this area. We performed a focused systematic review to determine the current degree of heterogeneity in how POCD is defined across studies and to identify those diagnostic criteria that are used most commonly. The search identified 173 records, of which 30 were included. Neurocognitive te...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - December 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Hemodynamic Assessment during Obstetric Hysterectomy for Invasive Placentation with Epidural Anesthesia.
Conclusion: Patients who are in their third trimester and who subsequently underwent obstetric hysterectomy under epidural anesthesia had modest surgical hemodynamic variance and reduced cardiac workload requirements toward the end of the surgery. PMID: 33193758 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - November 17, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Feasibility of Anesthesiologist-Performed Preoperative Echocardiography for the Prediction of Postinduction Hypotension: A Prospective Observational Study.
Conclusions: Preoperative cardiac ultrasound may be a more reliable way for anesthesiologists to assess patients' volume status compared to ultrasound of the IVC, particularly for patients with a higher body mass index. PMID: 33133184 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - November 4, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Assessment of Maternal Satisfaction and Associated Factors among Parturients Who Underwent Cesarean Delivery under Spinal Anesthesia at University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019.
Authors: Bayable SD, Ahmed SA, Lema GF, Yaregal Melesse D Abstract Background: Spinal anesthesia is the most common anesthetic technique for cesarean delivery. Patient satisfaction is a subjective and complicated concept, involving physical, emotional, psychological, social, and cultural factors. Regular evaluation of maternal satisfaction related to anesthesia service is an important parameter to the required changes and expansion of high-quality care services. We aimed to assess maternal satisfaction and associated factors among parturients who underwent cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia. Methods: Ins...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - October 28, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Trial: Comparison of 4% Articaine versus 0.5% Bupivacaine for Ambulatory Orthopedic Surgery under Supraclavicular Block.
Conclusion: Earlier resolution of articaine block makes it more favorable than bupivacaine for ambulatory surgery. This trial is registered with (NCT04189198). PMID: 33029135 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - October 9, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Undesirable Postoperative Anesthesia Outcomes at Two National Referral Hospitals: A Cross-Sectional Study in Eritrea.
Conclusion: Postoperative pain was found to be the most prevalent undesirable outcome. Enhancement of proper assessment and management of postoperative pain through the development and implementation of specific pain management modalities is needed. PMID: 33014042 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - October 6, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Propofol versus Dexamethasone for Prevention of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Ear, Nose, and Throat Surgery in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital and Yekatit 12th Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
This study was conducted in 80 patients, with ASA I and II, aged 18-65 years, and scheduled for ENT surgery between December 20, 2017, and March 20, 2018. Patients were randomly assigned to Group A and Group B. Immediately after the procedure, Group A patients received single dose of intravenous (IV) dexamethasone (10 mg/kg) and Group B patients were given propofol (0.5 mg/kg, IV), and equal follow-up was employed. The incidence of PONV was noted at 6th, 12th, and 24th hour of drug administration. Independent t-test and Mann-Whitney test were used for comparison of symmetric numerical and asymmetric data betw...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - September 25, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

An In Vitro Pilot Study Comparing the Novel HemoClear Gravity-Driven Microfiltration Cell Salvage System with the Conventional Centrifugal XTRA ™ Autotransfusion Device.
Conclusion: The HemoClear device effectively produced washed concentrated red blood cells comparably to the conventional centrifugal XTRA™ autotransfusion device. Although the centrifugal XTRA™ device achieved a significantly higher reduction in contaminants, the HemoClear device achieved acceptable blood quality and seems promising in settings where gold standard cell savers are unaffordable or unpractical. PMID: 32963523 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - September 25, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Leg Elevation to Prevent Spinal Anesthesia-Induced Hypotension during Cesarean Delivery in the Resource-Limited Area: Open Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusion: Performing leg elevation immediately after spinal anesthesia reduced the incidence of hypotension. The trial is registered with PACTR201908713181850. PMID: 32908497 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Relationship between Abdominal Circumference and Incidence of Hypotension during Cesarean Section under Spinal Anesthesia.
Authors: Thomard P, Morakul S, Wirachpisit N, Ittichaikulthol W, Pisitsak C Abstract Background: Enlarged uterus can compress the inferior vena cava and cause hypotension when lying supine. Previous studies have shown a positive association between the abdominal circumference and size of the uterus. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between abdominal circumference and incidence of hypotension during cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. Methods: The study cohort comprised women undergoing cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. Patients were divided into two groups accordin...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - September 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Incidence, Outcomes, and Factors Associated with Intra-Abdominal Hypertension and Primary Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in Abdominopelvic Injury Patients.
Conclusions: The incidence of IAH and 1oACS was 15.8% and 2.6%. Predicted factors to find developing IAH were initial Cr ≥ 1.5 g/dL, lower extremity AIS ≥3, and ISS>15. We should consider awareness of IAH and 1oACS in abdominopelvic injury patients. PMID: 32879627 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - September 5, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Dose Comparison of Dexmedetomidine Sedation following Spinal Anesthesia: Parturient versus Nonpregnant Women-A Randomized Trial.
This study was designed to investigate and compare the effective doses of dexmedetomidine for sedation in parturient patients who underwent Cesarean section (CS) and nonpregnant women who underwent elective gynecologic surgery. Methods: The study comprised 60 females aged between 25 and 35. They were divided into two groups. The parturient group received a bolus dose of dexmedetomidine over 15 min after the delivery of the fetus and placenta. In the nonpregnant women group, a bolus of dexmedetomidine was administered intravenously upon the completion of spinal anesthesia. The subsequent dose required by patients...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - August 19, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of Dexmedetomidine, Lidocaine, and Fentanyl in Attenuation Hemodynamic Response of Laryngoscopy and Intubation in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery.
Conclusion: As a result, dexmedetomidine was not suitable for hemodynamic control and led to hypotension and bradycardia; on the other hand, fentanyl was more effective than two other medications in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. This trial is registered with IRCT2017013132320N1. PMID: 32695159 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - July 24, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Effect of Laryngeal Mask Airway Insertion on Intraocular Pressure Response: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Conclusion: The available information suggests that the LMA provides lesser intraocular pressure response in comparison with the conventional tracheal tube. PMID: 32695160 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - July 24, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of the Effects of Desflurane, Sevoflurane, and Propofol on the Glottic Opening Area during Remifentanil-Based General Anesthesia Using a Supraglottic Airway Device.
Authors: Kondo T, Izumi H, Kitagawa M Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of desflurane, sevoflurane, and propofol on the glottic opening area during general anesthesia using remifentanil. Methods: Ninety patients undergoing hand and upper limb surgery combined with brachial plexus block under general anesthesia were enrolled in the study. The patients were randomized into three groups to receive desflurane (group D), sevoflurane (group S), or propofol (group P) for maintenance of anesthesia. Following induction of general anesthesia with remifentanil, continuous fiberoptic video ...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - July 10, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

High Incidence of Burst Suppression during Propofol Sedation for Outpatient Colonoscopy: Lessons Learned from Neuromonitoring.
Authors: Bloom J, Wyler D, Torjman MC, Trinh T, Li L, Mehta A, Fitchett E, Kastenberg D, Mahla M, Romo V Abstract Background: Although anesthesia providers may plan for moderate sedation, the depth of sedation is rarely quantified. Using processed electroencephalography (EEG) to assess the depth of sedation, this study investigates the incidence of general anesthesia with variable burst suppression in patients receiving propofol for outpatient colonoscopy. The lessons learned from neuromonitoring can then be used to guide institutional best sedation practice. Methods: This was a prospective observational study ...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - July 10, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Effect of Laryngeal Mask Air Way Insertion versus Endotracheal Intubation over Hemodynamic Responses in Pediatrics Patient Who Underwent Ophthalmic Surgery at Menelik II Hospital, Addis Ababa: A Prospective Observational Study Design.
Conclusions: A significant hemodynamic pressor response was observed after the insertion of both LMA and ETT groups. However, the LMA group has less hemodynamic change as compared to the ETT group. Therefore, the practice of LMA insertion was strongly recommended. PMID: 32565787 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - June 23, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

The Quality of Recovery after Dexamethasone, Ondansetron, or Placebo Administration in Patients Undergoing Lower Limbs Orthopedic Surgery under Spinal Anesthesia Using Intrathecal Morphine. A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusion. Neither ondansetron nor dexamethasone improves the quality of recovery after lower limbs orthopedic surgery under spinal anesthesia using intrathecal morphine. PMID: 32518560 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - June 12, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Use of Cognitive Aids: Results from a National Survey among Anaesthesia Providers in France and Canada.
Conclusion: CAs were better known in Canada than in France, but their actual use in real life was low in both countries. Simulation appears to play a potentially important role training anaesthesia providers in the use of CAs. PMID: 32454815 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - May 28, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Effect of Ketamine/Propofol Admixture on Peri-Induction Hemodynamics: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
In conclusion, among patients undergoing airway manipulation and needing sedation, the use of a ketamine/propofol admixture may be associated with better hemodynamics compared to nonketamine/propofol sedation. This trial is registered with CRD42019125725. PMID: 32454816 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - May 28, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Retrospective Evaluation of Anesthetic Management in Cesarean Sections of Pregnant Women with Placental Anomaly.
In this study, patients who underwent cesarean section and had placenta previa and placenta accreta were examined and compared in terms of haemorrhagic indicators and perioperative anesthetic management. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in a university hospital in Kahramanmaras, Turkey. It included 95 pregnant women who had placental anomaly and underwent cesarean section between December 15, 2014, and February 15, 2016. Results: The pregnant women were divided into two groups: Group P (previa) (n = 67) and Group A (accreta) (n = 28). The types of anesthesia administered were...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - May 17, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Incidence and Associated Factors of Laryngospasm among Pediatric Patients Who Underwent Surgery under General Anesthesia, in University of Gondar Compressive Specialized Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019: A Cross-Sectional Study.
This study aimed to assess the incidence and associated factors of laryngospasm among pediatric patients who underwent surgery under general anesthesia (GA). Methods: Institution-based, cross-sectional study was conducted on pediatric patients from February to August, 2019, in University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital (UOGCSH). Data were entered and analyzed with SPSS version 20. Variables with P value less than
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - May 17, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Epidural Needle Extension through the Ligamentum Flavum Using the Standard versus the CompuFlo ®-Assisted Loss of Resistance to Saline Technique: A Simulation Study.
Epidural Needle Extension through the Ligamentum Flavum Using the Standard versus the CompuFlo®-Assisted Loss of Resistance to Saline Technique: A Simulation Study. Anesthesiol Res Pract. 2020;2020:9651627 Authors: Capogna E, Coccoluto A, Velardo M Abstract Background: The CompuFlo® epidural system has been recently introduced and validated as an objective and sensible tool to detect the epidural space. We aimed to verify whether the high sensitivity of the instrument may help the anesthesiologist to identify the epidural space very early, limiting the extension of the Tuohy needle into the epi...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - May 14, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

A Review of Nonanesthetic Uses of Ketamine.
Authors: Pribish A, Wood N, Kalava A Abstract Ketamine, a nonselective NMDA receptor antagonist, is used widely in medicine as an anesthetic agent. However, ketamine's mechanisms of action lead to widespread physiological effects, some of which are now coming to the forefront of research for the treatment of diverse medical disorders. This paper aims at reviewing recent data on key nonanesthetic uses of ketamine in the current literature. MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Google Scholar databases were queried to find articles related to ketamine in the treatment of depression, pain syndromes including acute pain, chronic pain, ...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - April 21, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Appropriate Blood Pressure in Cerebral Aneurysm Clipping for Prevention of Delayed Ischemic Neurologic Deficits.
Conclusion: To prevent DNID, we recommend that optimal blood pressure should not be lower than 95 for SBP, 50 for DBP, and 61.7 mmHg for MAP. Additionally, we suggest that Δ SBP, Δ DBP, and Δ MAP should be less than 36, 27, and 32 mmHg, respectively. PMID: 32308677 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - April 21, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Outcomes of the Extreme Elderly Undergoing Anaesthesia and Surgery amongst Southeast Asians.
Conclusions: We have provided a snapshot of very elderly patients coming for surgery. The results show that this group of elderly patients do well postoperatively with relatively low complication and 30-day mortality rates. The outcomes presented can be used as a guide for risk counseling in the perioperative period. PMID: 32292478 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - April 17, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Patient Complications after Interscalene Block: A Retrospective Comparison of Liposomal Bupivacaine to Nonliposomal Bupivacaine.
Conclusions: The use of LB in an ISB demonstrated no significant difference compared to nonliposomal bupivacaine in numbers of complications, emergency room visits, and readmissions. PMID: 32280340 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - April 14, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

The Effect of Intraoperative Methadone Compared to Morphine on Postsurgical Pain: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Authors: Kendall MC, Alves LJ, Pence K, Mukhdomi T, Croxford D, De Oliveira GS Abstract Methods: We performed a quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar electronic databases. Meta-analysis was performed using the random effects model, weighted mean differences (WMD), standard deviation, 95% confidence intervals, and sample size. Methodological quality was evaluated using Cochrane Collaboration's tool. Results: Seven randomized controlled trials evaluating 337 patients across different surgical procedures were included. The aggregated ...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - April 14, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Maternal Satisfaction and Its Associated Factors towards Spinal Anesthesia for Caesarean Section: A Cross-Sectional Study in Two Eritrean Hospitals.
This study aimed to determine mothers' level of satisfaction and the predicting factors of dissatisfaction towards spinal anesthesia during caesarean section. Methods: Cross-sectional study design was utilized in Orotta Maternity Hospital (OMH) and Sembel Hospital from December 2017 to February 2018, in Asmara, Eritrea. Satisfaction of the mothers was measured using a pretested questionnaire. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression were utilized to identify predictors of dissatisfaction using SPSS (Version 22.0). Results: Involvement of mothers in the choice of anesthesia (3.3%) and explanation about the sta...
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - April 8, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Are Intoxicated Trauma Patients at an Increased Risk for Intraoperative Anesthetic Complications? A Retrospective Study.
Conclusions: Trauma patients who presented with a positive urine toxicology screening are not at an increased risk for intraoperative anesthetic complications compared to those with a negative urine toxicology screening. However, our results indicated that the need for postoperative mechanical ventilation increased in the acutely intoxicated trauma patients when compared to those without preinjury intoxication. PMID: 32190046 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - March 21, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research

Dying in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU): A Retrospective Descriptive Analysis of Deaths in the ICU in a Communal Tertiary Hospital in Germany.
Conclusions: About one-third of patients dying in the hospital died in ICU/IMC. At least one life-sustaining therapy was limited/withdrawn in more than 60% of those patients. Withholding of a therapy was more common than active therapy withdrawal. Ventilation and renal replacement therapy were withdrawn in less than 5% of patients, respectively. PMID: 32190047 [PubMed] (Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice)
Source: Anesthesiology Research and Practice - March 21, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesiol Res Pract Source Type: research