Muxeres en Acci ón: The Power of Community Cultural Wealth in Latinas Organizing for Health Equity.
Muxeres en Acción: The Power of Community Cultural Wealth in Latinas Organizing for Health Equity. Am J Community Psychol. 2020 Jul 03;: Authors: Fernández JS, Guzmán BL, Bernal I, Flores YG Abstract Community psychology, despite its commitment to social justice, is prone to engage in deficit-based perspectives that do not appropriately capture the strengths of Latinx communities. Given these limitations, we use a Community Cultural Wealth (CCW) (Yosso, 2005) framework to describe how muxeres, Latina women who identify as promotoras, madres, and mamás, leveraged their politi...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - July 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Scholarship for Social Change: Reflections of an Accidental Academic.
Abstract In this article, I describe how I stumbled my way into an academic career doing research to promote social change toward greater equity and inclusion. I reflect on how my path has been informed by my own experiences with harassment, marginalization, and privilege. These reflections build upon the belief that we are all informed by our histories, vantage points, and social locations and that those forces shape the questions we ask, the way we ask them, how and where we look for evidence, and what we do with the results once we get them. My diverse, urban high school experience combined with my circuitous e...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bond MA Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

The Urban American Indian Traditional Spirituality Program: Promoting Indigenous Spiritual Practices for Health Equity.
Authors: Gone JP, Tuomi A, Fox N Abstract Beginning in 2009, Detroit's urban American Indian health center entered into a collaborative and participatory partnership with a university research team. The purpose of the partnership was to incorporate Indigenous traditional healing practices into the health and wellness services at this center. Following extensive consultation with stakeholders at the center, we were commissioned by local decision-makers to develop a program tailored for members of the urban American Indian community that would introduce and orient these individuals to meaningful participation in Indi...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Inherently Political? Associations of Parent Ethnic-Racial Socialization and Sociopolitical Discussions with Latinx Youths' Emergent Civic Engagement.
Discussions with Latinx Youths' Emergent Civic Engagement. Am J Community Psychol. 2020 Jun 26;: Authors: Pinetta BJ, Blanco Martinez S, Cross FL, Rivas-Drake D Abstract The current study expands on ethnic-racial socialization (ERS) among Latinx families to include sociopolitical discussions as a way to better understand how these practices relate to adolescents' developmental outcomes, including their ethnic-racial identity (ERI) and their sociopolitical development. More specifically, we examined whether there were direct links between parental ERS practices and sociopolitical discussions at home and...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - June 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Youth Participatory Action Research for Health Equity: Increasing Youth Empowerment and Decreasing Physical Activity Access Inequities in Under-resourced Programs and Schools.
Authors: Abraczinskas M, Zarrett N Abstract To address gaps in the youth participation and adolescent physical activity (PA) promotion literature, we examined the feasibility of youth participatory action research (YPAR) in (a) general aftercare (YPAR only) and (b) with a physical activity intervention, (YPAR + PA) to reach marginalized youth and impact individual empowerment and second-order change for equitable PA access. We intervened during middle school, a developmental stage conducive to changing health habits. We used a concurrent, mixed-method triangulation design. Participants were students (94% ...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - June 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Attachment Tendencies, Big 5 Personality Traits, and Self-Efficacy as Predictors of Mentors' Relationships with Aggressive Children.
Authors: Cavell TA, Mutignani LM, Alfonso L, Marie Smith A Abstract Youth mentoring is theorized as a relationship-based intervention in which a strong mentor-mentee bond functions as a mediator of positive outcomes. Given evidence for the importance of a positive relationship, the current study investigated whether differences in mentors' self-reported attachment tendencies (avoidance and ambivalence), Big Five personality traits, and self-efficacy predicted match quality after one academic semester. We also tested whether mentors' experience of conflict in the relationship moderated the relation between these cha...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Engaging with the Richmond Community to Reduce Pediatric Asthma Disparities: Findings from a Community-engaged Needs Assessment.
This study used a community-engaged approach to understand needs related to childhood asthma. Stakeholders participated in focus groups, survey administration, and a community advisory board. Findings provide intervention recommendations for reducing asthma-related healthcare use. Programs could include community health workers to coordinate a child's asthma care. Public health implications include systemic changes that address families' acute needs and worry. PMID: 32578886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Community Psychology)
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - June 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Safe Spaces Embedded in Dangerous Contexts: How Chicago Youth Navigate Daily Life and Demonstrate Resilience in High-Crime Neighborhoods.
This study addresses this need by analyzing in-depth, geo-narrative interviews conducted with 15 youth (60% Black, 27% Latinx, 53% female, 14 to 17 years old) residing in low-income, high-crime Chicago neighborhoods to explore youths' perceptions of safety and strategies for navigating neighborhood space. After carrying geographical positioning system (GPS) trackers for an eight-day period, youths' travel patterns were mapped, and these maps were used as part of an interview with youth that explored daily routines, with special consideration paid to where and when youth felt safe. Drawing on activity settings theory a...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - June 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: DaViera AL, Roy AL, Uriostegui M, Fiesta D Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Changing the Criminal Justice System Response to Sexual Assault: An Empirical Study of a Participatory Action Research Project.
Abstract In jurisdictions throughout the United States, thousands of sexual assault kits (SAKs; also known as a "rape kits") have not been submitted by the police for forensic DNA testing. DNA evidence may be helpful to sexual assault investigations and prosecutions by identifying perpetrators, revealing serial offenders through DNA matches across cases, and exonerating those who have been wrongly accused. This paper describes a longitudinal action research project conducted in Detroit, Michigan after that city discovered approximately 11,000 untested sexual assault kits in a police department storage fa...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Campbell R, Fehler-Cabral G, Pierce SJ, Sharma DB, Shaw J, Horsford S, Feeney H Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Use of Research Evidence Generated by Youth: Conceptualization and Applications in Diverse U.S. K-12 Educational Settings.
Authors: Ozer EJ, Abraczinskas M, Voight A, Kirshner B, Cohen AK, Zion S, Glende JR, Stickney D, Gauna R, Lopez SE, Freiburger K Abstract Youth-Led Participatory Action Research (YPAR) is a social justice-focused approach for promoting social change and positive youth development in which youth conduct systematic research and actions to improve their schools and communities. Although YPAR is oriented to generating research for action, with evidence-based recommendations often aimed at influencing adults with power over settings and systems that shape youths' lives, we have little understanding of how YPAR evidence ...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Community Organizing and Counter Narratives in the Response to Domestic Violence in India.
This study sought to examine the work of a grassroots agency in India engaged in community action aimed at social change in the response to domestic violence, with a special focus on understanding shifting community narratives related to the response to domestic violence. Based on data from semi-structured interviews, archival data, and participant-observations, and using a modified-grounded theory approach, our results identified five major themes reflecting counter narratives on domestic violence. These included (a) awareness and discourse on gender related issues, (b) framing domestic violence as a social issue, (c) sup...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - May 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Menon SV, Allen NE Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Community Organizing and Transformative Change in the Response to Domestic Violence in India.
Abstract Pervasive cultural narratives that normalize domestic violence have made efforts to respond to domestic violence in India challenging. An effective response to domestic violence in India needs to be transformative in nature, supporting the empowerment of survivors of violence and empowering communities to support survivors. Various studies have highlighted the importance of settings like grassroots organizations for promoting empowerment of members through community organizing. This qualitative study builds on this growing body of research using a grassroots agency in India as an exemplar to understand (a...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - May 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Menon SV, Allen NE Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

A Winding Road to Peace Building: Longitudinal Outcomes of a Peace Intervention for Survivors and G énocidaires of the 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi in Rwanda.
A Winding Road to Peace Building: Longitudinal Outcomes of a Peace Intervention for Survivors and Génocidaires of the 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi in Rwanda. Am J Community Psychol. 2020 Apr 27;: Authors: Kang E, Delzell DAP, Snyder J, Mwemere GK, Mbonyingabo C Abstract This longitudinal study examined outcomes of a local peace-building intervention that applied principles of intergroup contact to promote reconciliation between génocidaires and survivors whom they have directly harmed during the 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi in Rwanda. Individual interviews were conducted with 4...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - April 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Measurement of Social Processes at the Neighborhood Level in Baltimore City.
Authors: Williams SC, Milam AJ, Furr-Holden CDM, Salgado CC Abstract Small-area ecological research is critical to inform place-based interventions at the neighborhood level; however, objective measurement of the social context has been limited. The current study extends the application of the Neighborhood Inventory for Environmental Typology (NIfETy) through the development and evaluation of measures of social context for a longer period of observation (3 years) and at a larger area of aggregation (census tract clusters) compared to previous studies using measures at the block-face level from a single observa...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - April 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Empowering Features and Outcomes of Homeless Interventions: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis.
Authors: O'Shaughnessy BR, Michelle Greenwood R Abstract The purpose of this systematic review and narrative synthesis was to identify homeless interventions with empowering features and evaluate their effectiveness for developing the psychological empowerment of services users. To identify and evaluate intervention studies, we combined the theoretical frameworks of empowering settings and psychological empowerment (PE). Our conceptualization of PE included outcomes aligned with the intrapersonal, interactional, and behavioral components. Relational outcomes were also included and conceptualized as antecedents for ...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - March 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Attempting Randomized Housing First Research in a Community Context: Reflections on Failure.
Abstract The Housing First (HF) model of permanent supportive housing for individuals experiencing chronic homelessness has a strong evidence base that has largely been driven by researchers in the field of community psychology in partnership with community-based organizations. However, important gaps in the HF literature remain. Implementing rigorous research designs to further the evidence for HF requires immense resources to fund both the housing intervention and the research activities. In the absence of such resources, university-community partnerships may be established to integrate research within business-...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - March 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Brown M, Tran AD, Cummings C, Fay L, Malone D, Fyall R, Tsemberis S Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Using Concept Mapping to Operationalize Mental Well-Being for Men and Boys.
Abstract A primary purpose of many prevention-oriented interventions is to improve the general well-being and quality of life for individuals and their communities. Unfortunately, well-being is often poorly defined, with definitions embracing related issues of quality of life, happiness, and physical health. Mental well-being as a concept is also poorly defined, particularly for different population groups. As part of a larger study to assess community-level prevention efforts aimed at men and boys, a participatory approach was used to operationalize mental well-being from a male-centered, community-based perspect...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - February 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McNeish R, Walker C, Massey O, Tran Q Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Christian and Political Conservatism Predict Opposition to Sexual and Gender Minority Rights through Support for Christian Hegemony.
In this study, we investigate this opposition by examining support for Christian hegemony (i.e., the idea that Christianity should be the norm and Christians should be in power in the United States) and unawareness of Christian privilege (i.e., unearned advantages for Christians) as religiopolitical variables that help to explain the association between Christian and political conservatism and opposition to a host of SGM rights (same-sex marriage, same-sex adoption, nondiscrimination policies in jobs and housing for SGMs, and bills regarding transgender public bathroom use). Based on structural equation modeling analysis w...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - February 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Randomized Controlled Trial of a Multilevel Intervention to Address Social Determinants of Refugee Mental Health.
Authors: Goodkind JR, Bybee D, Hess JM, Amer S, Ndayisenga M, Greene RN, Choe R, Isakson B, Baca B, Pannah M Abstract Understanding processes that support the well-being of the unprecedented numbers of forcibly displaced people throughout the world is essential. Growing evidence documents post-migration stressors related to marginalization as key social determinants of refugee mental health. The goal of this RCT was to rigorously test a social justice approach to reducing high rates of distress among refugees in the United States. The 6-month multilevel, strengths-based Refugee Well-being Project (RWP) intervention...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - February 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Neighborhood Violent Crime and Academic Performance: A Geospatial Analysis.
In this study, we apply geospatial analysis to examine the relation between neighborhood violent crime (via police reports) and academic performance (via school-level standardized test proficiency rates). Findings suggest that greater numbers of crimes proximal to school buildings relate to lower levels of academic performance. These results persisted even when controlling economic disadvantage in the student body. Implications for research and policy are discussed. PMID: 32017143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Community Psychology)
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - February 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

A Reflective Thrive-Oriented Community Resilience Scale.
Authors: Lindberg K, Swearingen T Abstract There is substantial societal, policy, and research interest in community resilience as a way to better understand and enhance community thriving in the face of natural hazards, economic disruption, and other challenges. However, partly or fully formative community resilience measures potentially conflate resilience predictors and indicators, thereby constraining the assessment of factors promoting resilience. Based on a general population survey (N = 1,072) in rural, coastal Oregon, USA, we evaluated a 6-item reflective thrive-oriented scale of perceived communi...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - January 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Resilience, Coloniality, and Sovereign Acts: The Role of Community Activism.
Authors: Serrano-García I Abstract Puerto Rico has been a U.S. colony since 1898. For the past decades, it has been mired in public debt, social problems, and ineffective and corrupt governance. In 2017, the island was hit by hurricanes which devastated our country. After the event, the term "resilience" became ubiquitous. Labeling Puerto Ricans' capacity to tolerate misfortune and suffering "resilient" gave people a false sense of hope and offered government a pretext to postpone or inequitably dispense aid. So-called "resilience" also allowed Puerto Ricans to avoid the impact ...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - January 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Meaningful Engagement in Research: Community Residents as Co-creators of Knowledge.
Abstract Community psychologists have contributed significantly to the body of literature on community-based participatory research (CBPR) and its application in understanding and addressing health and community participation disparities. At the core of CBPR are mutually beneficial partnerships with communities, whereby community members' voices are heard and they become co-researchers, helping guide the research process. In this article, I argue that for community psychologists to change the landscape of community participation, health, and well-being disparities experienced by many vulnerable populations who oft...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - January 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Suarez-Balcazar Y Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Building Communities in Tense Times: Fostering Connectedness Between Cultures and Generations through Community Arts.
Authors: Beauregard C, Tremblay J, Pomerleau J, Simard M, Bourgeois-Guérin E, Lyke C, Rousseau C Abstract The worldwide upsurge in social polarizations generates intercommunity tensions that challenge the social fabric of urban neighborhoods and undermine the relationships between their members. Because community arts can foster the creation of connections between people that would not have been in contact otherwise, they are often perceived as being powerful tools to foster community resilience. Through a multiple case study approach, this article describes how three community arts projects, carried out in ...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - December 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Triangulating School Climate: Areas of Convergence and Divergence Across Multiple Levels and Perspectives.
Authors: Bottiani JH, Johnson SL, McDaniel HL, Bradshaw CP Abstract Students often have differing perceptions of their school's climate. Although these subjective perceptions can be meaningful outcome predictors, discrepancies create challenges for those seeking to globally characterize or intervene to improve the climate of a school. Trained, independent  observers can provide insights on perceptible and ostensibly malleable aspects of the school; however, the extent to which these observations help us to understand differences in students' report of school climate has not been examined. To study this, we ass...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - December 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

A Two-way Street: Mentor Stress and Depression Influence Relational Satisfaction and Attachment in Youth Mentoring Relationships.
Abstract Over the past two decades, youth mentoring programs have increased in popularity as an intervention for children exposed to a range of stressful life circumstances. Such programs have been shown to promote positive youth development and reduce risk for emotional and behavioral problems; yet, the effect size of youth gains remains small. The current study examined the influence of college student mentors' history of early life stress and baseline depressive symptoms on their effectiveness in youth mentoring relationships using 340 randomized mentor-youth pairs from College Mentors for Kids, a well-establis...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - December 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Preston EG, Raposa EB Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Marginalized Identities, Trump-Related Distress, and the Mental Health of Underrepresented College Students.
Authors: Albright JN, Hurd NM Abstract The current study sought to determine whether holding targeted marginalized identities was associated with greater experiences of distress related to Trump's presidency and whether participants' level of Trump-related distress predicted decrements in mental health. Participants in the current longitudinal study included 338 underrepresented college students attending a predominantly White institution. Results indicated that individuals who held targeted marginalized identities reported greater Trump-related distress compared to their non-targeted counterparts, and that holding...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - December 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

"They Dumped Me Like Trash": The Social and Psychological Toll of Victimization on Latino Day Laborers' Lives.
"They Dumped Me Like Trash": The Social and Psychological Toll of Victimization on Latino Day Laborers' Lives. Am J Community Psychol. 2019 Dec 10;: Authors: Negi NJ, Siegel J, Calderon M, Thomas E, Valdez A Abstract Although recent rhetoric links undocumented immigrants to criminality, reports indicate undocumented immigrants commit less crime than their native-born counterparts and that this vulnerable group may be at increased risk for criminal victimization. Immigrants living in new immigrant settlement cities may be particularly at risk for exposure to criminal victimization due to the v...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - December 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Racial Colorblindness and Confidence in and Likelihood of Action to Address Prejudice.
In this study, we examined the association between racial colorblindness and inaction to address prejudice. Conceptualized as a type of legitimizing ideology that maintains societal inequality, we hypothesized that colorblindness would be associated with less confidence in and lower likelihood of engaging in action to address prejudice. Our study examined the role of affective variables in explaining the link between colorblindness and inaction, as well as explored potential racial group differences. We used multigroup structural equation modeling analysis to test for measurement and structural invariance of our hypothesiz...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - December 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Inward- and Outward-Directed Violence in the Lives of Urban Minority Adults Followed from Middle School into Their Thirties.
This study explores connections between inward-directed violence and outward-directed violence using data from the Reach for Health sample, which was originally recruited in the 1990s from three middle schools in economically distressed, predominantly African American neighborhoods of New York City. Now in their thirties, participants (N = 595) completed surveys assessing current suicidal thoughts and behaviors as well as other violence involvements, including intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration. About 10% of males and females reported any suicidal ideation or attempt in the past 12 mont...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - December 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Chicago Youths' Exposure to Community Violence: Contextualizing Spatial Dynamics of Violence and the Relationship With Psychological Functioning.
This study explores where and when community violence exposure (CVE) matters for psychological functioning in a sample of low-income, racial/ethnic minority youth (M) age = 16.17, 55% female, 69% Black, and 31% Non-Black/Latinx) living in Chicago. CVE was measured with violent crime data that were geocoded in terms of distance from youths' home and school addresses, and then calculated in terms of three distinct spatial dynamics: chronicity, pervasiveness, and spatial proximity. These measures reflect indirect/objective CVE across different conceptualizations of time, space, and neighborhood context. We tested th...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - December 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Homeless Adults' Recovery Experiences in Housing First and Traditional Services Programs in Seven European Countries.
Authors: Greenwood RM, Manning RM, O'Shaughnessy BR, Vargas-Moniz MJ, Loubière S, Spinnewijn F, Lenzi M, Wolf JR, Bokszczanin A, Bernad R, Källmén H, Ornelas J, HOME-EU Consortium Study Group Abstract Across Europe, as governments turn to housing-led strategies in attempts to reverse rising rates of homelessness, increasing numbers of Housing First (HF) programs are being implemented. As HF programs become more widespread, it is important to understand how service users experience them compared to the more prevalent traditional treatment-first approach to addressing long-term homelessness. Althou...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - December 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

What Differences Do They See? Using Mixed Methods to Capture Adolescent Perceptions of Neighborhood Contexts.
Authors: Pratt M, King M, Burash J, Tompsett CJ Abstract Recent neighborhood research emphasizes the importance of individuals' perceptions of their neighborhoods, as well as expands the definition of "neighborhood" to include the different contexts encountered during routine daily activities (Coulton et al., 2013; Kwan, 2012). The present study uses qualitative interviews, sketch mapping, and survey data to explore adolescents' experiences of different neighborhoods within their activity space. Participants included 55 racially diverse youth aged 11-19 (M = 14.64, SD = 2.33) who resid...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

When Treatment is Traumatic: An Empirical Review of Interventions for Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress.
Authors: Christian-Brandt AS, Santacrose DE, Farnsworth HR, MacDougall KA Abstract Pediatric medical traumatic stress (PMTS) is common among injured/ill children and is associated with elevated distress, treatment non-adherence, and poor health outcomes. As survivorship of life-threatening pediatric injury and illness continues to increase alongside rapid medical advancements, rates of PMTS and negative sequelae are expected to grow; however, research on prevention and treatment of PMTS is limited. The current study sought to systematically review the literature using a developmental framework to highlight research...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - October 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Reducing the Biological and Psychological Toxicity of Poverty-related Stress: Initial Efficacy of the BaSICS Intervention for Early Adolescents.
Abstract This proof-of-concept study tests the initial efficacy of the Building a Strong Identity and Coping Skills (BaSICS) intervention, a selective prevention of internalizing problems program for early adolescents exposed to high levels of poverty-related stress. Eighty-four early adolescents (Mage  = 11.36 years) residing in very low-income neighborhoods were randomized to receive the 16-session intervention (n = 44) or to an assessment-only control condition (n = 40). BaSICS teaches coping skills, social identity development, and collective social action to empower youth wi...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - October 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wadsworth ME, McDonald A, Joos CM, Ahlkvist JA, Perzow SED, Tilghman-Osborne EM, Creavey K, Brelsford GM Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Evidence-Based Human Trafficking Policy: Opportunities to Invest in Trauma-Informed Strategies.
Authors: Scott JT, Ingram AM, Nemer SL, Crowley DM Abstract Human trafficking is a critical social issue characterized by chronic trauma among victims, and frequently preceded by traumatic experiences that contribute to risk of victimization. Therefore, the research-based practice of trauma-informed care is a highly appropriate lens for both prevention and intervention. This work examines federal legislation in the United States related to human trafficking for references to trauma, as well as how the use of research could implicitly direct public policy responses toward trauma-informed approaches. Legislation on h...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - October 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Applied and Translational Research on Trauma-Responsive Programs and Policy: Introduction to a Special Issue of the American Journal of Community Psychology.
Authors: Herrenkohl TI, Mersky JP, Topitzes J Abstract The special issue highlights work across systems that include child welfare, education, juvenile justice and health, as well as agencies serving adults who are at-risk for high levels of childhood and adult trauma exposure. While articles appearing in the special issue are not divided equally across these systems, they cover important and overlapping concepts within each. Some articles span more than a single system or domain of research, whereas others fit primarily within single area or domain. Articles provide new insights from research on practices, program...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - October 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Continuum between Relational and Therapeutic Models of Self-help in Mental Health: A Qualitative Approach.
Authors: Petrini F, Graziani E, Caputo MA, Meringolo P Abstract Self-help groups are generally described as "group[s] composed of individuals who meet on a regular basis to help one another cope with a life problem" (APA, 2019). Yet, it is challenging to find a univocal definition of self-help groups. Scholars usually use different labels to highlight various features of self-help groups, suggesting the need for further inquiry regarding commonalities and differences. The level of professional involvement is one of the most disputed factors influencing whether a group is considered to belong to the "...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - October 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Racialized Sexual Discrimination (RSD) in the Age of Online Sexual Networking: Are Young Black Gay/Bisexual Men (YBGBM) at Elevated Risk for Adverse Psychological Health?
Authors: Wade RM, Harper GW Abstract Young Black gay/bisexual men (YBGBM) are a highly marginalized population across multiple health outcomes. Most research on YBGBM health has focused on HIV/sexual health, but there is a demonstrable need for research examining racism and psychosocial functioning among this population. Racialized Sexual Discrimination (RSD), also known as sexual racism, is an important but under-investigated phenomenon that may have implications for the psychological health and well-being of YBGBM. This paper provides an overview of empirical research on RSD as experienced by gay/bisexual men of ...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - October 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

There is a Road, No Simple Highway: Musings on Rural Community Practice.
Abstract The article was delivered as an invited address to the 2019 SCRA Biennial. The author, the 2019 recipient of the Award for Distinguished Contributions to Practice in Community Psychology, discusses the application of community psychology practice competencies to rural mental health practice and reviews the challenges faced by rural and remote residents, and the rural idyllic myth. The author shares musings and observations of key lessons learned from mentors and practice across over three decades. PMID: 31573079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Community Psychology)
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - October 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohatt DF Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

The Impact of Comprehensive Community Initiatives on Population-Level Child, Youth, and Family Outcomes: A Systematic Review.
This article presents a systematic review of the evidence on the population-level impact of CCIs, focusing specifically on documented effects from studies using an experimental or quasi-experimental design. Of 1,947 articles identified through a database and hand search, 25 articles examining six different CCIs-most of which employed prevention science frameworks-met the review inclusion criteria. The results of this review show that CCIs can strengthen protective factors and reduce risk factors, delay initiation of and reduce substance use, and reduce the likelihood of, and delay engagement in, violent and/or delinquent b...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - September 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

An Examination of the Role of Mentees' Social Skills and Relationship Quality in a School-Based Mentoring Program.
In this study, we examined whether mentee's pre-intervention social skills were related to mentor-mentee relationship quality as perceived by the mentee, and in turn, if relationship quality was associated with post-intervention social skills. We additionally examined possible gender and age differences in these associations. Data were used from a two-wave study that assessed relationship quality and social skills before and after one semester of mentoring of 390 secondary school students in a school-based mentoring program. Results indicated that relationship quality was positively associated with post-intervention s...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - September 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Schenk L, Sentse M, Lenkens M, Nagelhout GE, Engbersen G, Severiens S Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of the Vicarious Trauma Organizational Readiness Guide (VT-ORG).
This study reports on the psychometric properties of the VT-ORG. Employees of first responder agencies (e.g., law enforcement, fire, emergency services) and victim assistance agencies are at a high risk for vicarious traumatization, which can lead to PTSD, substance use, and suicidal ideation, among other negative impacts. Organizations that do not address VT may see such effects as employee turnover, reduced efficiency, and negative work environments. The VT-ORG is an assessment tool designed to help organizations complete the first step of organizational change-conducting a needs assessment. Study participants were 3,018...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - September 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hallinan S, Shiyko MP, Volpe R, Molnar BE Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Trauma Interventions in Native Communities.
Authors: Gameon JA, Skewes MC Abstract American Indian/Alaska Native and First Nations communities suffer from health disparities associated with multiple forms of trauma exposure. Culturally appropriate interventions are needed to heal current and historical trauma wounds. Although there are evidence-based trauma interventions for other populations, few have been implemented or evaluated with Native communities. Understanding the extant research on trauma interventions in Native communities is crucial for advancing science and filling gaps in the evidence base, and for meeting the needs of underserved people. In t...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Kids and Teens in Court (KTIC): A Model for Preparing Child Witnesses for Court.
This article describes the development and recent formative evaluation of a court preparation program that provides psychoeducation and utilizes components of evidence-based trauma treatment approaches, such as relaxation and in vivo exposure, to support child witnesses and reduce the risk of retraumatization. Children and adolescents participating in the program attend group sessions conducted by mental health clinicians and complete a court-related anxiety measure before and after each session. Results from 175 participants are reported. Findings indicated significant decreases in court-related anxiety with large program...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - September 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Peterson L, Rolls Reutz JA, Hazen AL, Habib A, Williams R Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Enhancing Capacity for Trauma-informed Care in Child Welfare: Impact of a Statewide Systems Change Initiative.
Authors: Connell CM, Lang JM, Zorba B, Stevens K Abstract Youth involved in the child welfare system (CWS) are disproportionally impacted by the negative effects of exposure to trauma. While efforts to develop trauma-informed CWSs are accelerating, little research is available about the effects of these efforts on system capacity to respond to the needs of youth exposed to trauma. No studies evaluate longer-term effects of these efforts. In 2011, Connecticut implemented CONCEPT, a multi-year initiative to enhance capacity of the state's CWS to provide trauma-informed care. CONCEPT used a multi-component a...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Community Psychology and Indigenous Peoples.
Authors: Thompson-Guerin P, Mohatt NV PMID: 31489636 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Community Psychology)
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - September 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

A Qualitative Systematic Review of Youth Participatory Action Research Implementation in U.S. High Schools.
Authors: Anderson AJ Abstract This qualitative systematic review examined the context-specific factors that influence the implementation of youth participatory action research (YPAR) projects in high schools within the United States. Thematic synthesis was conducted to identify and analyze the YPAR implementation factors that were present in 38 peer-reviewed studies. Results indicate the following two analytic themes concerning YPAR implementation in high schools: (a) pedagogical strategies and (b) stakeholder dynamics and needs. The themes provide support for existing ecological frameworks of implementation factor...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - September 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Co-Occurring Youth Profiles of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Protective Factors: Associations with Health, Resilience, and Racial Disparities.
Authors: Liu SR, Kia-Keating M, Nylund-Gibson K, Barnett ML Abstract It is important to understand racial/ethnic differences in adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), given their relationship to long-term physical and mental health, and the public health cost of the significant disparities that exist. Moreover, in order to inform interventions and promote resilience, it is critical to examine protective factors that mitigate the relationship between adversity and poor health. The current study utilized latent transition analyses (LTA) to examine co-occurring profiles of ACEs and protective factors (from school, fami...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - September 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

A Community's Response to Adverse Childhood Experiences: Building a Resilient, Trauma-Informed Community.
Abstract Adverse childhood experiences, or ACEs, may be mitigated by trauma-informed social environments-programs, services, systems, communities-that offer responses to trauma that promote healing, recovery, and resilience. However, there is currently little empirical evidence to support the use of specific approaches to do so. Guided by a population health perspective, this paper describes a participatory community change process in response to ACEs that seeks to build a resilient, trauma-informed community in Pottstown, PA. We examine the initial implementation phase of this change process, centered originally ...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Matlin SL, Champine RB, Strambler MJ, O'Brien C, Hoffman E, Whitson M, Kolka L, Tebes JK Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research