Effect of COVID-19 pandemic on the fracture demographics: Data from a tertiary care hospital in Turkey.
Ö Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the types and the frequency of fractures, both in the pediatric and adult population during the COVID-19 pandemic and to find out the differences in comparison to the non-pandemic period. METHODS: Patients who were admitted to the hospital with a new fracture during pandemic period (March 16 to May 22, 2020) were evaluated. Control group consisted of patients with new fractures admitted to the hospital in the same date range in 2018 and 2019. The patients were divided into two groups as ≤16 years old (group 1) and>16 years old (group ...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Turgut A, Arlı H, Altundağ Ü, Hancıoğlu S, Egeli E, Kalenderer Ö Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Relationship between the tilt angle of bipolar radial head prostheses and radiological radiocapitellar instability.
This study aimed to radiologically assess the relationship between the tilt angle of the bipolar radial head prostheses and radiocapitellar instability. METHODS: In this radiological study, 28 consecutive patients (13 females and 15 males: mean age=47 years and age range=23-77 years) who underwent cemented bipolar radial head arthroplasty (Judet CRF II) because of comminuted radial head fracture with elbow instability were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: There was excellent intra- and interobserver reliability for the measurements of the tilt angle and the radiocapitellar distance. ICC for interobserver reliab...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Moon JG, Kim JH, Jung YJ, Lim MJ, Lee HD Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Self-reported Foot and Ankle Score in patients with foot or ankle pain.
ml;ndüz A, Bek N Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate the Self-Reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS) into Turkish and to determine the validity and reliability of the translated version in patients with foot or ankle pain. METHODS: A total of 98 patients (65 females, 33 males, mean age=39 years, age range 18-65 years) who presented with foot or ankle pain for at least one week were included in the study. SEFAS was translated into Turkish (SEFAS-T) and then back-translated into English by two bilingual translators to ensure the accuracy of translation. To determine the validity of th...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yazıcı G, Yazıcı MV, Bayraktar D, Varol F, Güçlü Gündüz A, Bek N Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation, and validation of the Turkish version of the Nonarthritic Hip Score.
CONCLUSION: The Turkish version of the NAHS is a valid and reliable questionnaire for young and physically active patients with hip pain. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, Diagnostic study. PMID: 32812875 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Hazar Kanık Z, Sözlü U, Ölmez SB, Başar S, Kanatlı U Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Comparison of contact surface areas of metatarsal diaphyseal osteotomies for correction of hallux valgus: Experimental study.
This study aimed to determine, pre-correction, the potential change in the osteotomy-site bony contact surface area that would occur during standard metatarsal diaphyseal procedures with the Baran-Unal modification of Mau osteotomy and then to compare it, post-correction, with the actual osteotomy-site bony contact surface area changes for a standard degree of deformity correction. METHODS: A total of 30 standard, same sized, biomechanically equivalent, left first metatarsal sawbones were included in this experimental study. They were divided equally into five groups for each of the planned osteotomy techniques: Myers...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ünal AM, Budeyri A, Baykal B Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Comparison on effects of platelet-rich plasma versus autologous conditioned serum on Achilles tendon healing in a rat model.
CONCLUSION: In terms of histopathological results, PRP seems to be more effective than ACS for Achilles tendon healing in rats. PMID: 32812877 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Genç E, Yüksel S, Çağlar A, Beytemur O, Güleç MA Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Effects of a novel biodegredable implant system on a rat tibia fracture model.
CONCLUSION: Biodegradable implant releasing PDGF may have positive effects on fracture healing. PMID: 32812878 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yalçınozan M, Türker M, Çırpar M Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Concomitant fat embolism syndrome and pulmonary embolism in a patient with patent foramen ovale.
We present a rare case of a patient with concurrent fat embolism and pulmonary embolism, in a closed femur fracture with patent foramen ovale (PFO). A 24-year-old man was involved in a motor vehicle accident with a closed left midshaft femur fracture. He developed fat embolism syndrome (FES) on day 3 of admission, and plating was performed. The D-dimer concentration was also high, which raised the suspicion of pulmonary artery embolism. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) revealed right inferior lobar pulmonary artery embolism and FES. A transthoracic echocardiogram (TEE) was performed, which showed a PFO. The...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Dk Yeak R, Liew SK Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Comment on "Psychometrical properties of the Turkish translation of the New Knee Society Scoring System".
Comment on "Psychometrical properties of the Turkish translation of the New Knee Society Scoring System". Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2020 Jul;54(4):469-471 Authors: Kayaalp ME PMID: 32812880 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kayaalp ME Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Comment on "IL1-RN variable number of tandem repeats polymorphism with osteoarthritis risk".
Comment on "IL1-RN variable number of tandem repeats polymorphism with osteoarthritis risk". Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2020 Jul;54(4):472 Authors: Joob B, Wiwanitkit V PMID: 32812881 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Joob B, Wiwanitkit V Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in subscapularis tendon abnormalities and the importance of operator experience.
CONCLUSION: The thickness of the surrounding tissue does not affect the US results. The differentiation between tendinosis and PT tear is difficult (more prominent in less experienced user); however, because this would not change the treatment choice, shoulder US is recommended after basic training in subscapularis pathologies. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, Diagnostic. PMID: 32609088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Toprak U, Türkoğlu S, Aydoğan Ç, Kovalak E, Saylısoy S, Sıddıkoğlu D, Mahmud A Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Cadmium in bone cement induces necrosis and decreases the viability of residual osteosarcoma cells: A xenograft study.
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that local application of cadmium in bone cement has a significant potential to increase tumor necrosis and decrease the viability of residual OS cells. PMID: 32609089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - July 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Demirhan Demirkıran N, Aktaş S, Erçetin Özdemir AP, Bekçioğlu Ö, Aydın M, Havitçioğlu H Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Outcome after the surgical treatment of the Dubberley type B distal humeral capitellar and trochlear fractures with a buttress plate.
CONCLUSION: The management of distal humeral fractures is challenging, and favorable outcomes are closely associated with early joint motion. A solid fixation grants early mobilization. An internal fixation using lateral buttress plate, headless cannulated screws, and interfragmentary K-wires provides a solid and secure construction that allows early postoperative joint motion. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Therapeutic study. PMID: 32554364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - June 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Demir MT, Ertan Birsel S, Salih M, Pirinçci Y, Birsel O, Kesmezacar H Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Comparison of efficacy between combined periarticular and incisional injections versus periarticular injection alone of bupivacaine for pain control after total knee arthroplasty: A prospective randomized controlled trial.
C, Altay MA Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of combined periarticular and incisional injections versus periarticular injection alone of bupivacaine in reducing post-operative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind comparative study, 90 patients with primary osteoarthritis who underwent TKA were enrolled. The patients were then randomly divided into 3 groups (30 in each): group 1, without injection; group 2, with periarticular injection of 20 mL 0.5% bupivacaine hydrogen chloride (HCl) (100 mg) after implantation; a...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - June 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Altay N, Sarıkaya B, Karahan MA, Büyükfırat E, Binici O, Ertürk C, Altay MA Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

A rare case of delayed hypersensitivity reaction to metal ions secondary to a remnant pedicle screw fragment after spinal arthrodesis.
Abstract Delayed hypersensitivity reaction to metal ions is rare and has been mostly documented among patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty with metal-on-metal bearing surfaces. Nonetheless, to our knowledge, only a few cases associated with spinal arthrodesis have been reported in the literature. The aim of this case report was to describe the clinical features of a rare case of delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction to nickel that occurred after an extraordinarily long period of time (approximately 15 years) after spinal arthrodesis. Here, we present a 38-year-old patient who was referred to us with a dia...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - June 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kim J Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

A retrospective comparison of the conventional versus three-dimensional printed model-assisted surgery in the treatment of acetabular fractures.
vsa F, Özer MA Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of the conventional versus individualized three-dimensional (3D) printing model-assisted pre-contoured plate fixation in the treatment of patients with acetabular fractures. METHODS: The data from 18 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for the acetabular fractures were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups (9 in each): conventional and 3D printed model-assisted. The groups were then compared in terms of the duration of surgery, time of instrumentation, time o...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - June 3, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Öztürk AM, Süer O, Şirintürk S, Aktuğlu K, Govsa F, Özer MA Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Effects of kinesio taping on pain, paresthesia, functional status, and overall health status in patients with symptomatic thoracic outlet syndrome: A single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study.
This study aimed to assess the effects of kinesio taping (KT) on pain, paresthesia, functional status, and overall health status in patients with symptomatic thoracic outlet syndrome (sTOS). METHODS: A single-blind placebo-controlled design was employed in this study. The study duration was defined as 12 months. Analyses were performed on 60 patients with sTOS randomly assigned to KT (4 men and 26 women; mean age=33.5 years, range=20-46 years) and control groups (5 men and 25 women; mean age=26 years, range=20-43 years). KT was applied to the KT group three times. The control group received placebo taping. Pain and pa...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - May 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ortaç EA, Sarpel T, Coşkun Benlidayı İ Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Elastic stable intramedullary nailing for treatment of pediatric forearm fractures: A 15-year single centre retrospective study of 173 cases.
CONCLUSION: ESIN for treatment of forearm fractures in children shows good functional and cosmetic results. This is a minimally invasive, cast-free, simple, and reproducible technique, with a low complication rate. Owing to these excellent objective and subjective results, surgical stabilization of the forearm fracture using ESIN is recommended in children and adolescents. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Therapeutic study. PMID: 32442119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - May 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Pogorelić Z, Gulin M, Jukić M, Biliškov AN, Furlan D Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Academic productivity and obstacles encountered during residency training: A survey among residents in orthopedics and traumatology programs in Turkey.
This study aimed to investigate the academic productivity of and the obstacles encountered by orthopedic residents in Turkey. METHODS: Overall, 220 orthopedic specialists who were registered in the Ministry of Health and had started orthopedic residency between 2009 and 2010 were invited to participate in a survey through e-mail. The survey comprised a total of 19 questions to evaluate the academic works conducted and obstacles encountered during residency. Academic work was defined as an article published in the peer-reviewed journals as well as an oral or poster presentation at a national or international congress. ...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - May 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Demirtaş A, Karadeniz H, Akman YE, Duymuş TM, Çarkcı E, Azboy İ Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Effect of elastic scapular taping on shoulder and spine kinematics in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of scapular repositioning using an elastic taping technique on the three-dimensional (3-D) shoulder and thoracic kinematics during various activities of daily living (ADLs) in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (IS). METHODS: Shoulder and spine kinematics during five ADL movement tasks were assessed in 24 adolescents with IS (3 males and 21 females; mean age: 15.8 years; age range: 14-17 years) before and 15 min after elastic scapular taping. All the participants had a moderate curve magnitude (Cobb angle: 20°-45°),...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - May 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yağcı G, Turgut E, Yakut Y Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia: Results of circular external fixation treatment with intramedullary rodding and periosteal grafting technique.
CONCLUSION: Circular external fixator application combined with periosteal grafting is a superior method of CPT treatment. This method provides a healthy biological healing environment while correcting the mechanical problems. The combination of periosteal and cancellous bone grafts with intramedullary rods and an external fixator addresses issues that complicate obtaining and maintaining a union during the CPT treatment. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Therapeutic study. PMID: 32442122 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - May 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kocaoğlu M, Eralp L, Bilen FE, Civan M Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Complications after internal screw fixation of nondisplaced femoral neck fractures in elderly patients: A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Our study elucidated further the complication rate of nondisplaced femoral neck fractures treated with internal screw fixation. Since the failure rate of screw fixation for stable femoral neck fractures in elderly patients is not low, we believe that hemiarthroplasty is a reasonable treatment option in select patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic study. PMID: 32442123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - May 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kim SJ, Park HS, Lee DW Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Brodie's abscess of the calcaneus in an adult patient.
This study presents a rare case of a Brodie's abscess of the calcaneus caused by Staphylococcus aureus in an adult patient. A 46-year-old immunocompetent man had undergone nonsurgical treatment since childhood owing to the diagnosis of a heel spur. Radiological evaluation revealed a benign radiolucent cystic lesion of the calcaneus surrounded by a sclerotic rim. This condition was accompanied by perilesional bone marrow edema. Thereafter, surgical treatment was planned. During surgery, the content of the lesion was observed to be purulent. Meticulous intralesional debridement was performed, and antibiotic-loaded bone cemen...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - May 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Özbek EA, Başarır K, Yıldız HY Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Palmar-divergent dislocation of the scaphoid and lunate treated using percutaneous pinning and pin-in-plaster: A case report.
In conclusion, we recommend this treatment method due to its benefits of being relatively simple, easy to perform, and having a relatively short operation time. Essentially, a good outcome was achieved using this method, including full range of motion and freedom from pain. PMID: 32442125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - May 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kao SW, Chang IC, Wu CL Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Proliferative fasciitis: A rare cause of disturbances in an adolescent hand.
In this report, the authors review PF lesions on hands, advice careful evaluation of magnetic resonance imaging features, and recommend surgical management. PMID: 32442126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - May 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Vlaic J, Fattorini MZ, Dukaric N, Tomas D Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

The role of the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in the prediction of length and cost of hospital stay in patients with infected diabetic foot ulcers: A retrospective comparative study.
CONCLUSION: The PLR is inflammatory marker that can be measured by an inexpensive and easily accessible test and can aid in the prediction of length and cost of hospital stay in patients with DFUs. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic study. PMID: 32254026 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Eren MA, Güneş AE, Kırhan İ, Sabuncu T Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of tranexamic acid with epinephrine for prevention of blood loss following surgery for trochanteric femoral fractures.
This study aimed to determine whether the local administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) combined with diluted epinephrine (DEP) reduces blood loss and the need for transfusions compared with the administration of TXA alone following surgery for trochanteric femoral fractures. METHODS: Hundred patients were enrolled in this study. In the target group (TXA/DEP group: n=50; 19 men and 31 women, mean age 72.5±11.1 years), the surgical sites were injected with 35 mL normal saline mixed with 3 g of TXA with 0.2 mg of DEP at a 1:200,000 dilution (TXA/DEP) immediately after musculoaponeurotic closure. In the control gr...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Xu X, Xie L, Yu H, Hu Y Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Risk factors for mortality and survival rates in elderly patients undergoing hemiarthroplasty for hip fracture.
CONCLUSION: Advanced age, male gender, a high ASA score, a dependent preoperative ADL score, and a postoperative inability to walk were determined to be the most important risk factors affecting mortality in elderly patients with hip fracture. The mortality risk was 11.7 times greater than that of a population with similar characteristics. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Therapeutic study. PMID: 32254028 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Aslan A, Atay T, Aydoğan NH Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Novel, safe, and easy spinal osteotomy for regional kyphotic deformities.
This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of a newly developed transpedicular, anterior open-wedge osteotomy procedure with lamina preservation to correct sagittal imbalance in regional kyphotic deformities following compression fractures. METHODS: All seven patients [four females and three males; mean (range) age, 67 (56-78) years] included in this study underwent surgery between May 2005 and May 2016 for symptomatic, rigid kyphosis secondary to compression fractures. Transpedicular, anterior open-wedge osteotomy with lamina preservation was performed in all patients using an osteotome to create a transverse...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tsai SH, Liang CH, Chen KH, Pan CC, Lu WH, Lee CH Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Quantitative assessment of changes in lesser trochanter shapes in relation to femoral rotations.
ml; Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in lesser trochanter shapes in relation to femoral rotations and to develop a reference value for the determination of clinically relevant malrotation of the femur. METHODS: Patients who underwent computed tomography angiography between January 2009 and July 2018 were identified based on a review of their institutional medical records. Thereafter, three-dimensional (3D) images of the whole femur for a total of 860 patients were obtained from their tomographic sections. The distance between the lateral outer cortex of the femur and the most ...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Turgut A, Koca A, Uzakgider M, Hancıoğlu S, Erkuş S, Kalenderer Ö Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Comparison of operating time, fluoroscopy exposure time, and functional and radiological results of two surgical methods for distal forearm fractures of both-bones in pediatric patients: Is it necessary to fix both bones?
This study included a total of 34 children who were treated for distal forearm both-bone fracture. Patients were divided into two groups according to the technique used, which depended on the date of their surgery. Group 1 consisted of 18 children (14 males and four females; mean age: 10.3 years; age range: 7-16 years) who underwent both-bone fracture fixation using closed reduction and percutaneous pinning; Group 2 consisted of 16 children (12 males and four females; mean age: 10.1 years; age range: 6-15 years) who underwent only radius fracture fixation. The average follow-up was 65.6 months in Group 1 and 38.9 months in...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kocaoğlu H, Kalem M, Kavak M, Şahin E, Başarır K, Kınık H Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Reliability and validation of the Turkish version of the Low Back Outcome Score.
CONCLUSION: The Turkish version of the LBOS questionnaire appeared to be a valid and reliable outcome measure. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Diagnostic study. PMID: 32254032 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Alhomedah G, Çıtaker S, Günaydın G, Sezer R, Khan F Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Survey on the surgical skills of orthopedics and traumatology residents from accredited and nonaccredited institutions in İstanbul.
cedil; MA Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether orthopedic and traumatology residents who are undergoing training achieve competence in surgical techniques after completion of their specialization and to determine whether there are significant differences between the responses of residents from accredited and nonaccredited institutions. METHODS: A total of 131 orthopedics and traumatology residents from nine institutions in the İstanbul province answered the questionnaire during the morning training meeting. In addition to basic demographic data, level of seniority, equipment competence, and theoretical...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Dırvar F, Uzun Dırvar S, Yıldırım T, Cengiz Ö, Talmaç MA Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Comparison of the clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic transosseous and transosseous-equivalent double-row rotator cuff repair techniques.
CONCLUSION: In the treatment of rotator cuff tears, the ATO and TOE techniques may achieve considerable improvements in shoulder functions in the short term. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic study. PMID: 32254034 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Fırat A, Aydın M, Tecimel O, Öçgüder A, Sanisoğlu Y, Uğurlu M Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Effect of platelet-rich plasma and platelet-rich fibrin matrix on healing of vertical meniscal tears in a rabbit model.
CONCLUSION: The contradictory results obtained in previous studies emphasize the need for further research on the use of PRP in meniscal recovery and repair. We believe that if surgery is indicated, repair is absolutely necessary to improve the healing of the tissue in meniscal tears. Studies using human meniscal tissue for meniscal injury and those that evaluate clinical applications of PRP are warranted. PMID: 32254035 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kurnaz R, Balta O Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Midterm outcomes after arthroscopic repair of partial rotator cuff tears: A retrospective study of correlation between partial tear types and surgical technique.
CONCLUSION: The results of arthroscopic treatment of intratendinous tears were similar to the other types of partial tears, and the results of arthroscopic treatment of grade 3 partial rotator cuff tears revealed satisfactory outcomes, regardless of the type of the tear. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic study. PMID: 32254036 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kanatlı U, Ayanoğlu T, Ataoğlu MB, Özer M, Çetinkaya M, Eren TK Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Comparison of two methods for coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction: A finite element analysis.
CONCLUSION: Different tendon grafting techniques may offer different loading values on both bone surface and tendon graft during coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction. The drilling technique may be associated with increased loading on the tendon graft and bone surface, causing further loss of reduction and consequent complications. PMID: 32254037 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Çalışal E, Uğur L Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

The effect of topical and systemic tranexamic acid on fracture healing in rats.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that topical application of TXA in fracture patients may accelerate healing, whereas systemic administration may adversely affect healing. PMID: 32254038 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Çevik HB, Eceviz E, Çilingir Kaya ÖT, Ercan F, Çeçen GS Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Alternative treatment for varus instability of the hallux interphalangeal joint: A case report.
This study investigated chronic varus instability of the hallux IP joint. We performed a surgical reconstruction owing to conservative treatment failure. A good surgical outcome was achieved by reconstruction of the collateral ligament using the 4th extensor tendon-a promising alternative treatment option for this type of injury. This method indicated no morbidity outside the site of surgery and was more cost-effective than reconstruction using an allograft. PMID: 32254039 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Park SE, Choi BS, Hwang WH, Jeong JJ Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Bilateral septic arthritis of the hip caused by nontyphoidal salmonella: A case report.
We report the case of a 53-year-old male patient with bilateral hip infection caused by NTS. We performed a two-stage reconstruction comprising debridement of both hip joints followed by prosthetic replacement with antibiotic-loaded acrylic cement because the patient's diagnosis was delayed for approximately three months and the hip joints were already damaged. At two-year follow-up, the clinical, radiologic, and laboratory findings were within the normal limits, and there was no sign of infection. This case is presented because reports of bilateral hip joint infection due to NTS are rare. Early detection and proper treatm...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - March 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Shin YR, Park KS, Cho KJ, Yoon TR Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

The congress was a great success: Yes, but what about research?
tur E PMID: 32175890 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - January 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Yalçınkaya M, Bagatur E Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid for reducing blood loss in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture treated with intramedullary fixation surgery: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture undergoing intramedullary fixation surgery. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library and EMBASE for published randomized clinical trials relevant to use of TXA in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture treated with intramedullary fixation surgery. Meta-analysis was performed according to the guidelines of the Cochrane Reviewer's Hand book. RESULTS: Five trials assessing 540 patients were included for meta-analysis. The pooled re...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - January 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Luo X, Huang H, Tang X Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Center-edge angle values in healthy children between 5 and 14 years old in Turkey.
CONCLUSION: The mild and severe dysplasia values that are defined according to ages in Turkish population will guide the investigators in the diagnosis, follow-up and treatment planning of developmental dysplasia. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Diagnostic Study. PMID: 32175892 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - January 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tuğrul Aİ, Yılmaz G, Aydın BK, Akel İ, Durgut F, Şenaran H Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Minimally invasive medial plate osteosynthesis in tibial pilon fractures: Longterm functional and radiological outcomes.
CONCLUSION: Minimally invasive medial plate osteosynthesis is a reliable method of treatment for tibial pilon fractures. This technique provides a high fracture healing rate and satisfying functional outcome with minimal wound healing complications. Sagittal plan deformity remains a common complication with minimally invasive medial plate osteosynthesis. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Therapeutic Study. PMID: 32175893 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - January 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Barış A, Çirci E, Demirci Z, Öztürkmen Y Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Prevalence and clinical impact of sarcopenia in osteoporotic hip fracture: Single center retrospective cohort study.
CONCLUSION: Although the present study showed that the prevalence of sarcopenia in hip fracture patients was 45.9% (62/135), there was no clinical association between sarcopenia and postoperative. Based on these results, the clinical impact of sarcopenia may be confined to increased risk of hip fracture occurrence and surgical outcomes of hip fracture may not be affected by sarcopenia. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic Study. PMID: 32175894 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - January 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Shin WC, Jang JH, Seo HE, Suh KT, Moon NH Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Clinicopathological value of ErbB2 gene and protein expression in osteochondroma.
CONCLUSION: ErbB2 gene amplification was associated with adverse clinicopathological status of osteochondroma and could serve as an index for malignant conversion of osteochondroma. Further research is required to verify the predictive values of ErbB2 for osteochondroma. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Diagnostic Study. PMID: 32175895 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - January 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Huang Z, Wang SL, Huang QS, Li XD, Chen H, Lin JH Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Treatment of pelvic Ewing's sarcoma: Pros and cons of chemotherapy plus definitive radiotherapy versus surgery.
CONCLUSION: The survival rates of the patients who underwent surgery were higher than those of non-surgical patients, although the difference was not statistically significant. Definitive radiation and chemotherapy would be preferable in selected cases, such as patients with sacral localisation, without surgical intervention. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic Study. PMID: 32175896 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - January 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kaçmaz İE, Keçeci B, Basa CD, Sabah D Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Treatment of simple bone cyst with bone marrow concentrate and equine-derived demineralized bone matrix injection versus methylprednisolone acetate injections: A retrospective comparative study.
CONCLUSION: Treatment with BMC+EDDBM injections may provide better results with a single procedure than 3 methylprednisolone acetate injections and represent an interesting alternative for the treatment of unicameral bone cysts. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic Study. PMID: 32175897 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - January 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: D'Amato RD, Memeo A, Fusini F, Panuccio E, Peretti G Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Diagnostic importance of clinicopathologic features and p16, CD34, MDM2 expression in differential diagnosis of adipocytic tumors.
CONCLUSION: p16 and CD34 expression are valuable in the differential diagnosis of lipomatous tumors when radiological and clinical considerations do not help to differential diagnosis of adipocytic tumors. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Therapeutic Study. PMID: 32175898 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica)
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - January 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Altun E, Yüksel S, Kaygusuz G, Yıldız HY Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research

Matrix induced autologous chondrocyte implantation in the knee: Comparison between osteochondritis dissecans and osteonecrosis and effect of chondrocyte thickness on prognosis.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was compare the clinical success of treatments for avascular necrosis and osteochondritis dissecans in cases who underwent matrix autologous chondrocyte implantations, and evaluate cartilage thickness on the clinical outcomes after implantation. METHODS: A total of 37 patients (29 men, and 8 women; mean age: 23.8 years (16-38)) were treated prospectively with a two-stage matrix autologous chondrocyte implantation (avascular necrosis, n=21; osteochondritis dissecans, n=18). Clinical improvements and follows-up were assessed based on the patients' International Cartilag...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica - January 1, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Aydın M, Yorubulut M, Başarır K, Arıkan M, Binnet MS Tags: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc Source Type: research