Neurofeedback or medication to treat ADHD?
CONCLUSION: Neurofeedback is a promising alternative treatment for ADHD in children who do not respond to or experience significant adverse effects from ADHD medication. (Source: SharpBrains)
Source: SharpBrains - October 17, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Dr. David Rabiner Tags: Attention and ADD/ADHD Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness brainwave medication methylphenidate Neurofeedback Ritalin Source Type: blogs

Time to adopt Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) as a public health intervention to ease depression?
This article was originally published on Mindful, including first steps to take when feeling the blues. Related reading: Mindfully debunking four meditation myths Book review: Grit is a tool in the toolbox, not the silver bullet To harness neuroplasticity, start with enthusiasm Six tips to build resilience and prevent brain-damaging stress (Source: SharpBrains)
Source: SharpBrains - October 15, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Greater Good Magazine Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness cognitive-therapy depression depression screening Mental-Health mindfulness mindfulness-based cognitive therapy public-health UCLA Source Type: blogs

Anticipating ethical implications of DARPA ’s neurotechnology push
___ The Pentagon’s Push to Program Soldiers’ Brains (The Atlantic): “…darpa officials refer to the potential consequences of neurotechnology by invoking the acronym elsi, a term of art devised for the Human Genome Project. It stands for “ethical, legal, social implications.” The man who led the discussion on ethics among the research teams was Steven Hyman, a neuroscientist and neuroethicist at MIT and Harvard’s Broad Institute. Hyman is also a former head of the National Institute of Mental Health. When I spoke with him about his work on darpa programs, he noted that one issue ne...
Source: SharpBrains - October 12, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Technology DARPA ethics Neuroethics neuroplasticity Neurotechnology Source Type: blogs

Study: Only 5% of US children ages 8 –11 follow screen time, sleep and exercise guidelines recommended for brain development
___ Limiting children’s screen time linked to better cognition, study says (CNN): “Limiting kids’ recreational screen time to less than two hours a day, along with sufficient sleep and physical activity, is associated with improved cognition, according to a study published in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. The study included about 4,500 US children ages 8 to 11 and measured their habits against the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth. It found that 51% of the children got the recommended nine to 11 hours of uninterrupted sleep per night, 37% met the recreational screen t...
Source: SharpBrains - October 9, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning brain-development children cognition global cognition improve-cognition Physical-activity screen time sleep Source Type: blogs

The Ontario Brain Institute selects 6 neurotech start-ups for ONtrepreneurs program
— Six breakthrough neurotech start-ups win coveted Ontario Brain Institute award (press release): “Canada’s most prestigious early-stage neurotechnology entrepreneur awards were announced today by the Ontario Brain Institute (OBI). The ONtrepreneurs program, the single largest funder of early-stage neurotech entrepreneurs in Canada, is investing in six early-stage ventures this year to help accelerate their path to commercialization through access to funding, resources, and mentorship … “The ONtrepreneurs program is at the heart of OBI’s mandate to unlock the huge commercial and medical...
Source: SharpBrains - October 5, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology Cerebian Curv Nanology Labs neurotech Ontario Brain Institute ONtrepreneurs start-ups Supports Health TruReach Welbi Source Type: blogs

Helius Medical and HealthTech Connex partner to develop neuroplasticity clinics in Canada
___ Helius Medical Technologies and HealthTech Connex Announce Alliance to Build Canadian Commercial Infrastructure (press release): “Helius Medical Technologies, Inc. (NASDAQ:HSDT) (TSX:HSM), a neurotech company focused on neurological wellness, today announced that the Company has entered into an agreement with HealthTech Connex, Inc. (“HTC”) to develop and manage neuroplasticity clinics in Canada. “We are excited to announce this strategic alliance with HealthTech Connex and look forward to establishing our commercial infrastructure in Canada,” said CEO Philippe Deschamps. “This new a...
Source: SharpBrains - October 3, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology Canada clinics HealthTech Connex Helius Medical Technologies Heuro Canada neurological wellness neuromodulation neuroplasticity neurotech Source Type: blogs

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation shows early promise to ameliorate depression, especially if combined with other therapies and dosage optimized
Conclusions: The effect size of tDCS treatment was comparable with those reported for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and antidepressant drug treatment in primary care. The most important parameters for optimisation in future trials are depression refractoriness and tDCS dose. News in Context: Guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) on the use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tdcs) for depression FDA clears deep transcranial magnetic stimulation device to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder FDA clears first CBT-based digital therapeutic to treat substance...
Source: SharpBrains - October 1, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Professional Development Technology depression efficacy Major Depressive Disorder MDD meta-analysis NICE pharmacotherapy tDCS Transcranial-direct-current-stimulation US Food and Drug Admin Source Type: blogs

Update: Think twice before taking Adderall as cognitive enhancer — it may worsen your working memory
___ Dear reader, It’s time for SharpBrains monthly e-newsletter, starting in this occasion with an important article by Duke University’s Dr. David Rabiner raising concerns about the growing non-medical use of ADHD drugs. New research: Do ADHD drugs really help college students without ADHD? Mindfully debunking four meditation myths Cognitive training & remediation works, especially in schizophrenia and healthy aging New tools: Neurotechnology pioneers, please design with the end-user in mind FDA clears deep transcranial magnetic stimulation device to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder DA...
Source: SharpBrains - September 28, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology brain cognition cognitive-enhancer enewsletter Working-memory Source Type: blogs

Have a Kindle? Order The SharpBrains Guide to Brain Fitness at a sharp discount and help fight Alzheimer ’s Disease
As you probably know September is World Alzheimer’s Month, and we’d like to help improve public knowledge about brain health and Alzheimer’s risk factors by making The SharpBrains Guide to Brain Fitness: How to Optimize your Brain Health and Performance at Any Age easier to access and read. From Saturday, September 29th, until Monday, October 1st, we’ll be running a Kindle Countdown Deal via Amazon in which you can order the book with discounts of up to 90%. We hope you enjoy the book and it helps you protect your most important asset: your amazing human brain. –> To order in the ...
Source: SharpBrains - September 27, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Alzheimer's risk factors book Brain-Fitness Brain-health Kindle Countdown Deal Source Type: blogs

Read Kindle books in Spanish? Lea hoy este libro con un 80% de descuento y mejore su salud cerebral
Este Septiembre se celebra el World Alzheimer’s Month y desde SharpBrains queremos contribuir a la concienciación y educación para la mejora de la salud cognitiva y la prevención de la enfermedad de Alzheimer’s. Hoy, Miércoles 26 de Septiembre, la versión kindle del libro Cómo invertir en su cerebro: Una guía SharpBrains para mejorar su mente y su vida esta disponible con un descuento del 80% gracias a Kindle Flash. Esperamos que sea de ayuda! Para comprar en EEUU: Vea aquí Para comprar en España: Vea aquí Para comprar en Mé...
Source: SharpBrains - September 26, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Alvaro Fernandez Tags: Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness enfermedad de Alzheimer's Kindle Flash neuroplasticidad prevención salud cognitiva World Alzheimer's Month Source Type: blogs

Brain Training vs Facebook/ Social Media: 1 — 0
___ Does Regular Brain Training Keep Selena Gomez at the Peak of Her Career? (YCB): “Selena Gomez hit the headlines this week when she revealed to ELLE Magazine that, despite being one of the world’s most influential celebrities online with 142 million followers on Instagram alone, she actually has no social media or photo editing apps on her smartphone. In fact, the only app she does have is Peak, a popular brain-training app. The Peak app has already reached 40 million downloads worldwide, and Selena Gomez is just part of a growing trend of 20-somethings who are now using apps and games like this for fun, sel...
Source: SharpBrains - September 21, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Technology app Brain-Training brain-training-app Peak relaxation Selena Gomez self-improvement smartphone social-media Source Type: blogs

Do ADHD drugs really help college students without ADHD?
___ Over the past 15 years there has been growing awareness that many college students without an ADHD diagnosis use ADHD drugs. On some campuses, rates of self-reported non-medical use have exceeded 30% of students. The primary reason students report taking ADHD drugs is to enhance their academic performance. And, the strong majority of students — over 80% in a study I conducted — believe it is helpful for this purpose. Furthermore, students who report problems with attention are more likely to report non-medical use than other students; this suggests that some self-medicate to address their perceived attentio...
Source: SharpBrains - September 19, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Dr. David Rabiner Tags: Attention and ADD/ADHD Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness academic-performance. Adderall ADHD-diagnosis ADHD-drugs cognitive-functioning college Mental-Health neurocognitive psychiatric conditions Working-memory Source Type: blogs

Neurotechnology pioneers, please design with the end-user in mind
John Kemp, President & CEO at The Viscardi Center and The Henry Viscardi School in New York _____ The importance of being seen, heard and understood for neurotechnology end-users (Center for Neurotechnology at University of Washington): “Today, when realistic-looking prosthetic hands with articulating fingers are becoming more widely available, one of the first things many people notice about John Kemp is that he chooses to use prosthetic metal clamps instead of hands. “These don’t look functional,” Kemp said, holding up his clamps. “They’re highly functional. I wear these all day. I...
Source: SharpBrains - September 17, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology Center for Neurotechnology disability end-user engineer John Kemp neuroengineer prosthetic University of Washington Source Type: blogs

FDA clears deep transcranial magnetic stimulation device to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder
___ BrainsWay’s Brain Stimulation Device Receives FDA Approval to Treat Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (IEEE Spectrum): “In 2013, Jerusalem-based BrainsWay began marketing a new type of brain stimulation device that uses magnetic pulses to treat major depressive disorder. Now, thanks to positive results in a study of 100 patients, the company has received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market the device for a second psychiatric condition—obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) … Typically, noninvasive electrical and magnetic fields applied to the scalp, such as in transcran...
Source: SharpBrains - September 14, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Health & Wellness Technology brain-stimulation BrainsWay deep transcranial magnetic stimulation Deep-TMS device FDA Major Depressive Disorder obsessive-compulsive disorder tDCS Transcranial-direct-current-stimulation Source Type: blogs

DARPA paving the way for a future brain-based Internet
___ DARPA Wants Brain Interfaces for Able-Bodied Warfighters (IEEE Spectrum): “Until now, the neuroscience programs at DARPA, the mad science wing of the Department of Defense, have focused on technologies for warfighters who have returned home with disabilities of the body or brain. For example, programs have funded research on prosthetic limbs that are wired into the nervous system and brain implants that could treat post-traumatic stress disorder. But the way the military fights wars is changing, and so must DARPA’s priorities … The Next-Generation Nonsurgical Neurotechnology (N3) program will fund re...
Source: SharpBrains - September 12, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Peak Performance Technology biomedical DARPA device electroencephalogram N3 Neurons Neurotechnology noninvasive Nonsurgical prosthetic tDCS Source Type: blogs

Mindfully debunking four meditation myths
___ Mindfulness meditation can help us lead happier, healthier lives … at least according to science. Yet many of us still balk at the idea of practicing it ourselves. Perhaps we fear that meditation is too new agey, or it might slow us down or lead to complacency. Some might fear mindfulness could come at the expense of productivity, a moral compass, or even the vitality that gives us our edge. But new research studies bust some of the common myths around mindfulness meditation. Rather than making us blissfully tuned out or carefree, mindfulness meditation may actually make it easier for us to take a moral stand, b...
Source: SharpBrains - September 10, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Greater Good Magazine Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Peak Performance Professional Development Technology meditation mindful mindfulness myths Source Type: blogs

Perspective: There ’s no epidemic of anxiety disorders among teenagers
___ The Big Myth About Teenage Anxiety (The New York Times): “We hear a lot these days that modern digital technology is rewiring the brains of our teenagers, making them anxious, worried and unable to focus. Don’t panic; things are really not this dire. Despite news reports to the contrary, there is little evidence of an epidemic of anxiety disorders in teenagers …  Some would argue that young people today are more worried because the world is now in a more parlous state, what with intense competition for college and the lingering effects of the Great Recession, among other factors. Sure, but then ...
Source: SharpBrains - September 7, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Source Type: blogs

New book explores nine lives impacted by rare brain disorders
“Several years ago, science writer Helen Thomson, consultant to New Scientist and contributor to the Washington Post and Nature, decided to travel around the world to interview people with “the most extraordinary brains.” In the process, as described in Unthinkable: An Extraordinary Journey Through the World’s Strangest Brains (Ecco/Harper Collins 2018), Thomas discovered that “by putting their lives side-by-side, I was able to create a picture of how the brain functions in us all. Through their stories, I uncovered the mysterious manner in which the brain can shape our lives in unexpected&mda...
Source: SharpBrains - September 4, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Dana Foundation Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning brain brains Unthinkable Source Type: blogs

Evidence review: Cognitive training & remediation works, especially in schizophrenia and healthy aging
___ Evidence That Computerized Cognitive Training Works (Psychology Today) “Many people use computerized cognitive training with the hopes of preventing mental decline or improving mental performance. But do these brain training games actually work?  A recent article by Harvey and colleagues, in press in Biological Psychiatry, evaluates the effects of cognitive training in schizophrenia and healthy aging, concluding that computerized cognitive training (CCT) does work… Source: Arash Emamzadeh (Harvey et al 2018; reference 1) Using their now expanded definitions of cognitive training and effectiveness, the...
Source: SharpBrains - August 31, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology Brain-Training brain-training-games cognition Computerized-cognitive-training controversies healthy-aging Rehabilitation. Clinical trials schizophrenia Source Type: blogs

ABC mental health campaign aims at increasing participation in social, recreational activities
___ Here’s a mental health workout that’s as simple as ABC (The Conversation): “While we take physical workouts very seriously, there is much less said about the “workouts” that help us remain mentally agile and healthy. But just as with physical health, there are simple and practical ways that can help everyone to enjoy good mental health. …  By building on research into what people can do to improve their mental health, we have developed an “ABC” model that can be easily adopted in everyday life. Known as “Act-Belong-Commit”, the approach promotes kee...
Source: SharpBrains - August 29, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness Act-Belong-Commit anxiety Cognitive-impairment depression Mental-Health physical workouts Source Type: blogs

On neuroplasticity, psychedelics, forest bathing, drinking, sleep and more: The Month in Review
___ Dear reader, It’s time for SharpBrains monthly e-newsletter exploring the latest thinking, science and tools for lifelong brain health and mental well-being. Enjoy! New research: Psychedelics can promote neural plasticity in the prefrontal cortex and expand pathways for mental health Drinking up to 5–8 glasses of wine or beer a week not seen to increase dementia risk (that’s the good news; bad news is that>25% of older people start drinking more than that after the age of 60) Growing research on the relationship between sleep and Alzheimer’s Disease Trigger warnings don’...
Source: SharpBrains - August 27, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness Peak Performance Brain-health drinking forest bathing mental well being neuroplasticity psychedelics sleep Source Type: blogs

Study: Drinking up to 5 –8 glasses of wine or beer a week not seen to increase dementia risk
Conclusion: The risk of dementia was increased in people who abstained from alcohol in midlife or consumed>14 units/week. In several countries, guidelines define thresholds for harmful alcohol consumption much higher than 14 units/week. The present findings encourage the downward revision of such guidelines to promote cognitive health at older ages … Taken together, these results suggest that abstention and excessive alcohol consumption are associated with an increased risk of dementia, although the underlying mechanisms are likely to be different in the two groups. Overall, no evidence was found that alcohol con...
Source: SharpBrains - August 24, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness abstinence alcohol dementia midlife Source Type: blogs

New book on how “Forest Bathing” can promote physical and mental health
– The Kumano Kodo trail in Japan “Nature deficit disorder” is a modern affliction. With more people living in cities, working in high-rise office buildings, and becoming addicted to their innumerable electronic devices, many of us are indeed experiencing a nature deficit. This is true for children and adults alike. In his new book, Forest Bathing: How Trees Can Help You Find Health and Happiness, Japanese medical doctor and researcher Qing Li presents some sobering statistics: By 2050, according to the United Nations Population Division, three quarters of the world’s people will live in cities. Eve...
Source: SharpBrains - August 22, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Greater Good Magazine Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness actigraphy actual sleep time anger anxiety circadian phase depression electronic devices forest bathing forest walking Japan Mental-Health Nature deficit disorder physiological stress Source Type: blogs

Epigenetics research opens potential door to prevent neurodevelopmental disorders
Sai Ma, former Virginia Tech biomedical engineering Ph.D. student, and Chang Lu, the Fred W. Bull professor of Chemical Engineering at Virginia Tech. Credit: Virginia Tech ___ Epigenetic Changes Guide Development of Different Brain Regions (Dana Foundation): “It’s one of the greatest standing mysteries in neuroscience: Given that each cell in the human body contains the same DNA, how, exactly, does the brain develop into distinct functional regions, supported by different cell types? And how might that developmental program go awry, resulting in neurodevelopmental disorders like schizophrenia or autism? The ans...
Source: SharpBrains - August 20, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness Technology bioengineering brain cerebellum clinical disorders DNA epigenome Neurodevelopmental neurodevelopmental disorders neurological neuropsychiatric Source Type: blogs

Study: Psychedelics can promote neural plasticity in the prefrontal cortex and expand pathways for mental health
– Credit: Cell Reports 2018 23, 3170–3182DOI: (10.1016/j.celrep.2018.05.022). Copyright © 2018 The Authors ___ Psychedelics in Neurology: Potential for Improving Neuroplasticity (NeurologyTimes): “Back in the 1950s, research was proving that psychedelic agents could be effective in the treatment of various neuropsychiatric disorders. Unfortunately, just as science was exploring their beneficial effects, the counterculture was exploring and embracing their effects. Slowly but surely, psychedelics were associated with rebellious youth and the tumultuous anti-war movement. As a result, the gov...
Source: SharpBrains - August 17, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Peak Performance Technology Aldous Huxley Brain-Plasticity depression disorders DMT ketamine LSD MDMA Michael Pollan neural plasticity neuroplasticity neuropsychiatric neuropsychiatr Source Type: blogs

Trend: Growing research on the relationship between sleep and Alzheimer ’s Disease
Conclusion: This meta-analysis confirmed the association between sleep and cognitive impairment or AD and, for the first time, consolidated the evidence to provide an “average” magnitude of effect. As sleep problems are of a growing concern in the population, these findings are of interest for potential prevention of AD. The Study in Context: Bill Gates announces $50 million investment to fight Alzheimer’s Disease From Anti-Alzheimer’s ‘Magic Bullets’ to True Brain Health 10 million people develop dementia every year Report: 35% of worldwide dementia cases could be prevented by modifyi...
Source: SharpBrains - August 15, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Alzheimer’s Disease cognitive problems cognitive-decline dementia sleep sleep apnea sleep disorders sleep parameters sleep problems Source Type: blogs

Meta-analysis finds value in teaching the science of neuroplasticity, especially for math achievement among at-risk students
___ The ‘Brain’ in Growth Mindset: Does Teaching Students Neuroscience Help? (Education Week): “Teaching students the science of how their brains change over time can help them see intelligence as something they can develop, rather than innate and unchangeable, finds a new analysis of 10 separate studies online in the journal Trends in Neuroscience and Education. Teaching students the concept of neuroplasticity—the ability of the brain to make new neural connections as a result of experience—is a common tactic in helping students develop a so-called “growth” rather than “fixe...
Source: SharpBrains - August 13, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning achievement brain-activity growth-mindset intelligence math meta-analysis motivation neuroplasticity teaching Source Type: blogs

Study: Brain training games could be used to assess cognitive abilities, replace the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE)
___ The Use of Mobile Games to Assess Cognitive Function of Elderly with and without Cognitive Impairment (Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease): Abstract: In the past few years numerous mobile games have been developed to train the brain. There is a lack of information about the relation between the scores obtained in these games and the cognitive abilities of the patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether or not mobile games can be used to assess cognitive abilities of elderly. Twenty healthy young adults, 29 old patients with cognitive impairments (Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) [20- 24]) and 27-aged c...
Source: SharpBrains - August 10, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology assessment cognitive evaluation cognitive-abilities cognitive-function Cognitive-impairment cognitive-impairments dementia Mini-Mental-State-Exam MMSE mobile games Serious-Games Source Type: blogs

New $30M venture philanthropy fund aims at revolutionizing the diagnosis of Alzheimer ’s Disease
_____ Why diagnosing Alzheimer’s today is so difficult—and how we can do better (Bill Gates): “Alzheimer’s research is a frontier where we can dramatically improve human life—both the lives of people who have the disease and their loved ones. I’m optimistic that we can substantially alter the course of Alzheimer’s if we make progress in several key areas. One of the biggest things we could do right now is develop a reliable, affordable, and accessible diagnostic. The process of getting diagnosed with Alzheimer’s today is less than ideal…First, it can be expensive and i...
Source: SharpBrains - August 8, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness ADDF Alzheimer’s Drug Discovery Foundation Alzheimers-research Bill Gates Brain-health cognitive-decline diagnosis diagnostics Diagnostics Accelerator venture philanthropy Source Type: blogs

Quick brain teaser to start the week off on the right foot (and mind)
  A blind beggar had a brother who died. What relation was the blind beggar to the brother who died? “Brother” is not the answer.   tick tick tick tick… still working on it? Explanation: This puzzle is very simple and yet stumps many who have not heard it before, because we tend to make an implicit assumption about gender — in this case that a blind beggar is a man. This puzzle touches on analytical functions like abstract reasoning, hypothesis testing and implicit assumptions, as well as your creativity in finding novel solutions to problems and emotional memory. Answer: The blind beg...
Source: SharpBrains - August 6, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Caroline Latham Tags: Brain Teasers Cognitive Neuroscience adults blind beggar brain-teaser free Source Type: blogs

Study: Trigger warnings don ’t work, may undermine emotional resilience
Conclusions: Trigger warnings may inadvertently undermine some aspects of emotional resilience. Further research is needed on the generalizability of our findings, especially to collegiate populations and to those with trauma histories. The Study in Context: Six tips to build resilience and prevent brain-damaging stress 20 Must-Know Facts to Harness Neuroplasticity and Improve Brain Health Forget the Oscars — the Greater Goodies honor Ten Films that Highlight the Growth Mindset, Resilience, Purpose and more (Source: SharpBrains)
Source: SharpBrains - August 3, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning emotional distress emotional-resilience posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD trigger warnings Source Type: blogs

Study: Trigger warnings don ’t work, they may even backfire
  It’s Official—Trigger Warnings Might Actually Be Harmful (Mdium): “In the era of college student sensitivities to a seemingly ever-increasing list of possible offending material, the use of so-called “trigger warnings” has become commonplace on university campuses. These warnings are usually given at the beginning of a class (or at the beginning of specific sections of a class) to prepare students…” After controlling for various factors, such as sex, race, age, psychiatric history, and political orientation, the researchers found that those participants who receiv...
Source: SharpBrains - August 3, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Brain Teasers Cognitive Neuroscience trigger warnings Source Type: blogs

Update: Meditation-based mental training can lead to clear –yet surprisingly varied– cognitive and emotional benefits
_____ Dear reader, Time for SharpBrains monthly e-newsletter, discussing latest thinking, research and tools for lifelong brain health and mental health. Enjoy! New thinking: Study finds clear–yet surprisingly different–benefits in 3 types of meditation-based mental training Technology and the Cognition Crisis Think twice before taking Aderall for cognitive enhancement: It may actually impair working memory and other cognitive abilities New research: Practice effect due to repeated testing can delay detection of cognitive impairment and dementia Meta-analysis finds sustained benefits of neurofeedback fo...
Source: SharpBrains - July 31, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Attention and ADD/ADHD Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness Technology aderall Brain Teasers Brain-health cognition cognitive-enhancement meditation Mental-Health mental-training Source Type: blogs

Study: Practice effect due to repeated testing can delay detection of cognitive impairment and dementia
___ Practice Imperfect: Repeated Cognitive Testing Can Obscure Early Signs of Dementia (UC San Diego Health press release): “Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative condition that often begins with mild cognitive impairment or MCI, making early and repeated assessments of cognitive change crucial to diagnosis and treatment. But in a paper published online in the journal Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring, a team of researchers led by scientists at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine found that repeated testing of middl...
Source: SharpBrains - July 30, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology aging Alzheimer’s Alzheimer’s Disease cognitive change cognitive-decline cognitive-testing dementia MCI middle-age mild-cognitive-impairment neurodegenerative practice eff Source Type: blogs

One in eight children in India aged 2 –9 may have neurodevelopmental disorders
___ 1 in 8 kids in 2–9 age group may have developmental deficits  (Times of India): “Almost one in eight Indian children aged two to nine may have at least one neurodevelopmental disorder, states a study published in PLOS Medicine journal on Wednesday. Neurodevelopmental disorders include a wide range of issues ranging from visual and hearing impairment to autism and learning disabilities. The study is among the first to look at a wide prevalence of such disorders. Conducted by Narendra K Arora of the Delhi-based INCLEN Trust International, the PLOS Medicine study looked at 4,000 children ac...
Source: SharpBrains - July 27, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning autism hearing impairment India intellectual disability learning disabilities neurodevelopmental disorder PLOS Medicine Source Type: blogs

Sanofi Ventures leads $17M investment in Click Therapeutics, finalist @ 2017 Brainnovations Pitch Contest
Conclusions: In this initial single-arm trial, Clickotine users appeared to demonstrate encouraging indicators of engagement in terms of the number of app opens, number of program interactions, and continued engagement over time. Clickotine users reported encouraging quit rates while reporting few adverse events. Future research is warranted to assess Clickotine’s efficacy in a randomized controlled trial. The News in Context: Pear Therapeutics raises $50M to develop and market a portfolio of digital therapeutics for mental health 10 neurotechnologies about to transform brain enhancement and brain health Five reaso...
Source: SharpBrains - July 25, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology Brainnovations cigarette smoking Click Therapeutics Clickotine digital medicine digital therapeutics Pear Therapeutics Sanofi Ventures smartphone smoking cessation tobacco Source Type: blogs

Think twice before taking Aderall for cognitive enhancement: It may actually impair working memory and other cognitive abilities
___ ADHD drugs do not improve cognition in healthy college students (ScienceDaily): “Contrary to popular belief across college campuses, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications may fail to improve cognition in healthy students and actually can impair functioning, according to a study by researchers at the University of Rhode Island and Brown University. Study co-investigators Lisa Weyandt, professor of psychology and a faculty member with URI’s George and Anne Ryan Institute for Neuroscience, and Tara White, assistant professor of research in behavioral and social sciences at Brown Universit...
Source: SharpBrains - July 23, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Attention and ADD/ADHD Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness amphetamine attention deficit hyperactivity disorder cognitive-abilities emotional improve-cognition medications neurocognition prescription prescription stimulant medic Source Type: blogs

Perspective: How brain training games could help patients with Huntington ’s disease
This article was originally published in The Conversation. The Article in Context For further information about Huntington’s disease and support, visit The Huntington’s disease association, or HDBuzz Five reasons the future of brain enhancement is digital, pervasive and (hopefully) bright 10 neurotechnologies about to transform brain enhancement and brain health Can brain training work? Yes, if it meets these 5 conditions   (Source: SharpBrains)
Source: SharpBrains - July 20, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Emma Yhnell Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Technology brain-disorder Brain-Training brain-training-games Huntingtons-Disease Source Type: blogs

Digital Mental Health: the Hurt, the Hype, the Hope
Kickstarted with a keynote by scientist/ policy-maker/ entrepreneur Dr. Tom Insel,  the Summit hosted a Brainnovations Pitch Contest (details HERE) to discuss the latest technologies for Brain Health & Enhancement. 12 selected startups pitched their innovative approach and solutions to our distinguished Judges –our very own “Sharp Tank”– and to all Summit participants. 8.30–9.15am. Digital Mental Health: the Hurt, the Hype, the Hope (recording requires registration; view slidedeck above or Here) Dr. Tom Insel, President and Co-Founder...
Source: SharpBrains - July 18, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology digital health digital mental health Mental-Health Mindstrong Health Tom Insel Source Type: blogs

Save the Date for the 2018 SharpBrains Virtual Summit: December 4 –6th
?” Imagine a free “annual brain check-up” — what may it look like, and how can it lead into personalized interventions to improve function and prevent/ delay/ treat cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s Disease? Imagine a videogame cleared by the FDA to treat ADHD, depression, or substance abuse — how will doctors prescribe it, patients access it, and insurers pay for it? Imagine being responsible for the health & wellness of a million people — how will you educate them to navigate most-likely-to-help interventions, such as breathing/ exercise/ meditation/ apps/ biofeedback/ t...
Source: SharpBrains - July 16, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Alvaro Fernandez Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Technology adhd Alzheimers-disease biofeedback brain check-up cognitive-decline depression digital neurotechnologies Neurotechnology noninvasive substance-abuse tDCS Source Type: blogs

Mental athletes gathering in Boston for the USA Memory Championship
___ Memory Contest Comes To MIT, Where Brain Scientists Explain Why Training Works (WBUR): “For the last few months, 13-year-old Claire Wang of Los Angeles has been training her memory with playing cards, phone numbers, software — “whatever I can get my hands on,” she says. She’s been buffing up her skills to compete in an annual sporting tournament where the athletes are not physical but mental. Known as the USA Memory Championship, the competition is in its 20th year and hosted for the first time this Saturday at MIT, which is also home to one of the biggest collections of brain scientists i...
Source: SharpBrains - July 13, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning memory memory contest mental athletes training USA Memory Championship Source Type: blogs

Study finds clear –yet surprisingly different–benefits in 3 types of meditation-based mental training
___ As citizens of the 21st century, we face many problems that come with an industrialized and globalized world. I’m not a lawyer or a politician, but a psychologist and neuroscientist. So research on how to train helpful mental and social capacities is my way to contribute to a more healthy, communal, and cooperative civilization. For the past five years, that research has taken the form of the ReSource Project, one of the longest and most comprehensive studies on the effects of meditation-based mental training to date. Lots of research treats the concept of meditation as a single practice, when in fact medita...
Source: SharpBrains - July 11, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Greater Good Magazine Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness affective attention behavior brain cognitive-abilities compassion higher-level meditation meditation-based mental-training mindfulness Psychology ReSource Source Type: blogs

Technology and the Cognition Crisis
___ “Our lives on this planet have improved in so many amazing ways over the last century. On average, we are now healthier, more affluent and literate, less violent and longer living. Despite these unprecedented positive changes, clear signs exist that we are in the midst of an emerging crisis–one that has not yet been recognized in its full breadth, even though it lurks just beneath the surface of our casual conversations and swims in the undercurrents of our news feeds. This is not the well-known crisis that we’ve induced upon the earth’s climate, but one that is just as threatening to our future...
Source: SharpBrains - July 10, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Dr. Adam Gazzaley Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness artificial intelligence brains cognition cognition crisis human intelligence human mind mental capacity Source Type: blogs

To thrive in tomorrow ’s economy, workers need to boost lifelong cognitive abilities
___ The Cognitive Limits of Lifelong Learning (Project Syndicate): “As new technologies continue to upend industries and take over tasks once performed by humans, workers worldwide fear for their futures. But what will really prevent humans from competing effectively in the labor market is not the robots themselves, but rather our own minds, with all their psychological biases and cognitive limitations… Lifelong learning is supposed to provide the intellectual flexibility and professional adaptability needed to seize opportunities in new and dynamic sectors as they emerge, as well as the resilience to handle s...
Source: SharpBrains - July 5, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Peak Performance Professional Development cognitive limitations cognitive-abilities intellectual flexibility labor market Lifelong-learning minds psychological biases robots work Source Type: blogs

Meta-analysis finds sustained benefits of neurofeedback for kids with ADHD
___ In neurofeedback treatment for ADHD, individuals learn to alter their typical pattern of brainwave activity, i.e., EEG activity, to one that is consistent with a focused and attentive state. This is done by collecting EEG data from individuals as they focus on stimuli presented on a computer screen. Their ability to control the stimuli, e.g., keeping the smile on a smiley face keeping a video playing, depends on their maintaining an EEG state that reflects focused attention. Over time, most individuals better at this. Supporters of neurofeedback argue that learning to alter EEG activity and focus better during training...
Source: SharpBrains - July 3, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Dr. David Rabiner Tags: Attention and ADD/ADHD Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness Technology ADHD-symptoms brainwave EEG activity meta-analysis Neurofeedback training Source Type: blogs

Update: 200 common prescription medications increase depression risk
___ Dear reader, Time for SharpBrains e-newsletter. It’s been a busy month, once again bringing to the forefront the limitations of our current healthcare system and, on the positive side, the growing opportunities to improve Brain Health and Mental Health for all, if we pay attention to (and act on) latest research, thinking and tools. New research: When Healthcare ignores Mental Health: 200 common prescription medications increase depression risk Report finds only 35% of Canadian youth get the physical activity recommended for brain health Study finds training-induced neuroplasticity even in patients with chronic...
Source: SharpBrains - June 28, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology brain-enhancement Brain-health Brain-Plasticity Calm depression risk Dreem FDA gamification Headspace healthcare Mental-Health mind-teasers MindMaze neuroplascitiy optic Source Type: blogs

Sleep-focused neurotech firm Dreem raises $35M from Johnson & Johnson Innovation and Bpifrance
___ Dreem Announces $35 Million Financing from lead investors Johnson & Johnson Innovation and Bpifrance (press release): “Dreem, a neurotechnology company, today announced the closing of a new round of funding, raising $35 million USD to rapidly accelerate product development, invest in strategic research and development, and advance the future of sleep technology. Last year, Dreem introduced a comprehensive solution to address a suite of sleep problems and enhance the quality of rest during the night. The Dreem headband monitors brain activity to track sleep accurately and uses auditory stimulation as a medium ...
Source: SharpBrains - June 27, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology Bpifrance Dreem Johnson & Johnson Innovation neurotech Neurotechnology sleep technology Source Type: blogs

Want to feel more Calm, get some Headspace, and practice Mindfulness Daily?
This study was the first to show that a brief two-week mindfulness training app can change a person’s biological response to stress,” says lead author Emily K. Lindsay, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Pittsburgh. When we learn acceptance, she and her colleagues explain, we may be better able to acknowledge but disengage from difficult experiences—like cringe-worthy judgment from others. This study suggests that the benefits of mindfulness aren’t just from improved attention, but from the gentle, nurturing attitude we cultivate toward ourselves. Mindfulness apps under the microscope Less s...
Source: SharpBrains - June 25, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Greater Good Magazine Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness Peak Performance Technology brain-training-app Calm digital Headspace Lumosity meditation mindfulness mindfulness apps Mindfulness Daily mindfulness-based Source Type: blogs

Report finds only 35% of Canadian youth get the physical activity recommended for brain health
___ Getting kids outside and active could help with brain health: Participaction report (The Globe and Mail): “The physical benefits of kids leading an active lifestyle, including better heart health and a decreased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, are well known. But a growing body of research suggests there are significant mental benefits as well, whether it’s lowering stress levels or helping to treat anxiety and depression. A new report released by Participaction on Tuesday draws attention to this link, and by doing so, hopes to encourage kids in Canada to get moving more. The Report Card on Physical Act...
Source: SharpBrains - June 22, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness anxiety brain-function Brain-health Canada depression diabetes heart heart health improve-cognition lifestyle mental benefits Mental-Health stress-levels Source Type: blogs

Here ’s a landscape of new ideas harnessing digital tech to upgrade cognitive and mental healthcare
Digital Mental Health: the Hurt, the Hype, the Hope + Brainnovations Session 1 from SharpBrains We hope you enjoy this slidedeck supporting great forward-looking ideas shared by pioneers at Mindstrong Health, Savonix, HealthTech Connex and NeuraMetrix during the 2017 SharpBrains Virtual Summit (December 5–7th, 2017). And please learn more and consider reserving your spot @ 2018 SharpBrains Virtual Summit: Investing in Brain Health for All (December 4–6th, 2018). (Source: SharpBrains)
Source: SharpBrains - June 20, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: SharpBrains Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology HealthTech Connex Mindstrong Health NeuraMetrix Savonix Source Type: blogs