Plan to get more bikes on road wobbles as UK tackles obesity

A plan by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to get more Britons cycling has got off to a rocky start, with a website offering bicycle repair vouchers crashing at launch
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

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In this study, we examined the effects of oxytocin on the Aβ-induced impairment of synaptic plasticity in mice. To investigate the effect of oxytocin on synaptic plasticity, we prepared acute hippocampal slices for extracellular recording and assessed long-term potentiation (LTP) with perfusion of the Aβ active fragment (Aβ25-35) in the absence and presence of oxytocin. We found that oxytocin reversed the impairment of LTP induced by Aβ25-35 perfusion in the mouse hippocampus. These effects were blocked by pretreatment with the selective oxytocin receptor antagonist L-368,899. Furthermore, the tr...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract BACKGROUND: Inflammation and mechanical demands play a role in the development of tendon conditions and the dysregulation of tendon healing. In patients with obesity, high levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and a high mechanical demand promote chronic low-grade inflammation. Although controversial results have been reported, we aimed to summarize current evidence while highlighting the role of obesity in tendinopathy. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Do patients with obesity have a greater risk of tendinopathy, stratified by upper and lower extremity sites, than patients who do not have obesity? (2) Is obes...
Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clin Orthop Relat Res Source Type: research
Authors: Mendy VL, Vargas R, Ogungbe O, Zhang L Abstract In 2017, Mississippi had the third highest age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension in the United States. We estimated the prevalence of hypertension by sociodemographic characteristics and occupation and examined the association between hypertension with occupation and sociodemographic characteristics among Mississippi workers. We calculated adjusted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs) by sociodemographic characteristics and occupation among Mississippi adult workers. We analyzed combined 2013, 2015, and 2017 data from the Mississippi Behavioral ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research
In this study, we applied a well studied prediction model developed on data from five CpG sites, to increase the practicability of these tests. We have determined the biological age of the heart, specifically of the right atrium (RA) and left atrium (LA), and of peripheral blood leucocytes, by measuring the mitotic telomere length (TL) and the non-mitotic epigenetic age (DNAmAge). We found that DNAmAge, of both atrial tissues (RA and LA), was younger in respect to the chronological age (-12 years). Furthermore, no significant difference existed between RA and LA, suggesting that, although anatomically diverse and ex...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionLeak after sleeve gastrectomy can be difficult to manage. Chronic leaks do not respond well to non-operative management. Partial gastrectomy with Roux-En-Y reconstruction is a technically challenging option with good results.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study was the first to demonstrate a causal relationship between glial senescence and neurodegeneration. In this study, accumulations of senescent astrocytes and microglia were found in tau-associated neurodegenerative disease model mice. Elimination of these senescent cells via a genetic approach can reduce tau deposition and prevent the degeneration of cortical and hippocampal neurons. Most recently, it was shown that clearance of senescent oligodendrocyte progenitor cells in AD model mice with senolytic agents could lessen the Aβ plaque load, reduce neuroinflammation, and ameliorate cognitive deficits. ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionWe have identified risk factors for TEPW use following cardiac surgery and in isolated procedure subgroups. These risk factors may help guide selective TEPW placement.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
In conclusion, sitting for prolonged periods of time without interruption is unfavorably associated with DBP and HDL cholesterol. Exercise Slows Inappropriate Growth of Blood Vessels in a Mouse Model of Macular Degeneration Excessive growth of blood vessels beneath the retina is a proximate cause of blindness in conditions such as macular degeneration. Researchers here provide evidence for physical activity to be influential in the pace at which this process of tissue...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is nowadays the most popular bariatric procedure performed for treatment of obesity (1). One of the potential early complication is the gastric leak (2), which remains difficult to be treated especially if it is located in the upper segment of the stomach. The early gastric leak is usually treated by endoscopy with successful results in 67,1-92 % of the cases (3). The endoscopic treatments consist in the placement of self-expanding stents, over-the-scope clips (OTSC), or fibrin glue (3), or to perform endoscopic septotomy (4) or to finally create an endoscopic fistula-jejunostomy (5).
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: VIDEO CASE REPORT Source Type: research
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for morbid obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) 1. Despite majority of patients with resolution of GERD after RYGB, some patients will continue to complain of significant, persistent reflux symptomatology or develop de novo symptoms despite aggressive medical management. It ’s true incidence is unknown and one study showed an improvement in GERD but not resolution in 22% of patients after RYGB with GERD2. Possible mechanisms may include primary lower esophageal sphincter incompetence, disruption of the angle of His or development of hiatal hernia...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: VIDEO CASE REPORT Source Type: research
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