Peripheral Vascular Imaging Focusing on Nonatherosclerotic Disease.

Peripheral Vascular Imaging Focusing on Nonatherosclerotic Disease. Radiol Clin North Am. 2020 Jul;58(4):831-839 Authors: François CJ Abstract A variety of nonatherosclerotic diseases affect the arteries of the pelvis and lower extremities. Chronic repetitive traumatic conditions, such as popliteal entrapment and external iliac artery fibroelastosis, vasculitis and connective tissue diseases, and noninflammatory vascular diseases, are a few of the more commonly encountered nonatherosclerotic peripheral vascular diseases. Ultrasound, computed tomography angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography are essential in the initial assessment and management of patients with peripheral vascular disease. PMID: 32471547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

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A variety of nonatherosclerotic diseases affect the arteries of the pelvis and lower extremities. Chronic repetitive traumatic conditions, such as popliteal entrapment and external iliac artery fibroelastosis, vasculitis and connective tissue diseases, and noninflammatory vascular diseases, are a few of the more commonly encountered nonatherosclerotic peripheral vascular diseases. Ultrasound, computed tomography angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography are essential in the initial assessment and management of patients with peripheral vascular disease.
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: AAV have a significantly increased risk of mortality, ischemic stroke, and coronary artery disease. PMID: 30236485 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Autoimmunity - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: J Autoimmun Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study underlines the relevance of a systematic screening of multimorbidities in chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases and its feasibility in a 1-day clinic. Spirometry and sleep apnea screening should be added to EULAR points to consider. The long-term impact of such screening needs to be evaluated.
Source: Joint Bone Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Abstract: A 65-year-old woman with history of sarcoidosis, hypertension, and peripheral vascular disease presented with lower extremity claudication and low left ventricular ejection fraction of 45% on echocardiogram. Further FDG PET/CT revealed hypermetabolic bilateral chest lymphadenopathy and pulmonary nodules in a butterfly-shaped distribution pattern, which was typically seen in patients with sarcoidosis. In addition, abnormal increased radiotracer uptake was present in pericardium, and along the walls of inferior vena cava, aorta, and pulmonary artery, which correlated with delayed enhancement on further cardiac MRI....
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
Background Kawasaki disease (KD) is a pediatric vasculitis with coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) as a major complication. Controversy exists about cardiovascular risk later in life. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether KD patients are at increased risk, as assessed by carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT). Methods and Results We measured cIMT over 15 years by B-mode ultrasonography in KD patients during follow-up and in unaffected controls (mostly siblings). A multilevel, repeated-measures, linear mixed-effects model was used to evaluate the association between KD and cIMT. A total of 319 patients with 528 meas...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Pediatrics, Coronary Artery Disease, Peripheral Vascular Disease Pediatric Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract CT angiography (CTA) of the lower extremities is an important and versatile, noninvasive tool for diagnosis as well as surgical or endovascular interventional planning. Although lower extremity CTA is most commonly performed in patients with peripheral artery disease or trauma affecting the lower extremities, it also plays a role in the workup of nonischemic etiologies such as vasculitis, aneurysms, and congenital vascular malformations. CT scan protocols should adjust bolus timing and multiphasic imaging to account for the clinical question of interest, and 3-dimensional postprocessing plays an important...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research
CT angiography (CTA) of the lower extremities is an important and versatile, noninvasive tool for diagnosis as well as surgical or endovascular interventional planning. Although lower extremity CTA is most commonly performed in patients with peripheral artery disease or trauma affecting the lower extremities, it also plays a role in the workup of nonischemic etiologies such as vasculitis, aneurysms, and congenital vascular malformations. CT scan protocols should adjust bolus timing and multiphasic imaging to account for the clinical question of interest, and 3-dimensional postprocessing plays an important role in the visua...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
This report supports the idea that periodic mechanical stimulus is of great importance for the healing process and this could be the mechanism of action of some other methods that have been described in the medical literature.
Source: The International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
We report here a unique case of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) triggered by T. canis infection. An 8‐year‐old girl was treated with albendazole therapy for common toxocariasis, but she developed two weeks later, asthenia, fever, infiltrated maculopapular eruption of the face, peripheral vascular disease with necrosis of the fingers and inflammatory anemia with proteinuria. Anti‐nuclear, anti‐DNA and anti‐Sm antibodies positivity, together with minimal change nephritis with mesangial exclusive IgM deposit on renal biopsy and clinical relapse after initially successful steroid therapy, led to the diagnosis of S...
Source: Pediatrics International - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Patient Report Source Type: research
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