Short-term improvements in cognitive function following vertical sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en Y gastric bypass: a direct comparison study

ConclusionsThis is the first report of cognitive improvements following VSG and the first direct comparison of cognitive improvements following RYGB and VSG. Short-term improvements in specific domains of cognitive function are observed at the beginning of the active weight loss phase following bariatric surgery that persisted to 3  months. The anatomical distinction between the two surgeries and resulting differential metabolic profiles may be responsible for the improvements in attention observed following RYGB but not following VSG.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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ConclusionsIntraluminal indocyanine green is an alternative for intraoperative detection of staple line integrity during bariatric surgical procedures with comparable specificity to intraoperative gastroscopy.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The global obesity epidemic over the past decade has led to the development of several surgical therapeutic options for severe obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 40 kg/m2.1 Patients with BMI of 35 to 39.9 kg/m2 with an obesity-related comorbidity such as diabetes or hypertension and patients with a BMI of>30 kg/m2 and metabolic syndrome, or difficult-to-control diabetes, are also suitable for bariatric surgical procedures.1 Bariatric surgical procedures can be classified into restrictive procedures such as sleeve gastrectomy, malabsorptive procedures such as jejunoileal bypass and biliopancreatic diversion, ...
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
ConclusionsForegut pathology is common in bariatric patients with subjective symptoms of GERD. Implementing a comprehensive protocol to objectively assess these patients leads to a significant clinical impact on which procedure these patients ultimately undergo.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study included patients who underwent primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The primary outcome of interest was incisional SSI occurring within 30  days. Surgeries performed in 2015 were used in a derivation cohort and the predictive tool was validated against the 2016 cohort. A forward selection algorithm was used to build a logistic regression model predicting probability of SSI.ResultsA total of 274,187 patients were included with 71.7% being LSG and 28.3% LRYGB. 0.7% of patients had a SSI in which 71.0% had an incisional SSI, and 29.9% had an organ/spa...
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveTo evaluate the impact of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients with obesity.MethodsPatients with class II or III obesity were treated with LSG or LRYGB. Procedure choice was based on patients and surgeon preferences. GERD symptoms, endoscopy, barium swallow X-ray, esophageal manometry, and 24-h pH monitoring were obtained before and 1 year after surgery.ResultsSeventy-five patients underwent surgery (83% female, 39.3 ± 12.1 years, BMI of 41.5 ± 5.1 kg/m2): 35 (46.7%) had LSG and 40 (53.3%) ...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewBariatric surgery and endoluminal bariatric therapies (EBTs) form an increasingly utilized therapeutic approach to treat obese patients but may worsen gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In this updated article, we review the evidence on the effects of bariatric procedures on GERD.FindingsRecent evidence implicates sleeve gastrectomy with the highest rates of de novo GERD and Barrett ’s esophagus (BE), whereas malabsorptive-restrictive procedures such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) were shown to have significantly lower reported rates. The int...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsCholelithiasis after SG and OAGB was higher than GCP. %EWL was rapid and higher in OAGB and SG contributing to the higher rate of symptomatic cholelithiasis and could be predictive for post-bariatric cholelithiasis. A 6-month use of UDCA is an effective prophylaxis decreasing gallstone formation after bariatric surgery at short-term follow-up.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionBariatric surgery is increasingly performed. Since there are numerous surgical techniques, the effects of these on the esophageal function are still poorly understood. We aimed at assessing the effect of different techniques on esophagogastric junction (EGJ), esophageal peristalsis and reflux exposure using high-resolution manometry (HRM), and impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH).MethodsAll obese patients underwent symptomatic questionnaires, endoscopy, HRM, and MII-pH before and 1  year after surgery. Esophageal function and EGJ were classified according to Chicago Classification V. 3.0. Intragastric ...
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Obesity is a public health pandemic and leading contributor to morbidity and mortality. Endoscopic bariatric therapies have emerged as a viable minimally invasive treatment option to fill the therapeutic gap between conservative and surgical approaches. The ability to reliably place full-thickness sutures throughout the gastrointestinal tract has opened the door to novel endoscopic gastric restrictive procedures. A growing body of literature supports endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty as a safe, effective, and reproducible endoscopic treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome. In addition, endoscopic sutured revision procedur...
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Obesity is a global health epidemic with considerable economic burden. Surgical solutions have become increasingly popular following technical advances leading to sustained efficacy and reduced risk. Sleeve gastrectomy accounts for almost half of all bariatric surgeries worldwide but concerns regarding its relationship with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been a topic of debate. GERD, including erosive esophagitis, is highly prevalent in the obese population. The role of pre-operative endoscopy in bariatric surgery has been controversial. Two schools of thought exist on the matter, one that bel...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
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