Evaluation of the effectiveness of different preservation techniques on the inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes by using challenge testing protocol in the fresh, soft cheese - paneer

Publication date: Available online 31 March 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Varalakshmi S, Sarah Leysen
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research

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We report herein a case of bloodstream infection due to LM in a 25-year-old woman with MS treated with alemtuzumab. We searched the UMC/WHO Vigibase system for all reported cases of LM in patients treated with alemtuzumab and found 29 cases overall up to 21 July 2019. We also performed a literature review of MS cases with LM on alemtuzumab, in order to evaluate epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and outcome of this complication. Since the published cases (N=8) were mainly reported in recent years but more cases were found in the UMC/WHO Vigibase system (although not necessarily in patients with MS), we hypothesize tha...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Alberto Garre, Marcel H. Zwietering, Heidy M.W. den Besten
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
In this study, rapid phosphorylation of ERK1/2 on Caco-2 cells caused by Listeria infection was demonstrated to be highly dependent on LLO activity. The effect could be strongly induced by adding purified recombinant LLO alone and could be inhibited by exogenous cholesterol. Lack of the PEST sequence, known to tightly control cytotoxicity of LLO, did not affect ERK1/2 activation. However, the recombinant non-cytolytic LLOT515AL516A, with mutations in the cholesterol-binding motif, was unable to trigger this response. Recombinant LLON478AV479A, which lacks most of the cytolytic activity, also failed to activate ERK1/2 phosp...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Here we report a sensing method for Listeria monocytogenes based on the agglutination of all-liquid Janus emulsions. This two-dye assay enables the rapid detection of trace Listeria in less than 2 h via an emissive signal produced in response to Listeria binding. The biorecognition interface between the Janus emulsions is...
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Physical Sciences Source Type: research
tos C Abstract This work reports the development of an electrochemical immunosensor for rapid, specific and decentralized detection of the invasion-associated protein p60 secreted by Listeria monocytogenes, a life-threatening foodborne pathogen. A disposable screen-printed electrode was used as transducer surface and monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies that specifically recognize Listeria monocytogenes p60 protein and Listeria spp. p60 proteins, respectively, were used as the sandwich immuno-pair. The reaction was detected with the aid of an additional secondary antibody conjugated with the enzyme reporter (alkal...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2020Source: Journal of Food EngineeringAuthor(s): Sumeyye Inanoglu, Gustavo V. Barbosa-Cánovas, Juhi Patel, Mei-Jun Zhu, Frank Liu, Zhongwei Tang, Juming Tang
Source: Journal of Food Engineering - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Programmed cell death plays crucial roles in organismal development and host defense. Recent studies have highlighted mechanistic overlaps and extensive, multifaceted crosstalk between pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necroptosis, three programmed cell death pathways traditionally considered autonomous. The growing body of evidence, in conjunction with the identification of molecules controlling the concomitant activation of all three pathways by pathological triggers, has led to the development of the concept of PANoptosis. During PANoptosis, inflammatory cell death occurs through the collective activation of pyroptosis, apopto...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Whole genome sequencing (WGS) analyses have been instrumental in traceback investigations of Listeria monocytogenes (Lm). To demonstrate how long-read sequencing analysis can capture and describe relationships among isolates from clinical, food, and environmental sources, we analyzed 366 long-read- and shotgun-sequenced isolates from 16 Lm outbreak strains associated with cantaloupe, leafy green, stone fruit, caramel apple, mung bean sprout, multiple cheese products, multiple ice cream products, and their production environments. The analyses demonstrated that outbreak strains could be distributed in different areas and zo...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Microbial communities are continuously exposed to the arrival of alien species. In complex environments such as soil, the success of invasion depends on the characteristics of the habitat, especially the diversity and structure of the residing bacterial communities. While most data available on microbial invasion relies on experiments run under constant conditions, the fate of invading species when the habitat faces disturbances has not yet been addressed. Here, we designed experiments to assess the consequences of habitat disturbance on the success of ongoing microbial invasion. We investigated (i) if disturbance-induced ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the centesimal composition and physicochemical characteristics of the pulp and seed of S. cumini (L.) Skeels, as well as the content of total phenolic compounds and the antioxidant, antibacterial, antibiofilm and anti-quorum sensing (QS) activities of the phenolic extracts obtained from the pulp and the seeds of this fruit. The in vitro antibacterial and anti-QS activities of active films incorporating phenolic extracts were also evaluated. Additionally, we performed molecular docking of phenolic compounds present in jambolan with the CviR QS regulator of Chromobacterium violaceum. The composi...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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