The asymptomatic octogenarian and carotid endarterectomy —While we await the results of CREST-2
Currently there is no definitive level I evidence regarding the appropriate management of asymptomatic moderate to severe carotid artery stenosis in the octogenarian patient. In this 5-year review of National Surgical Quality Improvement Program registry data, exceptional “real-world” results are reported with use of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in this growing cohort.1 The combined stroke and death rate was 2% at 30-day follow-up (stroke rate 1%!), with the authors stating that “age alone should not interdict this modality.”
CONCLUSIONS: A similar risk for periprocedural MI between CEA and CAS in NRCSs suggested that concerns about periprocedural MI accompanied by CEA might not matter in real-world practice when preoperative evaluation and management are working. Maybe the benefits of CAS over MT have been overestimated considering advances in medical therapy within10-year gap between CEA-versus-MT and CEA-versus-CAS studies. PMID: 32096354 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
LH Abstract BACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenting is an alternative to carotid endarterectomy for the treatment of atherosclerotic carotid artery stenosis. This review updates a previous version first published in 1997 and subsequently updated in 2004, 2007, and 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and risks of stenting compared with endarterectomy in people with symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid stenosis. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (last searched August 2018) and the following databases: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and Science Citation Index to August 2018. ...
This study evaluates pupillary changes after these procedures using automated pupillometry.
In this study, we explored the association between the unstable plaques and preoperative CKD in patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy (CEA)/carotid artery stenting (CAS). Furthermore, this study also aimed to explore whether there is a difference in the aggravation of renal function with the presence of stable or unstable plaques. Patients and Methods: The study included 90 patients who underwent CEA/CAS for carotid artery stenosis.
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a proven intervention for stroke risk reduction in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. High-risk patients are often offered carotid stenting to minimize risk and to optimize outcomes. As a referral center for high-risk patients, we sought to evaluate and to analyze our experience with high-risk CEA patients.
The objective of the current study was to define the annual surgeon volume of CEAs that is associated with a lower risk of stroke or death rate.
This study investigates the prognostic significance of pre-operative symptom status and type of symptom in outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: This review was conducted and reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) to identify studies reporting peri-operative outcomes of CEA in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. The last search was conducted in August 2019 and a methodological assessment was performed using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale. A meta-analysis of outcome data using the odds ratio (OR) as the summary statistic was conducted, ...
We examined the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Adult Cardiac Surgery Database to evaluate the association of combined carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with postoperative outcomes.
Whereas bleeding complications requiring a return to the operating room (OR) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) are infrequent (1%), they are associated with an increased 30-day combined postoperative stroke or death rate. Drain placement after CEA varies among vascular surgeons, and there are limited data to support the practice. The goal of this study was to evaluate factors leading to drain placement and the effect of drains on postoperative outcomes including return to OR for bleeding, stroke, and death.
Background: Complete removal of the distal end of the plaque is an important requirement in carotid endarterectomy (CEA) to avoid postoperative complication. Preoperative identification of the distal end of plaque contributes to complete plaque removal. Three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) plaque imaging has been widely used to evaluate carotid plaque characterization. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether preoperative 3D fast spin echo (FSE) T1-weighted MR plaque imaging could identify the distal end of carotid plaque.