An unusual orbital emphysema.
[An unusual orbital emphysema]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2020 Jan 13;: Authors: Rivet A, Fabre A, Schwartz C, Delbosc B, Gauthier AS PMID: 31948689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionNon-emphysematous gas trapping in the upper and lower lobes has a distinct physiological effect, especially in COPD with minimal emphysema. This local evaluation might allow sensitive detection of changes in lung hyperinflation in COPD.
Volume 48, Issue 1, December 2020, Page 656-663 .
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2020Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Kylie B.R. Belchamber, Louise E. DonnellyAbstractChronic pulmonary conditions now account for 1 in 15 deaths in the US and mortality is increasing. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is due to become the 3rd largest cause of mortality by 2030 and mortality from other respiratory conditions such as asthma, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and cystic fibrosis are not reducing. There is an urgent need for novel therapies to address this problem as many of the current strategies targeting inflammation are not sufficient. ...
ConclusionsThe use of a microwave surgical instrument for lung parenchymal dissection was associated with lower blood loss during surgery, reduced air leakage after surgery, and fewer postoperative complications.
ConclusionRadiological findings of particular interest included the high burden of opacities observed and the presence of RCS ‐associated features in the majority of subjects. Radiologists are at the front line in occupational lung disease screening/diagnosis and must be aware of the imaging spectrum.
α1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a hereditary disorder associated with a risk of developing liver disease and pulmonary emphysema, and other chronic respiratory disorders (mainly asthma and bronchiectasis); Z variant is the commonest deficient variant of AAT. Determining AAT concentration in serum or plasma and identifying allelic variants by phenotyping or genotyping are fundamental in the diagnosis of AATD. Initial evaluation and annual follow-up measurement of lung function, including post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s and gas transfer inform on disease progression. Lung densitometry is th...
Publication date: Available online 9 February 2020Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Nina Järvelä Johansen, Ole Hilberg, Anders LøkkeAbstractA 50-year-old former smoker presented with recurrent pneumonia, fever and atypical chest pain on and off for a year and was treated with antibiotics several times. Meanwhile, her lung function deteriorated with an obstructive pattern and therefore she was treated with inhalation medication without effect. Tests of the heart, bronchoscopy, gastroscopy and a CT-scan of the lungs did not reveal the cause. Finally, an FDG-PET scan showed inflammation of t...
Diagnosing potentially life-threating trachea injuries is usually troublesome as they are often part of a polytrauma scenario . Symptoms related to this injury include pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, respiratory difficulties, hoarseness, rattled breathing and haemoptoe. The purpose of the study was to analyze the role of bronchoscopy in patients where non-foreign body tracheal injury occurred.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of a microwave surgical instrument for lung parenchymal dissection was associated with lower blood loss during surgery, reduced air leakage after surgery, and fewer postoperative complications. PMID: 32057812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsSite of the resected lobe in lung cancer is not a prognostic factor of surgical mortality and morbidity in patients with IIPs. However, the impact of upper lobectomy on postoperative respiratory function reduction is larger than lower lobectomy in non-CPFE patients.