Artificial lung to remove carbon dioxide from smokestacks and other highlights from the American Chemical Society

The amazingly efficient lungs of birds and the swim bladders of fish have become the inspiration for a new filtering system to remove carbon dioxide from electric power station smokestacks before the main greenhouse gas can billow into the atmosphere and contribute to global climate change. A report on the new technology, more efficient than some alternatives, is on the agenda today at the 246th National Meeting &Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world's largest scientific society...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Water - Air Quality / Agriculture Source Type: news

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In conclusion, this is the first report to show that pyroptotic cell death occurs in the aging brain and that the inflammasome can be a viable target to decrease the oxidative stress that occurs as a result of aging. Reducing Levels of Protein Manufacture Slows Measures of Aging in Nematodes https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/12/reducing-levels-of-protein-manufacture-slows-measures-of-aging-in-nematodes/ Researchers here demonstrate that an antibiotic slows aging in nematode worms, providing evidence for it to work through a reduction in protein synthesis. Beyond a slowing of aging, one of the con...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, the transport mechanism of furosemide (FUR), which is transported by the same novel mechanism, was examined. In vitro cell permeation studies under air-interface conditions (AICs) revealed that the permeation from powders sprayed on cell monolayers was significantly higher than that under liquid-covered conditions (LCCs) from their solutions. The permeation from amorphous solid particles was faster than that from crystals. Similar results were derived from in vitro studies using an artificial membrane, with which the permeation of FUR could be examined without water. These findings clearly indicated that the...
Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biol Pharm Bull Source Type: research
Heart transplantation is the definitive treatment for end-stage heart failure. A shortage of donor hearts forced transplant programs to accept older donors and longer ischemic times. Previous studies have suggested that the administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) or their conditioned medium (CM) protects the heart against ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). We hypothesized that the preservation of donor hearts with a CM would protect the graft from IRI after prolonged storage in 15-month-old rats and investigated mRNA-changes attributable to CM.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Pre-Clinical Science Source Type: research
Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) affects over 50% of lung transplant recipients (LTR) by five years and remains the primary reason for graft failure 1. It has been increasingly recognized that CLAD is a heterogeneous diagnosis with variable prognosis and different phenotypes: bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) and restrictive allograft syndrome (RAS). Precise diagnosis of CLAD remains difficult: There are no clinically-validated biomarkers, and diagnosis can be subjective, hinging on the correct interpretation of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) coupled with exclusion of clinical confounders.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: RESEARCH CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research
The added value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in the follow-up of patients with stable pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains undefined.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Clinical Science Source Type: research
Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) is a major cause of post-lung transplant mortality with limited medical treatment options. We assessed the association of montelukast treatment with pulmonary function and outcome in lung transplant recipients with progressive CLAD.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Right ventricular failure (RVF) is still associated with an increased mortality in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) or congenital heart disease. Transition from right ventricular dysfunction to RVF is not predictable and has not been well understood so far. Several studies in rodents and in piglets showed that impairment of capillary density (CD) in the right ventricle (RV) is associated with right ventricular failure (1, 2). Some evidence suggested that the RV of patients with Eisenmenger Syndrome (ES) has remarkable adaptive capacities to high pulmonary pressures (3), leading to a longer survival in these patien...
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Research Correspondence Source Type: research
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: IMAGES IN CARDIAC SURGERY Source Type: research
The outcome of second solid cancers following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is strongly related to cancer type, with pancreatic and lung cancer being among those with the poorest outcome, according to European researchers.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medscape Today News Source Type: news
Authors: Jeny F, Brillet PY, Kim YW, Freynet O, Nunes H, Valeyre D Abstract INTRODUCTION: High resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has revolutionized the diagnosis, prognosis, and in some cases the prediction of therapeutic response in interstitial lung disease (ILD). HRCT represents an essential second step to a patient's clinical history, before considering any other investigation, including lung biopsy. Areas covered: This review describes the current place of HRCT in the diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring of ILD. It also lists some perspectives for the near future. Expert commentary: Since the 1980s, HRCT an...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
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