Three-dimensional upper-airway assessment in patients with bronchial asthma.

Conclusions: Bronchial asthma may be a determining factor for the reduction of UAW dimensions, as patients with asthma showed significant reductions in TV and ONA dimensions. PMID: 23987239 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Angle Orthodontist - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Angle Orthod Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, we found the histopathological and radiographic evidence of osteogenesis using a previously established murine eosinophilic CRS NP model. This animal model could provide new insights into the pathophysiology of neo-osteogenesis and provide a basis for developing new therapeutics. PMID: 32009324 [PubMed]
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous group of disorders, characterized by recurrent upper and lower respiratory tract infections and some non-infectious clinical complications. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to provide a detailed evaluation of respiratory presentations and complications in a cohort of Iranian patients with CVID. METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study was conducted on 245 CVID patients who were recorded at the Iranian primary immunodeficiency disorders registry network. Respiratory manifestations were evaluated by reviewing clinical ...
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol Source Type: research
Abstract AIM: The aim of our study was to assess any association between ICS use and tracheobronchomalacia (TBM). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis on asthma and COPD patients with and without TBM. Patients were diagnosed with TBM on the basis of CT scan, flexible bronchoscopy or both. Patients were deemed to be on ICS if they were on treatment for at least 3 months. Simple logistic regression models were used to assess the association between TBM status and each proposed factor. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to assess the association between TBM and steroid dose. RESULT...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
Approximately 75 million computed tomography (CT) scans are performed with radiocontrast media (RCM) annually1 and IgE-mediated immediate hypersensitivity reactions to nonionic RCM have been reported in 0.7 to 3% of patients2. Pretreatment with prednisone and diphenhydramine has significantly reduced immediate generalized reactions to RCM3. Recently, studies suggest that skin testing can support the diagnosis of an IgE-mediated reaction to RCM and can also help guide selection of an alternative RCM if subsequent RCM exposure is anticipated1,2.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Letters Source Type: research
A 78-Year-Old Man With Repeated Dyspnea and Neutrophilia in Peripheral Blood and BAL. Chest. 2020 Jan;157(1):e17-e20 Authors: Nakamatsu E, Morita T, Morishima A, Tagawa H, Furukawa M, Matsushita M, Yamane H Abstract CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old man with asthma and COPD presented with shortness of breath, cough, and severe malaise for 4 days. Upon arrival, the patient was conscious and body temperature was 37.5°C. Arterial oxygen saturation (Spo2) was 80% on room air. Laboratory data demonstrated a WBC count of 17,400/μL (89.5% neutrophils) and C-reactive protein of 5.00&...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
Conclusion: This position statement provides practical guidance regarding patient selection and the technical performance of BT for severe asthma.
Source: Lung India - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
We present a 48 year-old active duty physician who initially presented in 2007 with dyspnea and cough. Despite the absence of variable obstruction on spirometry, a clinical diagnosis of asthma was made. The patient's symptoms were temporized with inhaled corticosteroids and bronchodilators, titrated to his symptoms, until eventual therapeutic failure resulted in re-referral to pulmonary. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed ground-glass nodules and patchy airspace opacities with evidence of thoracic lymphadenopathy. A positron emission tomography CT (PET CT) showed diffuse adenopathy throughout his thorax and abdomen with...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respir Med Case Rep Source Type: research
Conclusion: Adult PBB is a distinct disease entity representing a precursor to overt bronchiectasis in some patients.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections Source Type: research
Conclusion: Awareness and identification of CVID associated respiratory abnormalities may guide therapy and improve prognosis.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sarcoidosis and other granulomatous ILD/DPLD Source Type: research
Conclusions: AATD patients with BC seem to have a higher exacerbations burden, a poorer pulmonary function at diagnosis, a greater FEV1 decline and lower survival than non-BC patients, although no statistical significance was achieved in any of the performed analyses.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Monitoring airway disease Source Type: research
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