Dynamic microstructural changes in alveolar bone in ligature ‐induced experimental periodontitis
This study used a ligature ‐induced experimental periodontitis model to observe the kinetic process of microstructural changes in alveolar bone and introduced star volume analysis as a new methodology to assess microstructural changes. Thirty Wistar rats were used. To induce experimental periodontitis, ligatures were placed around the maxillary first molar. Rats were euthanized on days 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 after ligature placement. In addition to using hematoxylin and eosin staining, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)/alkaline phosphatase (ALP) double staining, and micro-computed tomography were performed to analyze bone remodeling. From day 0 to day 7 (initiation phase), the model showed predominant inflammation with increased numbers of TRAP-positive cells, while ALP expression decreased. In contrast, from day 14 to day 28 (resolution phase), inflammatory cells and TRAP-positive cells decreased, wher eas ALP expression recovered to levels comparable to that on day 0. Regarding microstructure parameters, in the initiation phase, bone volume fraction, bone mineral density, trabecular thickness, and star volume of the trabeculae decreased significantly, whereas trabecular separation and star volume of the marrow space increased significantly, indicating bone resorption. In the resolution phase, microstructure parameters normalized, indicated bone formation. We confirmed dynamic alveolar bone remodeling in ligature-induced periodontitis in rats. Furthermore, we asse...
CONCLUSIONS: Absolok® clips are a valid alternative to Hem-o-Lok® clips to secure blood vessels at the level of tumor bed and to perform a sliding-clip renorrhaphy in patients who underwent open or robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. PMID: 31833724 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsOccult nodal disease was frequently identified in peripheral N1 stations (11-13) in patients with small (≤2 cm) clinical N0 NSCLC. Hilar lymphadenectomy is essential for accurate staging in the management of patients with small clinical N0 NSCLC.
ConclusionsWe established a novel formula to mathematically calculate actual 3D angles between inflow cannula and device body of HeartMate II. The formula would help investigators to validate their findings of the relationship between 2D projected angle (from CXR) and device thrombosis.
This study suggests that fissures can provide a pathway for microorganisms to enter the dentinal tubules, potentially resulting in local pulpal inflammation. It appears that in healthy teeth, vital odontoblasts react by producing reactionary (tertiary) dentin, which lacks patent tubules and thus provides a proper seal.
ConclusionsIVC reconstruction is a safe option for patients requiring IVC resection during oncologic surgery as evidenced by 1-year survival of 75% and 1-year primary patency approaching 90%. The overall rate of postoperative thrombus development was low and similar across all groups. In the management of primary and secondary retroperitoneal malignant disease with IVC infiltration, IVC reconstruction should be considered to achieve appropriate oncologic resection while minimizing possible complications from caval interruption.
ConclusionGiant hydronephrosis can present rare symptoms as “intractable hiccups”. The selection of treatment should be made depending on the cause.
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Yi-Han Jhuang, Chieh-Wen LinAbstractThe incidence of lymphangioma is about 0.18%. The 95% of lymphangioma located in the head, neck and axilla. Colonic lymphangioma is even rare and represented in less than 1% of all lymphatic malformations. Therefore, it is difficult for preoperative diagnosis and histological examination might be necessary for conclusive diagnosis. Even the symptoms might be relieved by conservative treatment, but complete surgical resection might be a good choice for colonic lymphangioma accord...
We present the case of an asymptomatic woman, a chronic heavy smoker, who presented with an incidental lung mass and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Bronchoscopy with transbronchial biopsy and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration did not show malignancy. A positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan showed increased uptake with a standardized uptake value of 26.4 in the mediastinal lymph node and an additional hypermetabolic right supraclavicular lymph node. Surgical biopsy of the supraclavicular node revealed non-necrotizing granuloma. Discussion of the clinical dilemma is provided.
ConclusionsDECT predicted vascular density with lower radiation exposure compared to PCT. DECT could potentially replace PCT for evaluating the vascularity of meningiomas.
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Alexander Waldthaler, Marcus Reuterwall-Hansson, Urban Arnelo, Nils KadesjöAbstractPurposeTo evaluate the practical and radiation safety considerations in utilization of 3-D imaging through cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).MethodERCP procedures were performed using an Artis Q interventional suite (Siemens Healthineers), including 42 procedures with CBCT. Some CBCT cases used the standard “DR” exposure protocol and some used the low dose protocol &ld...