Dynamic microstructural changes in alveolar bone in ligature ‐induced experimental periodontitis

This study used a ligature ‐induced experimental periodontitis model to observe the kinetic process of microstructural changes in alveolar bone and introduced star volume analysis as a new methodology to assess microstructural changes. Thirty Wistar rats were used. To induce experimental periodontitis, ligatures were placed around the maxillary first molar. Rats were euthanized on days 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 after ligature placement. In addition to using hematoxylin and eosin staining, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)/alkaline phosphatase (ALP) double staining, and micro-computed tomography were performed to analyze bone remodeling. From day 0 to day 7 (initiation phase), the model showed predominant inflammation with increased numbers of TRAP-positive cells, while ALP expression decreased. In contrast, from day 14 to day 28 (resolution phase), inflammatory cells and TRAP-positive cells decreased, wher eas ALP expression recovered to levels comparable to that on day 0. Regarding microstructure parameters, in the initiation phase, bone volume fraction, bone mineral density, trabecular thickness, and star volume of the trabeculae decreased significantly, whereas trabecular separation and star volume of the marrow space increased significantly, indicating bone resorption. In the resolution phase, microstructure parameters normalized, indicated bone formation. We confirmed dynamic alveolar bone remodeling in ligature-induced periodontitis in rats. Furthermore, we asse...
Source: Odontology - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Absolok® clips are a valid alternative to Hem-o-Lok® clips to secure blood vessels at the level of tumor bed and to perform a sliding-clip renorrhaphy in patients who underwent open or robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. PMID: 31833724 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
ConclusionsOccult nodal disease was frequently identified in peripheral N1 stations (11-13) in patients with small (≤2 cm) clinical N0 NSCLC. Hilar lymphadenectomy is essential for accurate staging in the management of patients with small clinical N0 NSCLC.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe established a novel formula to mathematically calculate actual 3D angles between inflow cannula and device body of HeartMate II. The formula would help investigators to validate their findings of the relationship between 2D projected angle (from CXR) and device thrombosis.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
This study suggests that fissures can provide a pathway for microorganisms to enter the dentinal tubules, potentially resulting in local pulpal inflammation. It appears that in healthy teeth, vital odontoblasts react by producing reactionary (tertiary) dentin, which lacks patent tubules and thus provides a proper seal.
Source: The Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsIVC reconstruction is a safe option for patients requiring IVC resection during oncologic surgery as evidenced by 1-year survival of 75% and 1-year primary patency approaching 90%. The overall rate of postoperative thrombus development was low and similar across all groups. In the management of primary and secondary retroperitoneal malignant disease with IVC infiltration, IVC reconstruction should be considered to achieve appropriate oncologic resection while minimizing possible complications from caval interruption.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
We present the case of an asymptomatic woman, a chronic heavy smoker, who presented with an incidental lung mass and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Bronchoscopy with transbronchial biopsy and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration did not show malignancy. A positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan showed increased uptake with a standardized uptake value of 26.4 in the mediastinal lymph node and an additional hypermetabolic right supraclavicular lymph node. Surgical biopsy of the supraclavicular node revealed non-necrotizing granuloma. Discussion of the clinical dilemma is provided.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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