Progression of Cervical Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament After Laminoplasty or Laminectomy With Posterior Fixation

Conclusion: The rate of progression of cervical OPLL was significantly higher after PF than after LP. Level of Evidence: Level III—a retrospective analysis.
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: PRIMARY RESEARCH Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Our study showed a lower percentage of spinal anomalies compared to other series. As other studies, the progression of the scoliosis curve in patients with spinal anomalies seems primarily to be determined by the type of vertebral malformation. Level of Evidence: Level II.
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
We describe a comprehensive, multidisciplinary treatment approach for lumbar vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) with spinal stenosis and radiculopathy. A 59-year-old female presented with 1 year of pain predominantly in the lower back, with pain in the left buttock and proximal left anterior thigh as well and magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine demonstrated lumbar scoliosis and an L3 vertebral lesion suspicious for hemangioma. A computed tomography guided biopsy was done, which supported the diagnosis. Definitive treatment entailed preoperative angiography and embolization, followed by L3 laminectomy, right L3 pedicle ...
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
Studies have shown that adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) prevalence varies between 0.35% and 5.2% and it is generally accepted as an average of 2% –3% in children under age 16. There are a few narrow-scope studies based on school screening performed on the epidemiology of AIS in Turkey. Prevalence rates reported by these studies are lower than reported in neighboring countries. Of note, they were conducted in single cities, generally based o n small sample size, and are different from each other in terms of methodology and age groups.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clinical Study Source Type: research
Spinal Cord, Published online: 20 January 2020; doi:10.1038/s41393-020-0418-6Scoliosis in paediatric onset spinal cord injuries
Source: Spinal Cord - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our evidence suggests that the L5-KAL can serve as an indicator of the thoracic curve change in Scheuermann's disease and postural kyphosis patients and should be considered in clinical practice. PMID: 31940713 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
For over four decades, clinicians and researchers have suggested a relationship between congenital heart disease (CHD) and scoliosis, attributed to either the disease itself or to the long-term effects of cardiac surgery on the immature thoracic cage. However, no study has yet accounted for 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS), the second most common cause of CHD after Down syndrome. 22q11.2DS has a scoliosis risk of 50%, but within 22q11.2DS a previous report found no significant association between scoliosis and CHD.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clinical Study Source Type: research
This study aims to establish radiographic parameters of lumbopelvic sagittal alignment, gender related differences, and age-related changes in a middle-aged community, to investigate whether age-related changes of lumbopelvic alignment reflect the risk of locomotive syndrome (LS). This study included 448 healthy Japanese volunteers who attended a basic health checkup supported by the local government. The subjects (184 males and 264 females, mean age: 62.7 years) were grouped according to their age by decade. Sagittal lumbopelvic parameters were collected by lateral spine radiographs including lumbar lordosis (L1&ndas...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2020Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery, Volume 20Author(s): Adrian Kelly, Aftab Younus, Patrick LekgwaraAbstractAdult scoliosis is an umbrella term referring to all forms of scoliosis occurring in skeletally mature individuals, irrespective of whether the deformity began before or after skeletal maturity. Adult degenerative scoliosis is a specific type of adult scoliosis that refers to a structural curve that develops after skeletal maturity in a previously normal spine. The pathogenesis of adult degenerative scoliosis has at its foundation the same starting point of degenerative spine disease na...
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsBoth distal radius and ulna scores correlate with the longitudinal growth potential, and thus, the DRU scoring scheme is an alternative predictor for growth potential and curve progression in girls with IS.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Zwierzchowska A, Tuz J, Grabara M Abstract BACKGROUND: One of the complications of obesity is low back pain, frequently associated with postural disorders. Body adiposity index (BAI) can be calculated without weighing, which may be rendered useful in settings where measuring accurate body weight is problematic. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare two indices of somatic structure, i.e., BAI and BMI regarding their accuracy (specific and sensitive) in predicting postural aberrations. METHODS: The study group comprised of 1281 participants aged 20-22 years, who were students from univ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
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