Can Personality Affect Dementia Risk?
Extroversion, an energetic disposition, calmness and maturity were associated with a lower risk of dementia 50 years later.
CONCLUSIONS: Common comorbidities modify the association of frailty with postoperative survival; however, this effect was only apparent when analyses accounted for effect modification on the absolute risk difference, as opposed to relative scale. While the relative scale is more commonly used in biomedical research, smaller effects may be easier to detect on the risk difference scale. The concurrent presence of dementia, COPD, and HF with frailty were all associated with excess mortality on the absolute risk difference scale. PMID: 31743191 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionsThe overall result of this meta-analysis supports the hypothesis that proton pump inhibitors increase the risk of dementia. Furthermore, high-quality cohort studies are needed to confirm these findings.
STATINS are given to people with high low-density lipoprotein and can help prevent narrowing arteries and cardiovascular disease. Do statins increase people ’s risk of dementia?
(Reuters Health) - Roughly half of middle-aged Americans believe they're "somewhat" or "very likely" to develop dementia, a survey suggests, and many try to beat the odds with supplements like ginkgo biloba and vitamin E that aren't proven to help.
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Lei Gao, Tao Wang, Tianyi Qian, Feng Xiao, Lijun Bai, Junjian Zhang, Haibo XuAbstractSevere (> 70% narrowing) asymptomatic carotid stenosis (SACS) is associated with cognitive impairment and future strokes, and connectivity basis for the remote brain consequences is poorly understood. Here we explored homotopic connectivity and parenchymal lesions measured by multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters in patients with SACS. Twenty-four patients with SACS (19 males/ 5 females; 64.25 ± 7.18 years), 24 comorbidities...
Authors: Zhang W, Low LF, Schwenk M, Mills N, Gwynn JD, Clemson L Abstract BACKGROUND: Older people with cognitive impairment are at increased risk of falls; however, fall prevention strategies have limited success in this population. The aim of this paper is to review the literature to inform a theoretical framework for fall prevention in older adults with dementia. SUMMARY: A narrative review was conducted on fall risk factors in people with cognitive impairment, the relationship between cognition and gait, and their joint impact on the risk of falls. This was used to develop a theoretical framework for fall ...
CONCLUSIONS: BPMSE has a limited predictive value for the variables studied. PMID: 31739306 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study explored the effect of a nurse-led cognitive behavioral intervention on depressive symptoms and coping strategies among family caregivers of PWD in China. Methods This randomized controlled trial used data from a sample of 112 caregivers screened from 276 potential participants in a city in southeastern China. The sample was randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 56) and a control group (n = 56). The intervention group received five monthly in-home, nurse-led cognitive behavioral sessions and telephone consultations after each session. The control group received five monthly, short, general conversat...
Conditions: Age-related Cognitive Decline; Mild Cognitive Impairment; Dementia Interventions: Behavioral: Cognitive Training; Behavioral: Computerized Cognitive Stimulation Sponsors: University of South Florida; University of Florida; University of California, San Francisco; University of Minnesota; National Institute on Aging (NIA) Not yet recruiting