New transplant research aims to salvage infected donated organs

Retired subway and bus driver Stanley De Freitas had just celebrated his 70th birthday when he started coughing, tiring easily and feeling short of breath. He was diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis, a severe scarring of the lungs, and put on the wait list for a transplant.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Drug-resistant CMVR is a complex clinical challenge. Multiple systemic and local treatment strategies may be necessary but toxicity, resistance, and co-morbidities may severely restrict available options. PMID: 31621449 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Conclusions: Interval exercise was well tolerated and preferred by participants with advanced ILD. PMID: 31625781 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research
Lung remains the least utilized solid organ for transplantation. Efforts to recover donor lungs with reversible injuries using ex-vivo perfusion systems are limited to less than 24 hours of support. Here, we demonstrate the feasibility of extending normothermic extracorporeal lung support to 4 days using cross-circulation with conscious swine.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Condition:   Steroid-Refractory Acute Graft Versus Host Disease Intervention:   Drug: T-Guard Sponsors:   Xenikos;   National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI);   Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network;   National Cancer Institute (NCI);   National Marrow Donor Program Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION: Immune checkpoint inhibitors are a potential treatment for solid organ transplant patients despite the risk of graft rejection. PMID: 31611026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Authors: Rajab TK Abstract The rat is an important model organism for lung transplantation research. Orthotopic rat lung transplantation is a complex procedure, which requires advanced microsurgical techniques. This technical paper describes in detail highly reproducible intraoperative microsurgical techniques and peri-operative management, including the donor procedure, recipient anesthetic management, the recipient operation and anticipated peri-operative complications. PMID: 31608698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental Lung Research - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Exp Lung Res Source Type: research
This study analysed the effect of inhaled iloprost and oral sildenafil combination therapy (ilo-sil) on pulmonary haemodynamic parameters in patients with secondary pulmonary hypertension.
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
AbstractTuberous sclerosis complex lymphangioleiomyomatosis (TSC-LAM) is a rare disease, which may develop an intractable pneumothorax. Chemical or mechanical pleurodesis is a general management to prevent recurrence of pneumothorax, rendering it difficult to later dissect the pleura and control intraoperative bleeding. Since total pleural coverage (TPC) alternative to pleurodesis has been firstly reported by Kurihara et al. (Jpn J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 54:274,2006), TPC was performed in case of a 46-year-old female with a secondary spontaneous pneumothorax caused by TSC-LAM and followed by lung transplantation. Final pat...
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
THE PERIOPERATIVE management of lung transplantation patients has advanced significantly over the past 56 years since the initial lung transplant was performed by Hardy in 1963.1,2 This advancement not only is limited to basic and clinical scientific achievements, but also extends to team-based coordination of lung transplantation care.1,3 Beginning with the isolated work of Demikhov, to the multidisciplinary Toronto Lung Transplant Group and formation of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT), the evolution of perioperative management has been concomitant with a rise in multidisciplinary teamwork.
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Expert Review Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2019Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): Marcelo Cypel, Jordan J Feld, Marcos Galasso, Rafaela V Pinto Ribeiro, Nikki Marks, Magdalena Kuczynski, Deepali Kumar, Ilona Bahinskaya, Vanderlei S Bagnato, Cristina Kurachi, Arthur S S.sky, Jonathan C Yeung, Laura Donahoe, Marc de Perrot, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Andrew Pierre, Matthew Binnie, Cecilia Chaparro, Tereza Martinu, Manyin ChenSummaryBackgroundA substantial proportion of organ donors test positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. To date, only a few studies have evaluated the safety of using lungs from these don...
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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