In This Issue…

Publication date: October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes, Volume 43, Issue 7Author(s): Elizabeth Sellers
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Background: In US cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) rates have tripled in the past 2 decades. Known clinical risk factors include exposure to a healthcare setting, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and CF-related diabetes. Area-level socio-environmental exposures have not been evaluated. We explored the association of area-level deprivation with MRSA prevalence in a pediatric CF Center in the Southeastern United States. Methods: Patients’ residential addresses were geocoded and linked to a composite Area Deprivation Index and Rural-Urban Commuting Area scores. The association...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
GENERAL PURPOSE To provide information on a 60-second General Foot Screen to assist in the prevention and/or identification and management of common foot problems. TARGET AUDIENCE This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to: 1. Use the 60-second General Foot Screen to assist healthcare professionals in the recognition of common foot problems. 2. Identify risk factors, causes, and tre...
Source: Advances in Skin and Wound Care - Category: Dermatology Tags: FEATURES: CLINICAL MANAGEMENT EXTRA Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Beyond a risk assessment scale, providers should consider other factors, such as comorbidities, which can predispose patients to HPI development.
Source: Advances in Skin and Wound Care - Category: Dermatology Tags: FEATURES: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The frequency of sternotomy wound infection in patients with type 2 diabetes is comparable between patients treated with traditional dressings and those receiving silver dressings; therefore, to maximize cost savings, providers should consider using standard wound dressings in this patient population.
Source: Advances in Skin and Wound Care - Category: Dermatology Tags: FEATURES: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Source Type: research
This article presents a case study of surgical management of a Martorell ulcer in a 69-year-old woman with Liddle syndrome. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first case reported in the literature of this rare ulcer occurring secondary to this rare cause of hypertension.
Source: Advances in Skin and Wound Care - Category: Dermatology Tags: ONLINE EXCLUSIVE Source Type: research
Authors: Folaron I, True MW, Kazanis WH, Wardian JL, Tate JM, Graybill SD, Clerc PG, Jenkins CR Abstract INTRODUCTION: Service members (SMs) in the United States (U.S.) Armed Forces have diabetes mellitus at a rate of 2-3%. Despite having a chronic medical condition, they have deployed to environments with limited medical support. Given the scarcity of data describing how they fare in these settings, we conducted a retrospective study analyzing the changes in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and body mass index (BMI) before and after deployment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SMs from the U.S. Army, Air Force, Navy, and Mar...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Hylmarova S, Stechova K, Pavlinkova G, Peknicova J, Macek M, Kvapil M Abstract Little is known about type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) impact on the male sexual and reproductive functions. We aim to evaluate the influence of T1DM on male sexual function, quality of sexual life, and sex hormone levels. A total of 57 male patients aged 18 to 50 years (mean = 33) with T1DM (duration mean = 15 years) had a medical examination and completed a set of questionnaires - International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Sexual quality of life questionnaire male (SQoL-M). The prev...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Journal of Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Lena Eliasson, Romano RegazziAbstractPancreatic β-cells located within the islets of Langerhans play a central role in metabolic control. The main function of these cells is to produce and secrete insulin in response to a rise in circulating levels of glucose and other nutrients. The release of insufficient insulin to cover the organism needs results in chronic hyperglycemia and diabetes development. β-cells insure a highly specialized task and to efficiently accomplish their function they need to express a specific s...
Source: Journal of Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Journal of Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Maria Lytrivi, Castell Anne-Laure, Vincent Poitout, Miriam CnopAbstractThe deleterious effects of chronically elevated free fatty acid (FFA) levels on glucose homeostasis are referred to as lipotoxicity, and the concurrent exposure to high glucose may cause synergistic glucolipotoxicity. Lipo- and glucolipotoxicity have been studied for over 25 years. Here, we review the current evidence supporting the role of pancreatic β-cell lipo- and glucolipotoxicity in type 2 diabetes, including lipid-based interventions in humans, p...
Source: Journal of Molecular Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Saudi Journal of Biological SciencesAuthor(s): Lingling Wu, Lijuan Gao, Yaohui Cao, Fengju Chen, Ting Sun, Yahong LiuAbstractIn order to study the protection mechanism of liraglutide on the infectious lesion of the retina of type I diabetes, in this experiment, a mouse model of type I diabetes was established by induction with streptozotocin (STZ) and feeding with high-fat and high-sugar diet. After observing the living conditions of the modeled mice and detecting their fasting blood glucose (FBG), it was found that the modeled mice exhibited clinically similar symp...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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