Is It Time to Quit Vaping?

Health officials have recommended that people refrain from using e-cigarettes as they investigate a severe lung illness that has killed eight people. Here are some things to consider.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: E-Cigarettes Smoking and Tobacco Nicotine Teenagers and Adolescence Addiction (Psychology) Deaths (Fatalities) Source Type: news

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ConclusionsCB1R was widely distributed in multiple hypothalamic nuclei. The expression of CB1R was augmented only when mice were treated with HFD and nicotine in combination. These data suggest that the exposure to nicotine may provoke an enhanced endocannabinoid response in diet-induced obesity.Graphical abstract
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: 19 October 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 244, Issue 3252Author(s): Clare Wilson, Jason Arunn Murugesu
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Jack E. Henningfield, Judy B. Ashworth, Karen K. Gerlach, Bernie Simone, Sidney H. SchnollAbstractPain and addiction are complex disorders with many commonalities. Beneficial outcomes for both disorders can be achieved through similar principles such as individualized medication selection and dosing, comprehensive multi-modal therapies, and judicious modification of treatment as indicated by the patient's status. This is implicit in the term “medication assisted treatment” (MAT) for opioid use disorders (OUD), and is equally...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Sheldon RR, Weiss JB, Do WS, Forte DM, Carter PL, Eckert MJ, Sohn VY Abstract INTRODUCTION: Surgery is a known gateway to opioid use that may result in long-term morbidity. Given the paucity of evidence regarding the appropriate amount of postoperative opioid analgesia and variable prescribing education, we investigated prescribing habits before and after institution of a multimodal postoperative pain management protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Laparoscopic appendectomies, laparoscopic cholecystectomies, inguinal hernia repairs, and umbilical hernia repairs performed at a tertiary military medical cent...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Janelle A Skinner, Manohar L Garg, Christopher V Dayas, Tracy L BurrowsABSTRACTThe neuropeptide oxytocin is best known for its role during parturition and the milk-let down reflex. Recent evidence identifies a role for oxytocin in eating behaviour. After oxytocin administration, caloric intake is reduced with stronger inhibitory effects in individuals with obesity. Whether the experience of visual food cues affects secretion or circulating levels of oxytocin is unknown. This pilot study had three aims: 1) to measure fasting appetit...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
AbstractHealthcare environments are not exempt from the impact of stigma against mental illness and addiction, which contributes to barriers to client access and appropriate treatment. To address this concern, healthcare organizations have a growing interest in mental illness and addiction anti-stigma anti-discrimination programming as part of their staff-wide professional development. Though standard interventions demonstrate effectiveness in the short and mid-term, the evidence for long-term change is inconclusive. A flexible, innovative intervention was developed in collaboration with community health care centres to re...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe current paper presents a biopsychosocial model of cannabis use and anxiety that focuses explicitly on aspects of anxiety that may contribute to cannabis use and use-related problems among individuals with elevated anxiety.Recent FindingsElevated anxiety and anxiety disorders are common among individuals who use cannabis and those with cannabis use disorder (CUD). One possible explanation for this co-occurrence may be that symptoms associated with anxiety disorders (i.e., physiological arousal, subjective anxiety, and avoidance) may place anxious individuals at risk of using cannabis to cope wit...
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Over the past two decades, the federal and state governments, industry, and professionals have taken significant actions to address opioid abuse, addiction, and overdose, including efforts to determine the appropriateness of prescribing opioid analgesics to patients with acute and chronic pain (Greene, et  al., 2018; Jones, et al., 2018). Without a doubt, many of these efforts have been necessary. Some measures, however, have focused sharply on reducing the supply of prescription opioids, which has contributed toward confusion and fear among prescribers and restricted access to controlled prescript ion medication...
Source: Pain Management Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
AbstractThis research study aims to identify the psychosocial factors predicting the personal recovery of people with severe mental illness in a Chinese society. A cross-sectional research design was adopted that involved a random sample of 266 community-dwelling people with severe mental illness in Hong Kong. These individuals were assessed in terms of their personal recovery, self-esteem, and self-stigma by using standardized assessment scales. While personal recovery is related to and/or predicted by various psychosocial factors, the results of hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses showed that self-stigma sub...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Di Wen, Rongji Hui, Yi Liu, Yixiao Luo, Jian Wang, Xi Shen, Bing Xie, Feng Yu, Bin Cong, Chunling MaAbstractMethamphetamine (METH) is one of the most prevalently used illegal psychostimulants in many countries. Continuous exposure to METH leads to behavioral sensitization in animals, which can be used as a behavioral model with many mechanisms in common with relapse in humans. Molecular hydrogen has recently gained attention for its potential as a novel healthcare product with preventive and th...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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