Accessory Palmaris Longus: A Concise Anatomic Review With a Relevant Case Study

Current medical literature has described many variations of the palmaris longus. One variation that is rarely seen is that of the accessory palmaris longus, which is better known in literature as the “palmaris profundus.” This brief review will describe the anatomy and the developmental origins of the palmaris longus, as well as the clinical relevance of an accessory palmaris longus. We will also present a case on the accessory palmaris longus and discuss whether the accessory palmaris longus, if encountered during a routine carpal tunnel surgery, should be resected intraoperatively.
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Papers Source Type: research

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Interventions that improve a patient ’s understanding of the problem and their options might reduce surgeon-to-surgeon variation, activate healthier patient behaviors and mindset, and optimize stewardship of resources while improving quality of care. Patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) have more uncertainty about which course of action to take (so-called decision conflict) than hand surgeons. We studied patient preferences regarding shared decision making (SDM) for different parts of the treatment for CTS.
Source: The Journal of Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Editor's Choice Source Type: research
Source: Journal of Pain Research - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Journal of Pain Research Source Type: research
Abstract A previously introduced Bayesian non-parametric multi-scale technique, called iterated Multigrid Priors (iMGP) method, is used to map the topographic organization of human primary somatosensory cortex (S1). We analyze high spatial resolution fMRI data acquired at ultra-high field (UHF, 7T) in individual subjects during vibrotactile stimulation applied to each distal phalange of the left hand digits using both a travelling-wave (TW) and event-related (ER) paradigm design. We compare the somatotopic digit representations generated in S1 using the iMGP method with those obtained using established fMRI paradi...
Source: Brain Topography - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Brain Topogr Source Type: research
We present two identical twin sarcoidosis patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. A number of factors may cause carpal tunnel syndrome like wrist anatomy, occupation, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, pregnancy and renal failure. Although the above factors do not directly cause carpal tunnel syndrome, they may increase your chances of developing or aggravate median nerve damage as it is in sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis relevant neuropathy and granulomas may be the primary mechanism of sarcoidosis associated carpal tunnel syndrome. Although rare, carpal tunnel syndrome may be a feature of sarcoidosis that may lead to irreversib...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Huang WH, Hu CC, Yen TH, Hsu CW, Weng CH Abstract Introduction: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a severe complication observed in long-term maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. The most common cause of CTS is dialysis-related β2-microglobulin amyloidosis, which is associated with inflammation and oxidative stress in dialysis patients. Patients on MHD have higher blood lead levels (BLLs) than the general population. Lead (Pb) exposure in chronic dialysis patients has been noted to induce oxidative stress and inflammation. Therefore, lead-related inflammation and oxidative stress might contribute to...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, Ahead of Print.
Source: The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
A 66-year-old man had bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome and 6 years of chronic joint pain and stiffness of the shoulders, hips, and knees. He reported occasional bruising around his eyes; physical examination showed raised soft tissue masses around the sternoclavicular joints and scapulae, and laboratory examination was notable for significant levels of protein and albumin. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: The symptom questionnaire was associated with the median nerve pathology often seen in CTS. Moreover, the study results have shown the questionnaire to be the most effective screening method when compared to ultrasound. PMID: 31475688 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research
Nerve movement is decreased in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome and can be assessed with ultrasound. In addition to morphologic features, this study describes a novel approach in which nerve movement and the association with short-term patient-reported outcome are assessed. Ultrasound images at the carpal tunnel inlet were acquired during finger and wrist flexion. Linear regression models were used with the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire as main outcome. Eighty-five patients were included; 93% completed the 3-mo follow-up.
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research
This study aimed to quantitatively evaluate stiffness, an important biomechanical characteristic of soft tissue, using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography. The shear wave velocity (SWV, m/s) values of soft tissue structures within the carpal tunnel (CT) were measured in various combinations of wrist and finger positions. Twenty-six healthy adults were enrolled in this study. We measured the cross-sectional area of the median nerve (MN) and the SWV values of several structures within the CT at the CT inlet level. Measurement of SWV of the MN, flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS), flexor digitorum profundus...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
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