Swaziland: Six Children Die As Diarrhoea Once Again Strikes Swaziland

[Swazi Media] Six children died from diarrhoea in four days in Swaziland / eSwatini and about another 1,000 others have been treated for the infection caused by the rota virus, a senior official said on Monday.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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CORONAVIRUS symptoms have been shown to manifest themselves in a number of ways, from diarrhoea to loss of sense of smell. But is a runny nose a sign of COVID-19?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
We report a case of chronic urticaria associated withE. nana in a 34-year-old Italian woman. The patient suffered from abdominal pain, diarrhoea and weight loss. The disease appeared after a trip to Vietnam. Laboratory examinations showed mild blood eosinophilia. Three coproparasitological examinations were positive for cysts ofE. nana. The patient was successfully treated with two courses of metronidazole (2 g/day for 10 days each). No antihistamines were used. Three coproparasitological examinations, carried out at the end of the therapy, were negative. Follow up (six months) was negative.E. nana can be responsible for v...
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractConventional treatment of X-linked hypophosphataemia (XLH) consists in the oral administration of phosphate plus calcitriol supplements. Although this therapy has reduced bone deformities and even achieved adequate patient growth, overtreatment or low adherence could lead to subsequent consequences that may compromise the efficacy of the therapy. Some of the complications associated with phosphate and vitamin  D treatment are abdominal discomfort, diarrhoea, hypokalaemia, hyperparathyroidism, hypercalcaemia or hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis or nephrolithiasis, and ectopic calcifications. Therefore, constant ...
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aimed to characterise PPR disease in pastoralist small ruminant flocks in Ngorongoro District. During June 2015, 33 PPR-like disease reports were investigated in different parts of the district, using semi-structured interviews, clinical examinations, PPR virus rapid detection test (PPRV-RDT), and laboratory analysis. Ten flocks were confirmed as PPRV infected by PPRV-RDT and/or real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and two flocks were co-infected with bluetongue virus (BTV), confirmed by RT-qPCR. Phylogenetic analysis of six partial N gene sequences showed that the PPR viruses clu...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract Campylobacter jejuni is considered to be the most common bacterial cause of human gastroenteritis worldwide. C. jejuni can cause bloody diarrhoea, fever and abdominal pain in humans along with post-infectious sequelae such as Guillain-Barré syndrome (a paralytic autoimmune complication). C. jejuni infections can be fatal, particularly among young children. C. jejuni are distributed in most warm-blooded animals, and therefore the main route of transmission is generally foodborne, via the consumption and handling of meat products (particularly poultry). C. jejuni is microaerophilic and oxygen-sensiti...
Source: Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract The aetiology of diarrhoea with Cryptosporidium species and pathogenic bacteria has not been identified in the Ethiopian primary healthcare system. Thus, antibiotic consumption for unconfirmed pathogenic diarrhoea is not infrequent. A total of 344 children aged
Source: Tropical Doctor - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Trop Doct Source Type: research
This study investigated whether volixibat could reduce the amount of fat in the liver and reduce liver injury in adults with an advanced form of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Volixibat did not reduce the amount of fat in the liver, nor did it have any other beneficial effect on liver injury. Participants in the study generally tolerated the side effects of volixibat and, as in previous studies, the main side effect was diarrhoea. These results show that volixibat is not an effective treatment for people with fatty liver disease.
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
CORONAVIRUS cases are increasing every day, and if you show symptoms of coronavirus you must stay at home. So is diarrhoea a symptom of coronavirus?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Abstract Bacillus cereus sensu lato (B. cereus s.l.) comprises gram-positive spore-forming bacteria producing toxins associated with foodborne diseases. Three pore-forming enterotoxins, non-haemolytic enterotoxin (Nhe), haemolysin BL (Hbl), and cytotoxin K (CytK), are considered as the primary factors in B. cereus s.l. diarrhoea. The aim of this study was to determine the potential risk of enterotoxicity among soil B. cereus s.l. isolates representing various phylogroups and originated from different geographic locations varying in climate (Burkina Faso, Kenya, Argentina, Kazakhstan, and Poland). While, the nheA- ...
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Environ Microbiol Source Type: research
Objectives: Glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) is a 33 amino acid peptide hormone released from enteroendocrine L-cells following nutrient ingestion. It has been shown to exert trophic effects on the gut. We set out to measure GLP-2 concentrations in blood in children with diarrhoea and malnutrition. Methods: GLP-2 levels were measured in blood samples collected from 5 different groups of children (nā€Š=ā€Š324) at different time points: those with acute diarrhoea, during illness and 3 weeks after recovery; persistent diarrhoea and severe acute malnutrition; controls contemporaneous for diarrhoea; stunted children from th...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Nutrition Source Type: research
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