Diverse Role of Biological Plasticity in Low Back Pain and Its Impact on Sensorimotor Control of the Spine
Journal of Orthopaedic&Sports Physical Therapy,Volume 49, Issue 6, Page 389-401, June 2019.
CONCLUSION: All 3 outcome measures demonstrated good responsiveness. MICs were derived for each instrument. The PGQ at 8 weeks post-randomisation was identified as an appropriate outcome measure for pregnancy-related LBP/PGP since it is specific to these pain presentations and assesses both activity limitations and symptoms. The NRS is an efficient, shorter alternative. PMID: 31392990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Journal of Orthopaedic&Sports Physical Therapy, Ahead of Print.
CONCLUSION: Spinal stiffness increased in all participants; however, participants without LBP demonstrated a muscle synergy pattern where each synergy was associated with a distinct function of the prone instability test. Participants with LBP used a more global stabilization pattern which may reflect a maladaptive method of enhancing spinal stability. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, Epub 3 Aug 2019. doi:10.2519/jospt.2019.8577. PMID: 31378122 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Measuring the curvature of the lumbar spine is an important challenge in disciplines related to physical therapy, rehabilitation, and sports medicine seeking to solve the incidence of the low back pain and other spinal disorders in the population. In clinical practice, most of the methods used are manual or depend on the trained eye of the specialist who is measuring. We have developed Lumbatex: an integrated system based on inertial sensors integrated into a wearable textile device. This device is connected via Bluetooth to software, which interprets data from the sensors and provides real-time biofeedback to users in a g...
This study only included people who were willing to receive chiropractic care. Even within the two groups, the care varied — that is, not everyone in the usual care group received the same treatment, and this can also be said for the chiropractic group. If any of these factors had been different, the results might have been different. For example, it’s possible that if an older population of people with chronic low back pain had been studied, “usual care” might have been the better treatment. Bottom line This new study lends support for chiropractic care to treat low back pain. But it’s impor...
This article reviews the evidence regarding the clinical detection and diagnosis of SIJ movement dysfunction. In particular, it questions the continued use of assessing movement dysfunction despite mounting evidence undermining the biological plausibility and subsequent treatment paradigms based on such diagnoses. Clinicians are encouraged to align their assessment methods and explanatory models to contemporary science to reduce the risk of their diagnoses and choice of intervention negatively affecting clinical outcomes. PMID: 31355883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine: (1) motivations of patients with chronic low back pain to attend physical therapy; (2) relationships between competence perceptions, motivational regulations, and pain/disability; and (3) whether patient motivations to attend physical therapy mediate the relationship between competence perceptions and pain/disability. Methods: A sample of 64 participants completed baseline assessment (1-week prior to initiation of physical therapy) and 6-week follow-up assessment. Differences between motivation variables at baseline were examined using one-way within-person A...
CONCLUSION: The evidence of VR effectiveness is promising in chronic neck pain and shoulder impingement syndrome. VR and exercises have similar effects in rheumatoid arthritis, knee arthritis, ankle instability, and post-anterior cruciate reconstruction. For fibromyalgia and back pain, as well as after knee arthroplasty, the evidence of VR effectiveness compared to exercise is absent or inconclusive. PMID: 31343702 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: LBP affected walking, sleeping, standing, and lifting in this small sample of people with mild to moderate PD. Greater LBP-related disability was associated with greater motor sign severity, lower physical activity level, and lower QOL in people with PD. PMID: 31343700 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Discussion: The current case series describes the use of a targeted exercise approach consisting mostly of hip abductor strengthening in a group of patients with CLBP and hip abductor weakness. The results indicated that this approach may be effective in reducing pain and improving function, particularly for older patients.