Diabetes tool for GPs launched

New national 'information prescription' issued Related items fromOnMedica Under-fives must play more and spend less time sitting with screens Weight loss targets exceeded on NHS type 2 diabetes prevention programme HbA1c improves just as much on dieting only two days a week More diabetics set to benefit from flash glucose monitors on NHS Care remains poor for pregnant women with diabetes
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news

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ConclusionsFindings from observational studies support current dietary guidelines for the prevention of T2DM. Further dietary intervention studies are needed to confirm whether or not dietary modification following a GDM pregnancy reduces women's risk of developing T2DM.
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Eleanor P Thong, Ethel Codner, Joop S E Laven, Helena TeedeSummaryReproductive dysfunction is a common but little studied complication of diabetes. The spectrum of reproductive health problems in diabetes is broad, and encompasses delayed puberty and menarche, menstrual cycle abnormalities, subfertility, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and potentially early menopause. Depending on the age at diagnosis of diabetes, reproductive problems can manifest early on in puberty, emerge later when fertility is desired, or occur duri...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: D'Anna R, Santamaria A, Alibrandi A, Corrado F, DI Benedetto A, Facchinetti F Abstract Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is one of the most frequent complications of pregnancy and is characterized by a carbohydrate intolerance which is diagnosed with the oral glucose tolerance test. The prevalence of GDM in our population is about 12%, but risk factors like a previous GDM, ethnicity, a parent with diabetes mellitus type 2 and maternal overweight may increase its occurrence. Complications of GDM are a pre-term birth (before 37 wk gestation), macrosomia (birth weight ≥4 kg) and gestational hypertension....
Source: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) Source Type: research
AbstractAims/hypothesisHypertensive disorders are prevalent among pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes, but the prevalence and impact of white coat hypertension are unknown. Measurement of home BP before initiation of antihypertensive treatment is necessary to identify white coat hypertension since international guidelines recommend that white coat hypertension is left untreated. The aim of this study, conducted among women with pre-existing diabetes, was therefore to examine the prevalence of white coat hypertension in early pregnancy, and pregnancy outcome in women with white coat hypertension in early pregnancy.Met...
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Peterson KE Abstract CONTEXT: Several cross-sectional studies have assessed the association of lead exposure with type 2 diabetes and cardiometabolic risk factors in adults; however, studies of such associations in childhood are rare. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the prospective associations of prenatal exposure to lead with type 2 diabetes and cardiometabolic risk factors in children. DESIGN: The Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) is a birth cohort study of pregnant women and their offspring. SETTING: Public hospitals in Mexico City. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Wo...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution and maternal diabetes may affect common biological pathways underlying adverse neurodevelopmental effects. However, joint effects of maternal diabetes and air pollution on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether prenatal and early-life air pollution exposure interacts with maternal diabetes status to affect ASD risk. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 246,420 singleton children born in Kaiser Permanente Southern California hospitals in 1999-2009. Children were followed from birth until age 5, during wh...
Source: Environment International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research
ntili S Abstract In order to better understand the events that precede and precipitate the onset of type 2 diabetes (T2DM), several nutritional animal models have been developed. These models are generated by manipulating the diet of either the animal itself, or its mother during her pregnancy, and in comparison to traditional genetic and knock out models, have the advantage that they more accurately reflect the etiology of human T2DM. This chapter will discuss some of the most widely used nutritional models of T2DM: Diet-induced obesity (DIO) in adult rodents, and studies of offspring of mothers fed a low-protein...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Low birth weight (LBW) is associated with diseases in adulthood. The birthweight attributed risk is independent of confounding such as gestational age, sex of the newborn but also social factors. The birthweight attributed risk for diseases in later life holds for the whole spectrum of birthweight. This raises the question what pathophysiological principle is actually behind the association. In this review, we provide evidence that LBW is a surrogate of insulin resistance. Insulin resistance has been identified as a key factor leading to type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease as well as kidney diseases. We first provide e...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study reveals the myths regarding insulin and suggests that community-based group education programs help increase in acceptance of insulin. Sensitization of local health care providers is necessary to ensure persistence with insulin therapy. PMID: 31556272 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Type 2 diabetes can be seen in eight-year-olds Related items fromOnMedica Type 2 diabetes in 10 times more young people than realised High gluten intake during pregnancy associated with diabetes Child type 2 diabetes is a ‘wake-up call’ to the nation Act urgently on total junk food ad ban, say doctors and public Diabetes drug use during pregnancy affects child's weight
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
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