Phenotypic features of a microdeletion in chromosome band 20p13: A case report and review of the literature

ConclusionThis report highlights the potential of aCGH as a practical and powerful tool with which to detect submicroscopic chromosomal abnormalities in individuals presenting with a wide spectrum of phenotypes, ranging from facial dysmorphism to failure to thrive. Additionally, the literature review casts new light on the clinical features of 20p13 microdeletion.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: CLINICAL REPORT Source Type: research

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Abstract The human 15q13.3 microdeletion syndrome (DS) is caused by a heterozygous microdeletion (MD) affecting six genes: FAN1; MTMR10; TRPM1; KLF13; OTUD7A; and CHRNA7. Carriers are at risk for intellectual disability, epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder, and schizophrenia. Here we used the Df[h15q13]/+ mouse model with an orthologous deletion to further characterize molecular, neurophysiological, and behavioral parameters that are relevant to the 15q13.3 DS. First, we verified the expression and distribution of the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), a gene product of the CHRNA7, in cortical and s...
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research
ConclusionThe study hypothesizes the presence of a new RO, not including the previously reported candidate genes, and attempt to define the associated molecular and psychomotor/neurobehavioral phenotype. This region encompasses the distal breakpoint of RO1 and the proximal breakpoint of RO2, and seems to be associated with intellectual disability (ID), hypotonia, epilepsy, and corpus callosum abnormalities. Although more cases are needed, we speculated onSNX6(*606098) andBAZ1A(*605680) as potential candidate genes associated with the corpus callosum abnormalities.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: CLINICAL REPORT Source Type: research
Rodolfo Iuliano Copy number variations (CNVs) play a key role in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including a wide range of neurodevelopmental disorders. Here, we describe the detection of three CNVs simultaneously in a female patient with evidence of severe myoclonic epilepsy, microcephaly, hypertelorism, dimorphisms as well as severe psychomotor delay and intellectual disability. Array-CGH analysis revealed a ∼240 kb microdeletion at the 7q35 inherited from her father, a ∼538 kb microduplication at the 15q13.3 region and a ∼178 kb microduplication at Xp22.33 region, both transmitted from ...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Deletion of the 1q43q44 chromosomal region has been related to a clinical syndrome characterized by neurodevelopmental delay, intellectual disability, microcephaly, congenital abnormality of the corpus callosum, and epilepsy and dysmorphic features. A wide variability of the clinical features have been linked to the contiguous deleted genes and incomplete penetrance has been observed too. Here, we report a 4-years-old boy with microcephaly, neurodevelopmental delay, and cardiac atrial septal defect, who had a de-novo 117 Kb 1q43-q44 microdeletion. The deleted chromosomal region encompassed the two genes SDCCAG8 and ...
Source: Clinical Dysmorphology - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Short Case Reports Source Type: research
We report two independent subjects with 16q12.1q21 deletion syndrome presenting with dysmorphic facial features, developmental delay, strabismus, and aggressive behavior. A minimal region of overlap spanning 1.7 Mb on chromosome 16, including IRX5, GNAO1, and NUDT21 genes was shared among these two cases and those previously reported. This minimal region of overlap suggests the potential pathogenic role of these genes, previously implicated in diseases of the central nervous system. PMID: 32045705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Medical Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Eur J Med Genet Source Type: research
In this study, we performed an extensive assessment of the value of CMA for the diagnosis of children with ID/DD in China. Methods: A total of 633 patients diagnosed with DD/ID in West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, were recruited from January 2014 to March 2019. The patients were classified into 4 subgroups: isolated DD/ID, DD/ID with multiple congenital anomalies (MCA), isolated autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), and DD/ID with epilepsy. CMA was performed on Affymetrix 750K platform. Results: Among the 633 patients, 127 cases were identified as having pathogenic copy number variations (pCN...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
We present a patient with 17q12 deletion syndrome with significant atopy.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 August 2019Source: The Lancet PsychiatryAuthor(s): Janneke R Zinkstok, Erik Boot, Anne S Bassett, Noboru Hiroi, Nancy J Butcher, Claudia Vingerhoets, Jacob A S Vorstman, Therese A M J van AmelsvoortSummary22q11.2 deletion syndrome is characterised by a well defined microdeletion that is associated with a high risk of neuropsychiatric disorders, including intellectual disability, schizophrenia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, anxiety disorders, seizures and epilepsy, and early-onset Parkinson's disease. Preclinical and clinical data reveal substantial ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionThe presented patient is the second with a pathogenicMBD5 mutation in whom the course of disease is suggestive of early onset dementia starting in her fifth decade. These findings stress the importance of exome sequencing, also in elderly intellectually disabled patients, particularly in those with autism.
Source: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
In conclusion, the 6q27 microdeletion is a complex syndrome with variable expressivity of brain malformations and intellectual disability phenotypes which are possibly triggered by the 4 genes described and adjacent genes susceptible to gene regulation changes.Mol Syndromol
Source: Molecular Syndromology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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