Advanced US techniques = better thyroid nodule diagnosis

Using a combination of advanced ultrasound techniques improves the accuracy...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: US equipment manufacturers show versatility, usability at ECR Video from ECR 2019: Christiane Nyhsen on ultrasound hygiene QT Ultrasound creates 3D-printed breast tissue using US Ultrasound equal to DEXA for assessing bone health ACR sounds alarm regarding Medicare ultrasound cuts
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: The influence of body composition on LM morphology in athletes cannot be ignored and warrants further investigation. Our findings also provide preliminary evidence of an association between LM morphology, LBP, and lower limb injury in university rugby players. PMID: 32997748 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research
Wasting of skeletal muscle mass, termed sarcopenia, is common in patients with advanced heart failure (HF). Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the reference standard, but limitations include expense, ionizing radiation and non-portability. The use of a bedside skeletal muscle ultrasound (US) device to screen for low muscle mass may bolster efforts to identify and treat sarcopenia among patients with HF.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: 115 Source Type: research
SummaryObjectiveTo examine associations between maternal body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG) and fetal growth and neonatal adiposity in urban South Africans.MethodsMaternal BMI was assessed at recruitment and GWG (kg/week) was calculated. Longitudinal fetal growth was measured via ultrasound and modelled using Superimposition by Translation and Rotation (SITAR). Neonatal adiposity was assessed using air displacement plethysmography or dual ‐energy X‐ray absorptiometry. Multiple linear regression models were used to examine associations between maternal BMI, GWG and SITAR fetal growth parameters and neo...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 337-354 DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708823Radiologic imaging is crucial for diagnosing and monitoring rheumatic inflammatory diseases. Particularly the emerging approach of precision medicine has increased the interest in quantitative imaging. Extensive research has shown that ultrasound allows a quantification of direct signs such as bone erosions and synovial thickness. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (CT) contribute to the quantitative assessment of secondary signs such as osteoporosis or lean mass loss. Magnetic resonance ima...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Discussion: In this case series, we present 2 postmenopausal women who demonstrate low fracture risk as predicted by the FRAX alone. Subsequent QUS measures detected that one of the women was at higher risk for fracture. Follow-up DXA scan confirmed that the QUS, which also directly assesses bone quality, correctly stratified the patients into low and high fracture risk categories. In addition to FRAX, QUS may be an important low-cost screening tool for physical therapists to use, to increase early referral for medical management.
Source: Journal of Womens Health Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Conditions:   Human Immunodeficiency Virus;   Obesity Interventions:   Radiation: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan;   Other: Carotid and branchial artery ultrasound;   Diagnostic Test: 2-hour oral glucose tolerace test;   Diagnostic Test: Blood collection Sponsor:   Vanderbilt University Medical Center Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusion The results of this study provide novel information on LM muscle morphology and activation in football players in prone and standing and suggest that players with LBP in the previous 3 months had smaller LM muscle thickness. LM morphology was strongly correlated with body composition measurements.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: BASIC SCIENCES Source Type: research
This investigation compared ultrasound and skinfolds as measures of body fat for athletes, relative to dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.
Source: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
ConclusionThe application of P-EU enables the identification of a substantial proportion of women with recent non-vertebral fractures at the FLS who would not need a DXA/VFA referral because they had no osteoporosis and/or subclinical vertebral fractures. The most conservative P-EU threshold resulted in 18.3% true negative tests verified by DXA/VFA against 1% false negative test results.
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewPatients with inflammatory arthropathies have a high rate of fragility fractures. Diagnostic assessment and monitoring of bone density and quality are therefore critically important. Here, we review standard and advanced techniques to measure bone density and quality, specifically focusing on patients with inflammatory arthropathies.Recent FindingsCurrent standard procedures are dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and quantitative computed tomography (QCT). DXA-based newer methods include trabecular bone score (TBS) and vertebral fracture assessment (VFA). More advanced imaging methods to measur...
Source: Current Rheumatology Reports - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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