Recognizing emphysematous gastritis

This article describes how a CT scan and aggressive IV drug therapy helped clinicians beat the odds for a patient with this high-mortality disease.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants - Category: Primary Care Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

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We report a case of emphysematous esophagitis and gastritis with complete affectation of the gastric and esophageal wall at diagnosis. Two surgical interventions were performed due to gastric perforation that was treated in both cases with primary closure. The post-operative recovery was satisfactory. Despite the large emphysematous esophago-gastritis affectation at diagnosis and the presence of gastric perforation, it is safe to perform the same management principles as with emphysematous gastritis. This should be as conservative as possible in case a surgical procedure is required. PMID: 31599641 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
This study is aimed at measuring the thyroxine requirement in hypothyroid patients with UC. Patients and Methods: Among 8,573 patients with thyroid disorders consecutively seen in our referral center from 2010 to 2017, we identified 34 patients with a definite diagnosis of UC. Thirteen of them were hypothyroid (12 F/1 M; median age = 53 years), bearing UC during the remission phase and in need for thyroxine treatment, thus representing the study group. The dose of T4 required by UC patients has been compared to the one observed in 51 similarly treated age- and weight-matched patients, compliant with treatment and clearly ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2018Source: Molecular Genetics and MetabolismAuthor(s): Barbara K. Burton, Kyle Bradford Jones, Stephen Cederbaum, Fran Rohr, Susan Waisbren, Debra E. Irwin, Gilwan Kim, Joshua Lilienstein, Ignacio Alvarez, Elaina Jurecki, Harvey LevyAbstractBackgroundPhenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency, otherwise known as phenylketonuria (PKU), is an inborn error of metabolism that requires treatment to be initiated in the newborn period and continued throughout life. Due to the challenges of treatment adherence and the resulting cumulative effects of high and labile blood phenylalani...
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions: Collagenous gastritis is a rare condition in children. A small proportion of children develop features of the “‘adult” phenotype at a very young age. Patients with collagenous gastritis require long-term follow-up and monitoring of their disease. Further randomized clinical trials are needed to establish an effective therapeutic strategy.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The diagnosis and treatment of synchronous double superficial gastric cancer with GCP and submucosal lipoma is challenging. In addition, elastic fiber staining and immune marker staining is effective and should be considered for diagnosis.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Eosinophilic gastritis (EG) and eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE) are rare diseases characterized by marked eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and symptoms that typically reflect the location(s) of GI involvement.1,2 Knowledge of these conditions is limited, and treatments, which largely are based on case series, most frequently involve corticosteroids. Because long-term steroid treatment is fraught with complications, novel treatment options are needed.
Source: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Research Correspondence Source Type: research
A 31-year-old man was referred to our institution because of stomach abnormality detected by EGD during a health checkup. He was asymptomatic and without a medical history, history of allergies, or smoking or drinking habits. EGD revealed a characteristic diffusely nodular atrophy limited to the whole gastric body, where pseudopolyposis consisted of isolated normal mucosa (A, white arrowhead). Chromoendoscopy with indigo carmine clearly showed the atrophic border between the gastric body and the angle/antrum (A, black arrowheads).
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: At the focal point Source Type: research
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Parra Vargas V, Aponte DM, Álvarez EA Abstract Russell bodies gastritis is a very rare disease, with few cases reported in literature, and characterized by the finding of plasma cells with eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions in the gastric mucosa, called Mott cells. Although it has been partnered since its first description to Helicobacter pylori infection, it is important to considered differential diagnoses such as lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, plasmacytoma and signet ring cell carcinom. In this case report, we address a patient with histologic...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
This report presents and discusses the case of a 64-year-old female who developed PGSCC arising in the gastric fundus. PMID: 27265923 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Connecticut Medicine - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Conn Med Source Type: research
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