Model Improves Predictions of Myelodysplastic Syndrome Prognosis Model Improves Predictions of Myelodysplastic Syndrome Prognosis

For patients with myelodyplastic syndrome, a machine-learning model provides a look into the future and can predict outcomes for each individual.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news

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Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) in cardiovascular disease Clonal hematopoiesis is a population of related myeloid cells proliferating with an acquired gene mutation. When it is not associated with myelodysplastic syndrome, leukemia or any detectable hematological malignancy, it is called clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP). CHIP is thought to have a role in premature cardiovascular events. It has been thought to be involved in atherosclerosis and degenerative aortic stenosis [1]. CHIP has been shown to increase with age. DNMT3A and TET2 were the most commonly mutated CHIP genes whi...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology Source Type: blogs
Luspatercept is now approved for use in the treatment of anemia in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).FDA Approvals
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Alert Source Type: news
The FDA approved the first and only erythroid maturation agent for the treatment of anemia in patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes.
Source: CancerNetwork - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: news
Purpose of review By establishing mechanisms that deliver oxygen to sustain cells and tissues, fight life-threatening pathogens and harness the immune system to eradicate cancer cells, hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) are vital in health and disease. The cell biological framework for HSPC generation has been rigorously developed, yet recent single-cell transcriptomic analyses have unveiled permutations of the hematopoietic hierarchy that differ considerably from the traditional roadmap. Deploying mutants that disrupt specific steps in hematopoiesis constitutes a powerful strategy for deconvoluting the comp...
Source: Current Opinion in Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: ERYTHROID SYSTEM AND ITS DISEASES: Edited by Narla Mohandas and Sandrina Kinet Source Type: research
Abstract A 70-year-old male was referred to our hospital for marked thrombocytosis without anemia. The patient simultaneously presented with an MPL W515L mutation, one of the major driver mutations in essential thrombocythemia (ET), and deletion of 5q, a characteristic cytogenetic abnormality in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Bone marrow examination showed a combination of both mature hyperlobulated megakaryocytes, as found in ET, and small hypolobulated megakaryocytes, typically found in MDS with del(5q). The present case is consistent with the recently proposed category of myeloid neoplasms with isolated del(5q...
Source: International Journal of Hematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Int J Hematol Source Type: research
This study outlines the fact that adequate prescription of these new investigations may have a significant positive medico-economic impact by allowing appropriate management of the patients. PMID: 32241844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research
PMID: 32246478 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Transfusion - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Transfusion Source Type: research
Condition:   Cancer Intervention:   Drug: PARP Inhibitors Sponsor:   University Hospital, Caen Active, not recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In this study, all 135 patients received CM treatment for at least 36 months. The response rates for CM treatment were 81.53% (106/130) for hematological improvement in 130 MDS-RCMD patients and 80% (4/5) for bone marrow CR in 5 MDS-RAEB patients, respectively. The Human Methylation 850K BeadChip showed that 115 genes (50.88%) were aberrantly hypomethylated in 5 MDS patients compared with 3 healthy individuals. GO-analysis showed that these hypomethylated genes participated in many cancer-related biological functions and pathways. Furthermore, 60 genes were hypermethylated and the protein expression level of DNMT1 was sign...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study showed the frequency and pattern of chromosomal abnormalities of MDS patients in upper northern Thailand were different from other populations. MDS with isolated chromosome 5 abnormalities had clinical characteristics corresponding with patients in good prognosis risk group. However, MDS patients with chromosome 7 and complex abnormalities showed higher percentage blast of BM which high risk to progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Combined CC and FISH techniques detect chromosomal abnormalities with greater frequency than when either technique is used alone.. PMID: 32212788 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
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