Perception and practice of breastfeeding among HIV positive mothers receiving care for prevention of mother to child transmission in South-East, Nigeria

Although the risk of HIV transmission through breastfeeding is reduced considerably with the use of antiretroviral therapy, infant feeding by HIV positive mothers remains controversial. Weighing risks against ...
Source: International Breastfeeding Journal - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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A partial government shutdown has been averted for another two weeks, until December 21, after Congress passed a second stopgap funding bill on December 6, 2018, to fund some parts of the federal government. The bill funds at fiscal year (FY) 2018 levels federal agencies for which fiscal year (FY) 2019 appropriations have not yet been signed into law, including the Department of Interior, Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Science Foundation. Congress had approved several FY 2019 funding bills before going into recess prior to the midterm elections and had passed a continuing resolution to fund the remaini...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
The second volume of the Fourth U.S. National Climate Assessment Report has been released. The document summarizes key climate science findings and highlights the impacts of climate change on communities as well as the U.S. economy. Actions to reduce risks, including global action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, are identified. The first volume, released in October 2017, presented the assessment of the physical science that is the foundation for the second volume. The assessment recognizes that climate change will adversely impact more Americans, particularly low-income communities, cause significant financial losses...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
The White House has released a five-year strategic plan for STEM education, which defines the federal government’s role in advancing STEM education through collaborations with state and local stakeholders, the education community, and industry. The plan identifies several goals, including building foundations for a STEM-literate citizenry, training a STEM workforce for the future, increasing diversity and inclusion, engaging students in interdisciplinary activities, and building computational literacy. In response, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has announced that it will be partnering with other federal ag...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
The National Science Foundation’s (NSF) Directorate for Biological Sciences (BIO) is requesting input from the community on fundamental biological research questions and topics, specifically on the idea of creating “Integration Institutes for Cross-cutting Biology” to integrate diverse sub-disciplines of biology and support collaborative teams of researchers. NSF seeks ideas that span multiple levels of organization in living systems and require expertise from diverse biological subdisciplines. The deadline for submissions is March 1, 2019. The Request for Information is available here: https://www.nsf....
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
Are you a science graduate student looking to make a difference in science policy and funding? The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) is now accepting applications for the 2019 AIBS Emerging Public Policy Leadership Award. This award recognizes graduate students in the biological sciences who are demonstrating an interest and aptitude for working at the intersection of science and policy. Recipients of the AIBS Emerging Public Policy Leadership Award receive: A trip to Washington, DC, to participate in the AIBS Congressional Visits Day, an annual event where scientists meet with lawmakers to advocate for ...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
Reports abound from professional societies, the Academies, government agencies, and researchers calling attention to the fact that science is increasingly an inter-disciplinary, transdisciplinary, inter-institutional, and international endeavor. In short, science has become a “team sport.” There is a real and present need to better prepare scientists for success in this new collaborative environment. The American Institute of Biological Sciences is responding to this call with a new program for scientists, educators, and individuals who work with or participate in scientific teams. Team science is increasingl...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
Representative Frank Lucas (R-OK) will serve as Ranking Member of the House Science Committee next year. "As the Democrats retake control of the House, I look forward to leading my Republican colleagues in holding the new majority accountable and promoting a conservative agenda," he said. Representative Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) is expected to serve as the Chair of the committee. Representative Kay Granger (R-TX) won GOP support to serve as the top Republican on the House Appropriations Committee. She will likely serve alongside Representative Nita Lowey (D-NY), who is expected to be the next Chair and the f...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
Quick, free, easy, effective, impactful! Join the AIBS Legislative Action Center. The Legislative Action Center is a one-stop shop for learning about and influencing science policy. Through the website, users can contact elected officials and sign-up to interact with lawmakers. The website offers tools and resources to inform researchers about recent policy developments. The site also announces opportunities to serve on federal advisory boards and to comment on federal regulations. This new tool is made possible through contributions from the Society for the Study of Evolution and the Botanical Society of America. AIBS an...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
The negatively charged sugar sialic acid (Sia) occupies the outermost position in the bulk of cell surface glycans. Lack of sialylated glycans due to genetic ablation of the Sia-activating enzyme CMP–sialic acid synthase (CMAS) resulted in embryonic lethality around day 9.5 post coitum (E9.5) in mice. Developmental failure was caused by complement activation on trophoblasts in Cmas–/– implants and was accompanied by infiltration of maternal neutrophils at the fetal-maternal interface, intrauterine growth restriction, impaired placental development, and a thickened Reichert’s membrane. This phenotype...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION. In humans, dietary l-carnitine is converted into the atherosclerosis- and thrombosis-promoting metabolite TMAO via 2 sequential gut microbiota–dependent transformations: (a) initial rapid generation of the atherogenic intermediate γBB, followed by (b) transformation into TMA via low-abundance microbiota in omnivores, and to a markedly lower extent, in vegans/vegetarians. Gut microbiota γBB→TMA/TMAO transformation is induced by omnivorous dietary patterns and chronic l-carnitine exposure. TRIAL REGISTRATION. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01731236. FUNDING. NIH and Office of Dietary Supplements gra...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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