Association of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status With Risk of Infection and Sepsis

This study sought to examine the association between neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) and hospitalization for infection and sepsis. It showed that differential infection risk may explain nSES disparities in sepsis incidence, as higher nSES is associated with lower infection hospitalization rates, but there is no association was found with sepsis among those hospitalized. Mediation analysis showed that nSES may influence infection hospitalization risk at least partially through physical weakness, individual income, and comorbid diabetes.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Ismaiil LA, Joumaa WH, Moustafa ME Abstract The excessive exposure of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from mobile phones or their base stations antenna may influence oxidative stress and development of diabetic complications. Here, we investigated the effects of exposing type 2 diabetic rats to EMR of 900 MHz emitted from GSM mobile phone antenna for 24 hours/day over a period of 28 days on hyperglycemia and hepatic oxidative stress. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups (12 rats/group): control rats, normal rats exposed to EMR, ...
Source: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine - Category: Physics Tags: Electromagn Biol Med Source Type: research
Authors: Barton BB, Zagler A, Engl K, Rihs L, Musil R Abstract The information on prevalence of obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular risk (CVR) and on sociodemographic variables available in patients with psychiatric diseases about to be treated with weight gain-associated medication (e.g., clozapine, mirtazapine, quetiapine) is limited. In a naturalistic study, psychiatric inpatients (age: 18-75) of all F diagnoses according to ICD-10, who were about to be treated with weight gain-associated medication, were included. Demographic variables were assessed as well as biological parameters t...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Participants with both diabetes and at least 1 AD risk factor (ie, Obj-SCD, APOE ε4, tau, and p-tau positivity) demonstrated faster functional decline compared with those without both risk factors (diabetes or AD). These findings have implications for early identification of, and perhaps earlier intervention for, diabetic individuals at risk for future functional difficulty. PMID: 31305320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research
Conclusion: In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the influence of chronic diseases (bronchial asthma, diabetes mellitus type 1 and hypothyroidism) on olfactory function in childhood, if any, seems to be insignificant. This is partly in contrast to adult patients. Further research should be conducted in a subgroup of patients with bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis or other comorbidities to better understand the association of allergic diathesis and olfactory function and the putative pathogenesis of olfactory dysfunction.What is known:• The association between smell impairment and chroni...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Conclusion: Advances in the fields of genetic testing, imaging techniques and medical treatment are beginning to provide novel insights into earlier detection, less invasive treatment approaches and fewer complications associated with the complex entity of hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia.What is Known:•HH is caused by dysregulated insulin release from the β cell due to genetic mutations and carries a risk for complications, such as neurocognitive impairment. 18F-DOPA PET/CT scanning is presented as the gold-standard imaging technique currently in children with hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia.•Clinical presen...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Conditions:   Pregnancy;   Overweight and Obesity Interventions:   Behavioral: Diabetes Prevention Program;   Behavioral: Breastfeeding Education;   Behavioral: Usual Care Sponsors:   University of Kansas Medical Center;   Ascension Via Christi St. Joseph;   Kearny County Hospital;   National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Diabetes Intervention:   Device: P0.2 Sponsor:   RSP Systems A/S Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Diabetes Mellitus;   MODY Intervention:   Genetic: Mody test Sponsor:   Université Catholique de Louvain Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Type 1 Diabetes;   Type 2 Diabetes Intervention:   Device: Guardian Sensor (3) Sponsor:   Medtronic Diabetes Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   HBA1c;   Body Weight;   Hypoglycemia Intervention:   Other: de-escalation of complex insulin regimens Sponsors:   Bekes County Central Hospital;   University of Debrecen;   Szeged University Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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