Eczema: Watch out for these six types of the itchy skin condition

ECZEMA is the name for a group of skin conditions that cause dry, irritated skin. The most common type of eczema, which is most often associated with the general term, is atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema. However, there are also other forms of eczema, which have differing symptoms.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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ConclusionsAdults with AD had low rates of outpatient and high rates of urgent care, ED, and hospital visits. The major predictor of outpatient utilization for AD care was AD severity. Racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and/or health care disparities reduce outpatient utilization and increase urgent care, ED, and hospital utilization.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Red, itchy and inflamed skin is a well-known symptom of what's generally called eczema. While there are a variety of conditions described in this way, the most common type of eczema is atopic dermatitis. Occasionally, complications develop and the skin becomes infected. When this happens, there are a number of treatment options available. Consult your doctor or medical practitioner if you have any questions regarding your eczema treatment plan, but in the meantime, here are some things you'll want to know about the condition. When eczema becomes infected, there are a variety of treatments.  What causes an ec...
Source: Advanced Tissue - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Wound Care Wound Infection Source Type: news
(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Scratching the skin triggers a series of immune responses culminating in an increased number of activated mast cells -- immune cells involved in allergic reactions -- in the small intestine, according to research conducted in mice. This newly identified skin-gut communication helps illuminate the relationship between food allergy and atopic dermatitis (a type of eczema), a disease characterized by dry, itchy skin. The NIAID-supported study was led by researchers at Boston Children's Hospital.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Itch is the most bothersome symptom of atopic dermatitis (AD). Improvement in itch is an important marker of treatment benefit in AD patients. In dupilumab (DPL) phase 3, double-blind, placebo (PBO)-controlled trials, we assessed intensity and frequency of itch using Peak Pruritus Numerical Rating Scale (PP-NRS), Scoring AD (SCORAD) itch Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM) itch item, in adults with moderate-to-severe AD who received DPL 300mg every 2 weeks (q2w) or PBO monotherapy (pooled SOLO 1&2: NCT02277743, NCT02277769; 16-week [Wk]), or combined with topical corticosteroids (CHRONOS: ...
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Interventional Studies, Clinical and Patient Outcomes Research Source Type: research
A Phase 1b, multi-center, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled study was conducted in 48 adult patients with mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis (AD). 17, and 14 patients received SB414 2% cream, SB414 6% cream and vehicle, respectively, twice daily for 2 weeks. SB414 showed trends suggestive of efficacy based on the change in eczema area severity index (EASI), itch numerical rating score (NRS) and target lesion severity score. Both SB414 2% and 6% were well tolerated, but 2% had a more favorable local tolerability profile with no quantifiable systemic exposure.
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Interventional Studies, Clinical and Patient Outcomes Research Source Type: research
Quality of life (QOL) assessments are not standardized in atopic dermatitis (AD). We sought to determine the validity of Short-Form 12 (SF-12), a generic QOL assessment, in AD and compare its measurement properties with Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). A cross-sectional, population-based study of 3495 adults was performed, including 602 that met a modified UK Working Party Criteria for AD. SF-12 mental component score (MCS) and SF-6D had a strong correlation with each other, and moderate inverse correlations with Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure, Patient Oriented-Scoring AD (PO-SCORAD), PO-SCORAD –itch, PO-SCORA...
Source: Journal of Investigative Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Structured patient-reported outcomes of AD severity are not standardized in clinical practice. We sought to determine the construct validity, internal consistency, cross-cultural validity, floor or ceiling effects of multiple AD severity assessments. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study of 2893 adults, including 602 adults that met a modified UK Diagnostic Criteria for AD. AD severity was assessed using self-reported global AD severity, Patient-Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM), Patient-Oriented Scoring AD (PO-SCORAD) and its objective and subjective components, and numerical r...
Source: The British Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Br J Dermatol Source Type: research
In this study we used HPLC and LC/MS analysis, combined with a BATMAN-TCM platform, for detailed HPLC fingerprint analysis and network pharmacology of QP, and investigated the anti-inflammatory and antipruritic activities of QP on ACD induced by squaric acid dibutylester (SADBE) in mice. The BATMAN-TCM analysis provided information of effector molecules of the main ingredients of QP, and possible chronic dermatitis-associated molecules and cell signaling pathways by QP. In ACD mice, QP treatment suppressed the scratching behavior induced by SADBE in a dose-dependent manner and inhibited the production of Th1/2 cytokines in...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The relationship between atopic dermatitis (AD), anxiety and depression in the U.S. adult population is not well established. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship of AD and its severity with symptoms and diagnosis of anxiety and depression in U.S. adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study of 2893 adults was performed. AD was determined using modified U.K. Diagnostic Criteria. RESULTS: Adults with AD vs. those without AD had higher mean Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale anxiety (HADS-A) (7·7 vs. 5·6) and depression (HADS-D) (6·0 vs. ...
Source: The British Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Br J Dermatol Source Type: research
The findings of this Cochrane Review may challenge the prescribing of H1 antihistamines for patients with eczema.This Cochrane Review assessed theeffects of oral H1 antihistamines as'add-on'therapy to topical treatment in adults and children with eczema. Are H1 antihistamines taken as tablets or liquid, effective and safe in people of any age with diagnosed eczema, if given in addition to creams and ointments, compared to treatment with an inactive substance (placebo) or nothing added to creams and ointments?Eczema (also known as'atopic eczema/dermatitis') is a skin disorder frequently affecting both children and adults. I...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
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