Comparison of the Demirjian and Root Resorption Methods to Estimate Dental Age in Radiographic Images

Source: Journal of Dentistry for Children - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Scientific Article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical RheumatologyAuthor(s): Clementina López-Medina, Anna MoltóAbstractAxial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is the prototype of a class of a rheumatic chronic inflammatory disease named spondyloarthritis (SpA).The prevalence of axSpA ranges between 0.1% and 1.4% globally, hence showing geographic differences that can be explained mostly by the prevalence of the HLA-B27 antigen. However, not many studies have evaluated the incidence of this disease.Inflammation may be initiated in the enthesis as a consequence of the action o...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
We present a comprehensive review of the indications for spinal imaging in the trauma setting, describe each imaging modality including plain radiographs, multidetector computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, basic anatomy and common fracture patterns, and discuss the traditional spinal injury classification systems and the new Subaxial Cervical Spine Injury Classification and Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity score.
Source: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the intra- and interobserver agreement for fracture classifications of the glenoid, using either plain radiographs, computed tomography (CT) scans. The study was retrospective, using images with a variety of fracture types. Six observers classified the fracture patterns. Classifications of Ideberg, OTAAO, Mayo and Euler/Ruedi were used. Agreement was determined using kappa coefficients. Currently used glenoid fracture classification systems have a fair to moderate intraobserver reliability. Combining plain radiographs and CT scans led to a better observer agreement. For interoberserver reliabil...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
Authors: Ghandour TM, Elghazaly SA, Ghandour AM Abstract The study had been carried out to investigate the relation of sclerosis of the greater tuberosity to cuff tear, or whether this may signify partial or complete tear.This retrospective study conducted on 425 patients, 250 Females (58.8%) and 175 males (41.2%). Dominant side was affected in 342 Patients (80%). The average age in males was 46 years (24-68 years) and 54.5 years in Females (44-65 years). Greater tuberosity sclerosis had 93.5% sensitivity for rotator cuff tear, 67.5% specificity, 90.4% positive predictive value (PPV), 51.9% negative Predictive valu...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
The objective of this retrospective study was to compare open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with primary partial arthrodesis for the treatment of Lisfranc injuries accompanied by comminution of the second metatarsal base. Thirty-four patients were treated with ORIF or primary partial arthrodesis from 2007 to 2013. The patients were followed for an average of 28.5 months. Evaluation was performed with clinical examination, radiography, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Midfoot Score, and the Short Form 36 (SF-36). Fifteen patients were treated with ORIF, and ninetee...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Acta Orthop Belg Source Type: research
Authors: Stjepanović M, Škodrić-Trifunović V, Radisavljević-Pavlović S, Roksandić-Milenković M, Milin-Lazović J, Babić U, Mašković J, Buha I, Stojković-Lalošević M, Stojković M, Mihailović-Vučinić V Abstract Currently, topical are studies that examine different reasons for delay of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and its impact on disease prognosis. The aim was to examine three time periods associated with treatment delay: patient related, health system related and total delay. This retrospective-prospective study included 100 consecutive patients hospitalized at Department of Pulmo...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Authors: Zadravec D, Badel T, Smoljan M, Čimić S, Katavić N, Savić Pavičin I Abstract The aim of the study was to analyze zygomatic air cell defect (ZACD) incidence using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and validity of panoramic radiograph as a comparative method of ZACD diagnostics. The connection between ZACD incidence, age, left/right temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and comorbidity with diagnosis of TMJ disorder was analyzed. Panoramic radiographs and MRIs of 140 TMJs of 70 consecutive patients with previously confirmed TMJ diagnosis were compared in the study. A grading system (4-point scale from '0' for ab...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate screw choices for three-dimensional (3D) digital pre-operative planning of osteosynthesis of distal radius fractures and to compare with the screw choices for the conventional method. METHODS: Distal radius fracture patients who underwent osteosynthesis using volar locking plates were evaluated. Thirty wrists in the plan group utilized 3D preoperative planning, and nineteen wrists in the control group utilized conventional preoperative assessment. In the plan group, the 3D preoperative planning was performed prior to surgery. The reduction was simulated with 3D image, and th...
Source: Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We believe that computer-assisted 3D corrective osteotomy using prefabricated bone graft substitute achieved good results because it worked as a guide to the accurate angle. PMID: 30428808 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol Source Type: research
We report two rare cases of existing or worsening symptoms due to Kienböck's disease after distal radius fracture (DRF). During examination, radiographs show changes in the lunate bone; there was persistent wrist pain after treatment for DRF. In each case, surgeries were performed: A combined therapy (bone marrow transfusion, bone peg graft, external fixation, and low intensity pulsed ultrasound) for one, as well as carpal coalition for another. The etiology of these case presentations suggest that a compression fracture of the lunate due to a DRF resulted in softening and sclerosis. PMID: 30428800 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hand Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol Source Type: research
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