Opting out of vaccines leaves US 'hot spots' vulnerable for outbreaks

A number of American states and metropolitan "hot spots" are vulnerable to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable disease, new research suggests. The reason? Children whose parents opted out of vaccination.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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ler After more than 28,000 Ebola virus disease cases and at least 11,000 deaths in West Africa during the 2014–2016 epidemic, the world remains without a licensed vaccine or therapeutic broadly available and demonstrated to alleviate suffering. This deficiency has been felt acutely in the two, short, following years with two Ebola virus outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and a Marburg virus outbreak in Uganda. Despite billions of U.S. dollars invested in developing medical countermeasures for filoviruses in the antecedent decades, resulting in an array of preventative, diagnostic, and therap...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
GIDEON what’s new summary: August 18 to August 18, 2018 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (13 updates) 13 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (617 updates) 48 Clinical notes216 Diseases353 Country notesMap Infectious Diseases – Drugs (1 updates) 1 Drug Infectious Diseases – Vaccines (1 updates) 1 Vaccine The post Update: August 18, 2018 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: What's New Source Type: blogs
Authors: Wang Y, Sun J, Zhu A, Zhao J, Zhao J Abstract Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a highly lethal respiratory disease caused by a novel betacoronavirus (MERS coronavirus, MERS-CoV). Since its first emergence in 2012, multiple transmission events of MERS-CoV (dromedary to human and human to human) have been reported, indicating that MERS-CoV has the potential to cause widespread outbreak. However, the epidemiology of MERS as well as immune responses against the virus in animal models and patients are still not well understood, hindering the vaccine and therapeutic developments. In this review, we sum...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2018Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): César Luis Medrano-Díaz, Arturo Vega-González, Estela Ruiz-Baca, Abel Moreno, Mayra Cuéllar-CruzAbstractIn recent years, C. albicans and C. glabrata have been identified as the main cause of candidemia and invasive candidiasis in hospitalized and immunocompromised patients. In order to colonize the human host, these fungi express several virulence factors such as the response to oxidative stress and the formation of biofilms. In the expression of these virulence factors, the cell wall of C. albicans and C. ...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region faces a dual challenge with regard to influenza infection due to severe zoonotic influenza outbreaks episodes and the circulation of Northern Hemisphere human influenza viruses among pilgrims.
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractAt the end of 2016, Brazil experienced an unprecedented yellow fever (YF) outbreak. Clinical, molecular and ecological aspects of human and non-human primate (NHP) samples collected at the beginning of the outbreak are described in this study. Spatial distribution analyses demonstrated a strong overlap between human and NHP cases. Through molecular analyses, we showed that the outbreak had a sylvatic origin, caused by the South American genotype 1 YFV, which has already been shown to circulate in Brazil. As expected, the clusters of cases were identified in regions with a low vaccination coverage. Our findings high...
Source: EcoHealth - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.
Source: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Source Type: research
The Northern Kentucky Health Department today strongly urged all residents to get vaccinated against the hepatitis A virus, noting that the number of cases in Boone, Campbell, Grant and Kenton counties jumped in July and continues to climb this month. Of particular concern, the department stated, is a case of hepatitis A diagnosed in an employee who handled food at the Newport Syndicate, an events center at 18 E. Fifth St. that specializes in corporate functions and weddings. An investigation found…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
This study was carried out during a varicella outbreak in 3 preschools in İzmir, Turkey, in April 2016. Using questionnaires, data including children`s medical and vaccination histories were collected from their parents. Attack rates in vaccinated and unvaccinated children were calculated and the analyses of vaccine effectiveness and of risk factors for breakthrough disease were conducted. A total of 124 children were enrolled in the study. Of the 124 children, 77 (62%) had received 1-dose varicella vaccine before the outbreak. Varicella developed in 34 of 124 children during the outbreak, and 18 of them (53%) had breakth...
Source: The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Turk J Pediatr Source Type: research
Officials are hoping a new treatment can help patients already infected with the deadly virus, as they continue a vaccination campaign to prevent it.
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news
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