Opting out of vaccines leaves US 'hot spots' vulnerable for outbreaks

A number of American states and metropolitan "hot spots" are vulnerable to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable disease, new research suggests. The reason? Children whose parents opted out of vaccination.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Warming weather usually slows transmission of the virus, but it is not clear that this outbreak is fading, experts said.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Measles Vaccination and Immunization Parenting Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Associated Press Clark County (Wash) Vashon Island (Wash) New York City your-feed-science Source Type: news
GIDEON what’s new summary: May 16 to May 19, 2019 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (9 updates) 9 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (166 updates) 58 Diseases108 Country notesMap Infectious Diseases – Drugs (1 updates) 1 Drug Infectious Diseases – Vaccines (1 updates) 1 Vaccine The post Update: May 19, 2019 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: What's New Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Kahina Kali, Moustafa Kardjadj, Nacera Touaghit, Fatma Yahiaoui, Meriem Hind Ben-MahdiAbstractSheep pox is a disease of veterinary concern to small ruminant producers and veterinary diagnosticians, because of the associated tangible economic losses. The epidemiological analysis of sheep pox, among vaccinated sheep flock in Algeria from 2007 to 2016, showed that the disease outbreaks occurred every year and across all Algeria region with an average of 44.9 outbreaks per year, these outbreaks correlate...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: CellAuthor(s): Carl W. Davis, Katherine J.L. Jackson, Anita K. McElroy, Peter Halfmann, Jessica Huang, Chakravarthy Chennareddy, Ashley E. Piper, Yvonne Leung, César G. Albariño, Ian Crozier, Ali H. Ellebedy, John Sidney, Alessandro Sette, Tianwei Yu, Sandra C.A. Nielsen, Arthur J. Goff, Christina F. Spiropoulou, Erica Ollman Saphire, Guy Cavet, Yoshihiro KawaokaSummaryEbola virus (EBOV) remains a public health threat. We performed a longitudinal study of B cell responses to EBOV in four survivors of the 2014 West African outbreak. Infection induced lastin...
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Cynthia J Snider, Khalequ Zaman, Concepcion F Estivariz, Mohammad Yunus, William C Weldon, Kathleen A Wannemuehler, M Steven Oberste, Mark A Pallansch, Steven GF Wassilak, Tajul Islam A Bari, Abhijeet AnandSummaryBackgroundIntradermal administration of fractional inactivated poliovirus vaccine (fIPV) is a dose-sparing alternative to the intramuscular full dose. We aimed to compare the immunogenicity of two fIPV doses versus one IPV dose for routine immunisation, and also assessed the immunogenicity of an fIPV booster dose for an outbreak response.Me...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
[East African] A week after the US Food and Drug Administration approved the first vaccine for dengue, Dengvaxia, Tanzania is working to contain the spread of an outbreak that was first reported last month, with increased surveillance.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Over the past decades there have been outbreaks of mumps in many countries, even in populations that were vaccinated. Some studies suggest that the incidence of mumps is related to meteorological changes, but ...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] New York -Documented attacks on health workers in conflict areas increased dramatically last year, endangering both children waiting for polio vaccines and efforts to contain the latest outbreak of Ebola, research showed on Wednesday.
Source: AllAfrica News: Polio - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Jianrong Li Human norovirus (HuNoV) is responsible for more than 95% of outbreaks of acute nonbacterial gastroenteritis worldwide. Despite major efforts, there are no vaccines or effective therapeutic interventions against this virus. Chicken immunoglobulin Y (IgY)-based passive immunization has been shown to be an effective strategy to prevent and treat many enteric viral diseases. Here, we developed a highly efficient bioreactor to generate high titers of HuNoV-specific IgY in chicken yolks using a recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus expressing HuNoV capsid protein (rVSV-VP1) as an antigen. We first demonstrated...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
A set of  measles outbreaks in Washington state, New York City, and elsewhere, is making national headlines and frightening parents around the United States. Counter-intuitively, measles making the news is a sign of progress. Not long ago, measles was so common that it was simply not newsworthy. Suffer ing from the extremely infectious disease, which causes spotty rashes and a hacking cough, was widespread and often deadly.It was once the case that even royalty fell victim to diseases now easily preventable with routine shots given during childhood.  Measles killed the un-vaccin...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
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