Opting out of vaccines leaves US 'hot spots' vulnerable for outbreaks

A number of American states and metropolitan "hot spots" are vulnerable to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable disease, new research suggests. The reason? Children whose parents opted out of vaccination.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Related Links:

ConclusionTo resolve this problem, there is a need for an oral cholera vaccine to be introduced. There is also a need to develop strategies and interventions relating to water, sanitation, and hygiene, to be initiated by the Ministry of Health, with component activities that are culturally tailored to Ghanaian communities. Policy change towards the prevention of outbreaks in Ghana is identified as another requisite.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
GIDEON what’s new summary: June 11 to June 14, 2018 Infectious Diseases – Outbreaks (9 updates) 9 DiseasesMap Infectious Diseases – Diseases (83 updates) 38 Diseases44 Country notes1 New Country Synonyms AddedMap Infectious Diseases – Drugs (4 updates) 4 Drugs Infectious Diseases – Vaccines (3 updates) 2 Vaccines1 New Vaccine Synonyms Added The post Update: June 14, 2018 appeared first on GIDEON - Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network.
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: What's New Source Type: blogs
A number of American states and metropolitan "hot spots" are vulnerable to outbreaks of vaccine-preventable disease, new research suggests. The reason? Children whose parents opted out of vaccination.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Since 2009, the number of 'philosophical-belief' vaccine nonmedical exemptions has risen in 12 of 18 U.S. states that currently allow this policy, researchers find.
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Health Source Type: news
(Howard Hughes Medical Institute) A weakened version of the bacteria that causes cholera provides quick protection to rabbits. The vaccine may one day stop outbreaks of the deadly intestinal disease.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
(Association for Professionals in Infection Control) The decline in vaccination rates across communities has led to the resurgence of diseases like measles and mumps, and recent outbreaks have demonstrated the importance of an integrated infection prevention response, according to new research presented at the 45th Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
In this study, a total of 234 blood samples from clinically affected animals from four provinces in the northwest of Iran were screened for LSDV using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). From 80 positive samples for LSDV detected by PCR, the partial P32 gene (759  bp) of 12 isolates were sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed. LSD viruses were grouped in three subclusters with an overall 97.1–100% nucleotide identity. LSDVs isolated from Gilan showed lowest nucleotide identity with the other LSDVs. Four isolates of LSDV including KO-1, EA-1, EA-3, and WA -3 showed 100% similarity with each other and also with the ...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Outbreaks of cholera, a rapidly fatal diarrheal disease, often spread explosively. The efficacy of reactive vaccination campaigns—deploying Vibrio cholerae vaccines during epidemics—is partially limited by the time required for vaccine recipients to develop adaptive immunity. We created HaitiV, a live attenuated cholera vaccine candidate, by deleting diarrheagenic factors from a recent clinical isolate of V. cholerae and incorporating safeguards against vaccine reversion. We demonstrate that administration of HaitiV 24 hours before lethal challenge with wild-type V. cholerae reduced intestinal colonization by t...
Source: Science Translational Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research
Public Health England is advising the public to ensure they have had two doses of the MMR vaccine after outbreaks of measles are confirmed across England.
Source: NHS Networks - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
(PLOS) Non-medical exemptions from childhood vaccinations are rising in some areas of the United States, creating a risk of vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks, argue Peter Hotez, Melissa Nolan, Jackie Nolan, and Ashish Damania in a Policy Forum article in PLOS Medicine.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
More News: Children | Health | Outbreaks | Vaccines