Endocarditis: Any Invasive Procedure Is a Risk

(MedPage Today) -- Infections linked to wide range of tissue breaches
Source: MedPage Today Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: news

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We present a case of surgical treatment of TAVR-PVE in a 75-years-old patient. The success of the treatment is based on the reduction of the operative trauma and length of the procedure with the use of minimally invasive right-sided thoracotomy and Perceval® sutureless aortic valve prosthesis (LivaNova, London, UK).
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
In this study we explored the biological role of the capsule ofE. faecium. Our findings showed that the U0317 strain is not only sensitive to anti-LTA but also to antibodies against other enterococcal surface proteins. Our findings demonstrate that polysaccharides capsule mediated-resistance to opsonophagocytosis. We also found that the capsular polysaccharides do not play an important role in bacterial virulence in urinary tract and infective endocarditisin vivo models.
Source: Glycoconjugate Journal - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewInfective endocarditis (IE) is a significant risk and complication in patients with a history of intravenous (IV) drug use (DU), and treatments are becoming more invasive as infections become more serious. IV drug use is an extremely addictive behavior and challenging behavior to address, and patients are at high risk of relapse to IV drug use even after successful IE treatment. Addressing the underlying cause with behavioral modification is essential to prevent behavior and subsequent infection recurrence. Treatments depend on a multidisciplinary approach to address the physiologic and underlying ...
Source: Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Nosocomial infections have become alarming with the increase of multidrug resistant bacterial strains of Acinetobacter baumannii. Being the causative agent in approximately 80% of the cases, these pathogenic gram-negative species could be deadly for hospitalized patients, especially in intensive care units utilizing ventilators, urinary catheters and nasogastric tubes. Primarily infecting an immuno-compromised system, they are resistant to most antibiotics and are the root cause of various types of opportunistic infections including but not limited to septicemia, endocarditis, meningitis, pneumonia, skin and wound sepsis a...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Little is known about the subsequent risk of stroke and recurrence of IE for patients surviving infective endocarditis (IE) with a residual vegetation at discharge.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Communication to the Editor: case report Source Type: research
Ischemic stroke is one of the most common complications of infective endocarditis (IE). IE must be considered as one of the causes of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO), but early diagnosis of IE is difficult. AIS with ELVO must be treated using endovascular thrombectomy (EVT), with or without intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). IVT for AIS due to IE is not well established and remains controversial because of the risk of intracranial hemorrhage. A 42-year-old man suffered from right hemiparesis and disorientation, and AIS with ELVO was diagnosed.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Infective endocarditis (IE) is rare in children. Limited data have been reported on long-term outcomes of children who undergo surgery for IE.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Fungal endocarditis (FE) is an infrequent, but a lethal condition. Candida and Aspergillus species are the two most commonly implicated pathogenic fungi. Clinical presentation is most often that of a fever of unknown origin which is hard to differentiate from bacterial endocarditis. The diagnosis of FE is extremely challenging and now shifting towards molecular diagnostic techniques. Rapid and aggressive treatment with a combination of antifungal therapy and surgical debridement is imperative to improve outcomes. PMID: 31215523 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Polish Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Kardiol Pol Source Type: research
New England Journal of Medicine,Volume 380, Issue 25, June 2019.
Source: New England Journal of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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