Limiting Chemo to High-Risk Rectal Cancer Called Feasible

(MedPage Today) -- Approach that includes MRI-based selection didn't boost local recurrence rates
Source: MedPage Today Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThe use of prophylactic pelvic drainage after anterior rectal resections does not provide significant benefits with respect to anastomotic leaks and overall complication rates. However, an approximately threefold reduction of the postoperative mortality of the drained patients was observed. Given the limitations of the present study, these findings warrant the use of a drain after anterior rectal resection. Nevertheless, due to the low quality of the available data, further multicenter trials with uniform inclusion criteria are needed to evaluate drain usage in the anterior rectal resection.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeDespite a high incidence of fecal incontinence following sphincter-preservation surgery (SPS), there are no definitive factors measured before ileostomy reversal that predict fecal incontinence. We investigated whether vector volume anorectal manometry before ileostomy reversal predicts major fecal incontinence following SPS in patients with mid or low rectal cancer.MethodsThis longitudinal prospective cohort study comprised 173 patients who underwent vector volume anorectal manometry before ileostomy reversal. The Fecal Incontinence Severity Index was measured 1  year after the primary SPS and classifi...
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsLL can achieve equivalent lymph node yield to HL, and both procedures have similar survival benefits. However, LL is associated with a lower incidence of leakage and urethral dysfunction. Thus, LL is recommended for colorectal cancer surgery.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Up to 60% of patients (pts) with prostate cancer that extends beyond the prostatic capsule will have positive resection margins following radical prostatectomy. Post-operative radiation therapy (PostOp) is routinely offered to those pts. Although this improves local control and overall survival, it results in significantly more late toxicity than surgery alone. Pre-operative radiation therapy (PreOp) has become the standard for soft tissue sarcoma and rectal cancer, improving local control and reducing toxicity compared to PostOp.
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
An increased risk of pelvic fracture is noted in rectal cancer survivors after radiotherapy. Radiotherapy was associated with a higher pelvic fracture rate in women but not in men. AbstractTo determine whether radiotherapy (RT) can increase pelvic fracture risk in rectal cancer survivors. Rectal cancer patients who underwent curative surgery between 1996 and 2011 in Taiwan were retrospectively studied using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan. ICD ‐9 Codes 808, 805.4‐805.7, 806.4‐806.7, and 820 (including pelvic, sacrum, lumbar, and femoral neck fracture) were defined as pelvic fracture....
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Condition:   Colorectal Cancer Intervention:   Device: CB-17-08 SaMD Sponsor:   Cosmo Technologies Ltd Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION: TRUS can with great precision establish whether the tumor is benign so correct local treatment can be instituted. PMID: 31090476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
We report a case of large skin ulceration around a colostomy and delayed healing caused by ramucirumab. A 58-year-old patient diagnosed with rectal cancer with liver and lung metastases. He was administered folinic acid, fluorouracil (5-FU), and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) and bevacizumab as first-line treatment. A laparoscopic colostomy was performed for suspected worsening of the bowel obstruction. He was then administered folinic acid, 5 fluorouracil, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) and ramucirumab as second-line treatment after surgery. However, dehiscence and a small skin ulceration caused by ramucirumab developed around the colost...
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeData on the incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) is conflicting, and it is unknown if the incidence is constant, declining, or increasing. Proximal colon cancer is considered to be more common among older individuals, but recent data have shown that rectal cancer and distal colon cancer have been increasing in the younger population. The aim of this study was to determine the trends regarding CRC incidence and tumour location in Sweden.MethodsCRC statistics from the National Board of Health and Welfare 1995 –2015 were used. CRC incidence rates by age group (
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
(The Lancet) The incidence of colon and rectal cancer in adults younger than 50 years has increased substantially over the latest available 10-year period in several high-income countries, going against a decline or stabilisation trend in the incidence of colorectal cancers within the overall populations of high-income countries.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
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