COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Life Expectancy

Title: COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Life ExpectancyCategory: Diseases and ConditionsCreated: 12/31/1997 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 2/6/2018 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet Lungs General - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: news

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This study aims at investigating the expressions of TOLL-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9)/ tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) in pulmonary blood vessels with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and their relationships with pulmonary vascular remodelling (PVR). METHODS: 60 para-tumour tissues were divided into the COPD group and the control group (n=30); the inflammations, pulmonary artery wall area/total artery area (WA%), and wall thickness/vascular outer diameter (WT%) were compared. The expressions of TLR-4, MMP-9/TIMP-1, and PCNA in pulmonary vascular smooth muscle c...
Source: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Condition:   COPD Interventions:   Device: Targeted Lung Denervation (TLD);   Other: Optimal Medical Care Sponsor:   Nuvaira, Inc. Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study aimed to validate the Turkish version of the LCQ in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with cough. Materials and methods: COPD (GOLD B, C, D) patients over age 40 (n = 75) and healthy volunteers as a control group (n = 75) were included. A sociodemographic data form, the LCQ, the Short Form-36 (SF-36) quality of life questionnaire, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Form for Turkish people were completed. The internal reliability of the LCQ was determined using the Cronbach alpha coefficient (>0.6) and its repeatability by the intraclass consistency coefficient ...
Source: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Turk J Med Sci Source Type: research
Background: Asthma- COPD overlap (ACO) is a clinical phenotype sharing features of asthma and COPD. Multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT) can be used to evaluate the airway structure; however, differences between asthma and ACO seen on MDCT are poorly understood.Objective: To investigate the difference in airway structural between asthma and ACO using MDCT in patients with clinical asthma.Methods:Sixty-four patients with asthma were allocated to an asthma group (neversmokers and ex-smokers with a smoking history of
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) lose weight. Successful nutritional intervention is vital, thus assessment of energy requirement is required. The aim of this study was to present an improved possibility to assess energy requirement in patients with COPD.
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
Smoke inhalation injury (SII) is due to respiratory and pulmonary parenchymal damage caused by smoke or toxic substances with/without heat [1], which can result in multiple complications, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) [2] and serious respiratory failure [3]. SII also may lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) [4]. To victims of fire tragedies, SII is a main factor in morbidity and mortality [5]. Relevant data suggests that 10% –30% of burn patients are comorbid with SII.
Source: Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang Y, Hu C, Bian Z, Chen P Abstract There are a lot of controversies pertaining to correctness of timing for the initiation of dialysis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. The present study was conducted to examine the potential association of initiation timing of dialyses with long-term prognosis in CKD patients. In total, 294 patients confirmed as end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were included as study subjects. According to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at initiation time, the patients were classified into four groups based on eGFR: ≥10.5, 8-10.4, 6-8 and
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disorder affecting more than 200 million people around the world, resulting in three million deaths per year. COPD is characterized by the loss of lung tissue and airway remodelling, with chronic inflammation of the airways and progressive destruction of lung parenchyma. The use of stem cells may lead to regenerative processes that address biological damage. However, this approach raises ethical issues that need to be considered in clinical trials using stem cell therapy, such as informed consent, patient recruitment and harm minimization, as well as the i...
Source: Clin Med Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Clin Med Res Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS Inhibited CXCL10 protects against COPD progression by decreasing secretion of inflammatory factors, which provides a new direction for the clinical prevention and treatment of COPD. PMID: 30118441 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
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