Indonesia declares Papua health crisis under control
JAKARTA (Reuters) - A measles and malnutrition crisis that killed dozens of children in Indonesia's impoverished province of Papua over the past few months is under control, the health ministry said on Tuesday.
This report explains the UK's strategy towards measles and rubella elimination. It focuses on four core components: achieve and sustain ≥ 95% coverage in the routine childhood programme; achieve ≥ 95% coverage with 2 doses of MMR vaccine in older age cohorts through opportunistic and targeted catch-up; strengthen measles and rubella surveillance; and ensure easy access to high-quality, evidence-based information.
[Shabait] Barentu -At an assessment meeting conducted in Barentu on 13 January it was reported that successful measles and rubella vaccination and Vitamin A distribution was conducted in the Gash Barka region through strong participation of the public and stakeholders. The vaccination program was conducted from 21 to 30 November 2018.
Geetanjali Lal, Maitreyi S. Rajala
[Nigeria Health Watch] A one-year-old child with suspected measles is lying in one of the small rooms outside the emergency paediatric unit of the General Hospital, close to the Emir's palace in Katsina city. He was brought in two days ago and is surrounded by his mother and two other relatives. The boy is just one of the many children that have presented with the same condition in the last year, according to the nurse on duty. The acting state coordinator of the World Health Organisation in Katsina, Dr. Emanuel Okpe, who suppor
AbstractHigh dose vitamin A (HDVA) concentrate began to be distributed in India in 1970 as a short-term, stop-gap approach to reduce clinical signs of vitamin A deficiency. As this problem declined globally, the purpose of distributing them changed to the reduction of young child mortality. However, their impact on this has also declined, if not disappeared, as suggested in India by the enormous DEVTA study. This may be because of improved protection against and treatment of the main morbidity involved, measles and diarrhea. At the same time, semi-annual provision of mega-doses of vitamin A is not without risks, in particu...
This article discusses ways to overcome the barriers to move varicella forward as a truly vaccine preventable disease.
Publication date: Available online 10 January 2019Source: EpidemicsAuthor(s): Sang Woo Park, David Champredon, Joshua S. Weitz, Jonathan DushoffAbstractInfectious-disease outbreaks are often characterized by the reproduction number R and exponential rate of growth r. R provides information about outbreak control and predicted final size, but estimating R is difficult, while r can often be estimated directly from incidence data. These quantities are linked by the generation interval – the time between when an individual is infected by an infector, and when that infector was infected. It is often infeasible to obtain t...
trutt Immunopathologic examination of the lungs of mouse models of experimental influenza virus infection provides new insights into the immune response in this disease. First, there is rapidly developing perivascular and peribronchial infiltration of the lung with T-cells. This is followed by invasion of T-cells into the bronchiolar epithelium, and separation of epithelial cells from each other and from the basement membrane leading to defoliation of the bronchial epithelium. The intraepithelial reaction may involve either CD8 or CD4 T-cytotoxic cells and is analogous to a viral exanthema of the skin, such as measles ...
In one county alone, more than 100 cases have been confirmed since October.
Public Health England ’s new measles and rubella elimination strategy depicts a future that is free of measles, rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS).