How will artificial intelligence enhance radiology?

Success for artificial intelligence in radiology will be determined by its...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI, radiomics help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans AI-based chatbot answers routine radiology questions AI's role in radiology evolving toward a promising future Machine learning could reduce inappropriate knee MRI scans Can radiology ever be more like widget manufacturing?
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Rationale: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a safe and effective local treatment modality with a low complication rate and is commonly used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The clinical outcome of RFA may be closely related to the location, size, and shape of index tumors, and major complications, including hemorrhage, liver abscess, infarction, visceral organ perforation, hemothorax, pneumothorax, tumoral seeding, and hepatic failure. Cardiac tamponade is a rare and serious life-threatening complication associated with RFA. To date, a review of the medical literature reported 5 cases of cardiac tamponade after R...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: High-dose IFN-α treatment is a cost-effective option, especially for patients without CNS involvement. Single target lesion SUV elevation according to FDG-PET do not accurately demonstrate disease progression, but serial FDG-PET imaging effectively discriminate treatment response.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 615. Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Commercially Available Therapy, excluding Transplantation Source Type: research
In 2016, the World Health Organization provisionally classified Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive mucocutaneous ulcer (EBVMCU) as a lymphoid neoplasm under the subcategory of mature B-cell neoplasms. Here we describe a 59-year-old Chinese woman with a long history of recurrent sinus and oropharyngeal infections and was diagnosed initially with EBVMCU and later, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). She had sought medical attention after a particularly long bout of increased facial pressure and nasal obstruction. As a young adult she had undergone a tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, and received innumerable treatments for bron...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 623. Mantle Cell, Follicular, and Other Indolent B-Cell Lymphoma-Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Conclusion: Multidrug-resistant bacteria infection is a common and yet fatal complication in SAA patients. These patients usually experience a prolonged period of neutropenia when undergoing HSCT. We demonstrate here that when being combined with the utilization of broad spectrum antibiotics, repeated GTXs from donor source prove to be an effective therapy for controlling these infections, thereby reducing early death and improving successful rate of allo-HSCT. Therefore, GTXs are recommended as, at best, a "bridge" procedure, that may protect the patient from fatal infections until myeloid recovery ensuesDisclos...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 201. Granulocytes, Monocytes, and Macrophages Source Type: research
Conclusion: Study reveals a high prevalance of potentially treatable extra pulmonary and pulmonary comorbidities. We recommend a list of these treatable comorbidities be included as part of the standard work up of COPD patients undergoing CT as it would enable better patient outcomes.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Problems Source Type: research
Regional analysis by CT could be an attractive technique to interpret lung patterns after LT. We evaluate the application of CT functional mask derived parameters to determine whether development of PGD is associated with short and/or long term postoperative evidences of pulmonary function alterations.18 consecutive patients who underwent bilateral LT were recruited. Patients were evaluated at 24, 48 and 72 hours after LT to establish PGD occurrence and grading. Patients without evidence of PGD constituted the PGD0 Group; patients with grade 2 and/or 3 composed the PGD Group. CT scans at 3 and 12 months after LT were analy...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Transplantation Source Type: research
A preclinical model of chronic rejection after lung transplantation is essential to understand and mitigate its elusive pathophysiology. We aimed to investigate if longitudinal "in vivo" µCT imaging can help in identifying technical failures leading to graft atelectasis early on and help to evaluate the rejection process over time.We performed cuff based orthotopic single left lung transplantations. Groups consisted of isografts (n=7) (C57Bl/6 to C57BL/6) and major genetic mismatched (BALB/c to C57BL/6) allografts (n=8), with an immunosuppressive regime of Cyclosporine A (10 mg/kg/d) and corticosteroids (1 ...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Transplantation Source Type: research
We report a case of an 18-month-old boy with severe respiratory failure. At 16 months of age he was hospitalised for acute respiratory distress. Chest X-ray showed a large bilateral parenchymal opacities, while the chest CT scan showed a bilateral picture of ground-glass opacification. Due the difficulty of oxygen weaning and considering the poor nutritional condition, the baby was transferred to our hospital. The chest CT scan images and the clinical course were suggestive interstitial lung disease1. The cytological analysis performed on bronchoalveolar lavage showed abundant periodic acid-Schiff staining material. Repeat...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric bronchology Source Type: research
We report a case of Paragonimus westermani infection simultaneously affecting two separate organs that presented as both a pulmonary cavity and adrenal mass in an immunocompromised host.A 65-year-old male with a previous kidney transplant visited our clinic because of hemoptysis. Forty-three months earlier, bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax was diagnosed and treated with oxygen supplementation and right chest tube insertion. At that time, there was no demonstrable cavitary lesion in either lung and no mass in the adrenal glands (Fig. 1A, 1B). Computed tomography (CT) of the chest when the patient presented with hemoptysis...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory infections Source Type: research
Lung cancer is the most frequent type of cancer across genders and the most common reason for cancer-related death worldwide [1]. Hybrid positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is an established imaging method for the staging of patients with lung cancer [2]. Recently, the use of artificial intelligence and more specifically deep learning has produced promising results in various applications in medicine, including automated skin cancer detection [3] or automated Alzheimer disease detection based on FDG-PET data [4].
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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