How will artificial intelligence enhance radiology?

Success for artificial intelligence in radiology will be determined by its...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI, radiomics help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans AI-based chatbot answers routine radiology questions AI's role in radiology evolving toward a promising future Machine learning could reduce inappropriate knee MRI scans Can radiology ever be more like widget manufacturing?
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Publication date: September 2018Source: Academic Radiology, Volume 25, Issue 9Author(s): Eduardo J. Mortani Barbosa, Maarten Lanclus, Wim Vos, Cedric Van Holsbeke, William De Backer, Jan De Backer, James LeeRationale and ObjectivesLong-term survival after lung transplantation (LTx) is limited by bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), defined as a sustained decline in forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) not explained by other causes. We assessed whether machine learning (ML) utilizing quantitative computed tomography (qCT) metrics can predict eventual development of BOS.Materials and MethodsPaired inspirat...
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2018Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): S. Dettmer, H. Suhling, I. Klingenberg, O. Otten, T. Kaireit, J. Fuge, J.M. Kuhnigk, J. Gottlieb, A. Haverich, T. Welte, F. Wacker, J. Vogel Claussen, H.O. ShinAbstractPurposeTo evaluate quantitative computed tomography (CT) measurements of the lung parenchyma in lung transplant (LTx) patients for early detection of the bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS).Materials and Methods359 CT scans of 122 lung transplant patients were evaluated. Measurements of lung volume and density were performed for the whole lung and separately fo...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
It ’s difficult to open a newspaper nowadays without seeing an article about artificial intelligence. These column-inches spark our imaginations with heady visions of possible futures and crease our brows with concern in equal measure. But one thing you cannot escape is that AI is here now and it’s only going to become more pervasive.While fear of an unknown technology is understandable, in many ways it does a disservice to the incredible impact that AI is already having on the world around us. In the healthcare space alone, it is offering ways to fundamentally rethink clinical practice, speeding up diagnosis, ...
Source: EyeForPharma - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
Treatment decisions in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients with severe heart failure (HF) and short clinical history are challenging because of the difficulty of determining HF stage or prognosis in the acute HF phase. We hypothesized that persistent decreased systemic or increased pulmonary arterial pressure, including in the subclinical phase, may affect the main pulmonary artery diameter (PAD), ascending aortic diameter (AoD), and their ratio (PAD/AoD). The aims of this study were to assess AoD, PAD, and PAD/AoD by non-contrast computed tomography (CT) scans in DCM patients in the acute phase of HF and to examine the ...
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Clinical Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The median transplant-free survival in patients with LAM is greater than 20 years. Menopausal status as well as structural and physiological markers of disease severity significantly affect the rate of decline of FEV1 and progression to death or lung transplantation in LAM. PMID: 29940164 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
We present the case of a 65-year-old male with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis who developed refractory status epilepticus secondary to hyperammonemia following lung transplant. The patient presented on postoperative day 7 with super-refractory status epilepticus and normal computed tomography scan of the head. Hyperammonemia was suspected due to refractory seizures and confirmed with peak ammonia level >1000 μmol/L. Despite aggressive treatment, the patient developed global cerebral edema and died. Postmortem investigations revealed that the patient was positive for Ureaplasma parvum. Additional studies are needed ...
Source: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion18F-FDG PET/CT and radiolabeled leucocyte scintigraphy single-photon emission computed tomography carry high performance in the diagnostic of LVAD infections.18F-FDG PET/CT shows significantly higher sensitivity and could be proposed as first-line nuclear medicine procedure.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Gotti M, Chiumello D, Cressoni M, Guanziroli M, Brioni M, Safaee Fakhr B, Chiurazzi C, Colombo A, Massari D, Algieri I, Lonati C, Cadringher P, Taccone P, Pizzocri M, Fumagalli J, Rosso L, Palleschi A, Benti R, Zito F, Valenza F, Gattinoni L Abstract BACKGROUND: The leading cause of early mortality after lung transplantation is Primary Graft Dysfunction (PGD). We assessed the lung inflammation, inflation status and inhomogeneities after lung transplantation. Our purpose was to investigate the possible differences between patients who did or did not develop PGD. METHODS: We designed a prospective observ...
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
Abstract Mutations of the surfactant protein (SP)-C gene (SFTPC) have been associated with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and childhood interstitial lung disease (ILD). If accurate diagnosis and proper management are delayed, irreversible respiratory failure demanding lung transplantation may ensue. A girl was born at term but was intubated and given exogenous surfactant due to RDS. Cough and tachypnea persisted, and symptoms rapidly progressed at 16 months of age despite treatment with antibiotics, oral prednisolone, methylprednisolone pulse therapy, and intravenous immunoglobulin. At 20 months, she...
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Researchers from the U.K. have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI can prescreen chest CT studies for pneumothorax AI can help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans AI, radiomics help distinguish lung nodules on CT scans Infervision debuts AI stroke screening software AI predicts dementia years before symptoms occur
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
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