Accuracy of computed tomography in diagnosis of intra-abdominal injuries in stable patients with anterior abdominal stab wounds: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Baron BJ, Benabbas R, Kohler C, Biggs C, Roudnitsky V, Paladino L, Sinert R.

BACKGROUND: Work-up for patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) following an anterior abdominal stab wound (AASW) has been debated since the 1960s. Experts agree that patients with peritonitis, evisceration, or hemodynamic instability should u...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): C. Valcárcel-Nazco, D. Alonso-Modino, F. Montón-Álvarez, R. Sabatel-Hernández, M.S. Pastor-Santoveña, P. Mesa-Blanco, J.C. López-Fernández, P. Serrano-AguilarAbstractIntroduction and objectiveImaging diagnosis is essential for treatment planning in stroke patients. However, use of these techniques varies due to uncertainty about their effectiveness. Our purpose was to describe the use of CT and MRI in stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) over 5 years in hospitals be...
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: CE of thrombi – especially in a range from over 18.4 to 40.35 Hounsfield Units – is an independent predictor of poor clinical outcome in patients undergoing MT due to acute middle cerebral artery occlusion.Cerebrovasc Dis 2018;46:270 –278
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, the ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry was applied to identify the absorbed constituents of Naozhenning in the rat serum. A total of 60 compounds, including 30 prototype components and 30 metabolites were identified. Then the absorbed constituents were subjected to the network pharmacology analysis. The compound-target-disease (CTD) and KEGG pathway analysis revealed that 40 absorbed constituents, 56 target genes and three key pathways such as RAS, PI3K/Akt, MAPK, TGFβ were probably related with the efficacy of Naozhenning against cerebr...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the external magnetic field has increased the SDP adhered on the targeted surface by 49.4% and 59.7% for 400 and 600 nm particles, respectively.Graphical abstract
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Bolm-Audorff U, Petereit-Haack G, Seidler A Abstract In a meta-review systematic reviews were assessed with AMSTAR, a validated instrument for the quality judgement. In a systematic search in Pubmed and PsycINFO during the period 2006 - 2016 8,223 hits were found. The assessment of titles and abstracts and the total publications were done by two authors.35 systematic reviews were included in the study. Most systematic reviews showed a low quality according to the AMSTAR criteria and included frequently primary studies without own control group. The four systematic reviews with at least moderate quali...
Source: Psychiatrische Praxis - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Prax Source Type: research
We describe a novel IVC filter extraction technique using pacemaker lead extraction tools. A 26-year-old woman, diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis by computed tomography, received an IVC filter (Gunther Tulip, Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN, USA) implantation for prevention of pulmonary thromboembolism. Eleven weeks later, extraction of the IVC filter by a manual method and snaring technique was unsuccessful because of adhesion to the blood vessel wall. The patient was referred to our hospital for filter removal using pacemaker lead extraction tools. Extraction was performed in an operation room under general anesthesia in...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and MedicineAuthor(s): Lihong Sun, Mengmeng Hou, Lei Zhang, Dongxiang Qian, Qingquan Yang, Zhigang Xu, Yuejun Kang, Peng XueAbstractTaking advantage of the mesoporous structure of bismuth sulfide nanostars (Bi2S3 NSs), a chemotherapeutic drug of doxorubicin (DOX) and a photosensitizer of chlorin e6 (Ce6) were concurrently loaded in the PEGylated Bi2S3 NSs to formulate a multifunctional nanocomplex (BPDC NSs) for tumor theranostics. BPDC NSs have excellent photothermal conversion efficiency and a capacity of yielding reactive oxy...
Source: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Materials Today CommunicationsAuthor(s): Fei Liu, Haidong Zhao, Runsheng Yang, Fengzhen SunAbstractCrack propagation of die-cast AlSiMgMn alloys with high strength and ductility was investigated using tensile tests with in-situ scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation and finite element (FE) simulation. Through 3D X-ray micro computed tomography (μ-CT) inspection and reconstruction of pores in the alloys, the pore-scale simulation of tensile fracture was carried out and the stress distribution around pores during the tensile was calculated. The tensile resu...
Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
In this study, the customized kagome-structure scaffold with complex morphology was assessed in vivo. The customized 3D kagome-structure model for the defect region was designed according to data using 3D computed tomography. The kagome-structure scaffold and the conventional grid-structure scaffold (as a control group) were fabricated using a 3D printer with a precision extruding deposition head using poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL). The two types of 3D printed scaffolds were implanted in the 8-shaped defect model on the rabbit calvarium. To evaluate the osteoconductivity of the implanted scaffolds, new bone formation,...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Abstract An eleven-year-old boy presented with fever and hip pain, with limited mobility of the right side of the hip. Computed tomography scan revealed an increased volume of the right coxo-femoral joint, requiring surgical drainage of purulent secretion, from which Salmonella enterica was isolated. After four weeks of treatment with third-generation cephalosporin, he was discharged with a favorable evolution. Invasive disease caused by Salmonella spp represents a small proportion of salmonellosis cases, although it is responsible for greater rates of hospitalization, morbidity and mortality. Children under 5 years, elder...
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
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