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Accuracy of computed tomography in diagnosis of intra-abdominal injuries in stable patients with anterior abdominal stab wounds: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Baron BJ, Benabbas R, Kohler C, Biggs C, Roudnitsky V, Paladino L, Sinert R.

BACKGROUND: Work-up for patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) following an anterior abdominal stab wound (AASW) has been debated since the 1960s. Experts agree that patients with peritonitis, evisceration, or hemodynamic instability should u...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is currently one of the most effective methods for minimally invasive treatment of hepatic tumors. Planning the probe placements is an essential and challenging step in RFA treatment. To completely destroy the tumor with minimum amount of affected native tissue, a new RFA planning system is proposed in this paper. In the proposed planning system, the minimum number of ablations and a conical insertion region for each ablation session are determined automatically. Based on the geometric character of the tumor, a novel clustering algorithm is developed to allow a better layout of the overlapping...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeWe investigated prospectively whether18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) can predict the overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) previously treated by molecular targeted therapies.MethodsBetween 2009 and 2016, 81 patients who had received single molecular targeted therapies (43 sorafenib, 27 sunitinib, 8 temsirolimus and others) and were scheduled for second line molecular targeted therapies for advanced RCC were enrolled in this prospective study. FDG PET/CT was performed after first line molecular targeted therapies, t...
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsStudies included in this review are heterogenous, preventing many robust conclusions from being drawn. The precise neurobiology of BN and BED remains unclear and ongoing, large-scale investigations are required. One clear finding is that illness severity, exclusively defined as the frequency of binge eating or bulimic episodes, is related to greater neural changes. The results of this review indicate additional research is required, particularly extending findings of reduced cortical volumes and diminished activity in regions associated with self-regulation (frontostriatal circuits) and further exploring respons...
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Key Points Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is rarely necessary to guide clinical decisions about the appropriateness of carotid revascularization. For carotid artery stenting (CAS), computed tomography angiography is the best imaging tool to assess arch, carotid, and lesionā€specific anatomy, including vessel dimensions and calcification. OCT is a coherent strategy after CAS to assess ambiguous angiographic findings and to guide appropriate therapy for dissection, thrombosis, and plaque prolapse.
Source: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Peripheral Vascular Disease Source Type: research
Veterans and military personnel may be at higher risk for developing addictions due to increased prevalence rates of co-occurring mental health disorders including posttraumatic stress and substance abuse disorders. However, clinicians may feel unprepared ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Pain and PTSD symptoms are significant problems in the aftermath of a burn injury and they often co-occur. Catastrophizing has been linked to both phenomena. The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying role of catastrophizing in PTS...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news
The extent and severity of the psychological effects following chemical release disasters have not been widely reported. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of hydrogen fluoride (HF)-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and to ident...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news
Adolescents' exposure to community violence is a significant public health issue in urban settings and has been associated with poorer cognitive performance and increased risk for psychiatric illnesses, including PTSD. However, no study to date has investi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
We report on the preliminary results of two independent studies that (1) compare the hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) of healthy controls with patients displaying post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS, study 1+2), (2) investigate whether pre-t...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Recognizing that alcohol might affect subsequent processing of trauma-related information, this study examined whether high dose alcohol consumption (HDAC) following a campus mass shooting affected the relation between shooting exposure and pos...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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