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Home Physical Activity Coaching May Up Physical Activity in COPD

More patients in coaching group were persistently active than those receiving usual care
Source: Pulmonary Medicine News - Doctors Lounge - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, Nursing, Pulmonology, Journal, Source Type: news

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Conclusion: The SenseWear Pro armband is the most commonly used accelerometer in COPD, but measurement properties are limited by gait speed variability and assistive device use. DynaPort MiniMod and Stepwatch accelerometers demonstrated high validity in patients with COPD but lack reliability data.
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Scientific Review Source Type: research
Conclusion: The BODE TGlittre, and BODE PFSDQ-M may be used as alternatives to the 6MWT when physical space is not available to perform the 6MWT or when the condition of a patient does not allow performance of the 6MWT.
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Pulmonary Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) constitutes a leading cause of disability and mortality worldwide, affecting>10% of the adult population [1]. As a complex respiratory disorder, its course is frequently complicated by its systemic manifestations. Among these, coronary artery disease, heart failure and other cardiovascular diseases show major affliction [2,3]. Exacerbations of COPD sustainably influence the disease's natural history. Apart from accelerating the rate of lung function decline, periexacerbational inflammation is not restricted to the airways, but constitutes a systemic inflammatory process that ...
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
We examined the association between airflow limitation, hyperinflation and the left ventricle (LV).
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Respirology, EarlyView.
Source: Respirology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
It is currently unknown how cigarette smoke-induced airway remodelling affects highly expressed respiratory epithelial defence proteins and thereby mucosal host defence. Localisation of a selected set of highly expressed respiratory epithelial host defence proteins was assessed in well-differentiated primary bronchial epithelial cell (PBEC) cultures. Next, PBEC were cultured at the air–liquid interface, and during differentiation for 2–3 weeks exposed daily to whole cigarette smoke. Gene expression, protein levels and epithelial cell markers were subsequently assessed. In addition, functional activities an...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Lung biology and experimental studies, Respiratory infections and tuberculosis Original Articles: Basic science Source Type: research
Theravance Biopharma‘s (NSDQ:TBPH) said today that the FDA granted expanded indications for GlaxoSmithKline‘s (NYSE:GSK) Trelegy Ellipta inhaler, now approved for use to treat a broader population of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. With the expansion, the inhaler is now cleared for COPD patients with airflow limitations and for those who have experienced an acute worsening of respiratory symptoms, the Dublin-based company said. The system is intended as a long-term, once-daily maintenance to treat airflow obstructions, as well as to reduce exacerbations of COPD. Read the whole story on our ...
Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Drug-Device Combinations Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Regulatory/Compliance Respiratory Theravance Source Type: news
This study aimed at comparing the clinical, physiological and inflammatory features of smoking and non-smoking asthmatic patients exhibiting IRAO. In this cross-sectional study, patients with an IRAO with (ACO, ≥20 pack-years) or without (NS-IRAO,
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
Authors: Yousuf A, Brightling CE Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Current diagnostic criteria based on the presence of fixed airflow obstruction and symptoms do not integrate the complex pathological changes occurring within the lung and they do not define different airway inflammatory patterns. The current management of COPD is based on 'one size fits all' approach and does not take the importance of heterogeneity in COPD population into account. The available treatments aim to alleviate symptoms and reduce exacerb...
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
Amer J Perinatol 2018; 35: 541-544 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1637762Healthy, premature infants ≤35 weeks' gestational age (wGA) are universally recognized to be at an increased risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Serious respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection imposes an additional burden of illness on these infants following hospitalization. Incurred morbidities relative to term infants include longer lengths of hospital stay, admission to intensive care, and need for oxygen and mechanical ventilation, all of which are associated with increased hospital costs. The highest morbidities are ex...
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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