Temporal trends in the premorbid use of preventive treatments in patients with acute ischemic cerebrovascular events and a history of vascular disease: The Dijon Stroke Registry (1985-2010).

Temporal trends in the premorbid use of preventive treatments in patients with acute ischemic cerebrovascular events and a history of vascular disease: The Dijon Stroke Registry (1985-2010). Presse Med. 2017 Nov 22;: Authors: Khoumri C, Bailly H, Delpont B, Daubail B, Blanc C, Chazalon C, Durier J, Hervieu-Bègue M, Osseby GV, Rouaud O, Giroud M, Vergely C, Béjot Y Abstract INTRODUCTION: Although secondary prevention in patients with arterial vascular diseases has improved, a gap between recommendations and clinical practice may exist. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate temporal trends in the premorbid use of preventive treatments in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular events (ICVE) and prior vascular disease. METHODS: Patients with acute ICVE (ischemic stroke/TIA) were identified through the population-based stroke registry of Dijon, France (1985-2010). Only those with history of arterial vascular disease were included and were classified into four groups: patients with previous coronary artery disease only (CAD), previous peripheral artery disease only (PAD), previous ICVE only, and patients with at least two different past vascular diseases (polyvascular group). We assessed trends in the proportion of patients who were treated with antihypertensive treatments and antithrombotics at the time of their ICVE using multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS: Among the 5309 patients with acute ICVE, 2128 had a history of ...
Source: Presse Medicale - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Presse Med Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 23 November 2019Source: Regulatory Toxicology and PharmacologyAuthor(s): I. Palma-Lara, M. Martínez-Castillo, J.C. Quintana-Pérez, M.G. Arellano-Mendoza, F. Tamay-Cach, O.L. Valenzuela-Limón, E.A. García-Montalvo, A. Hernández-ZavalaAbstractArsenic, a metalloid and naturally occurring element, is one of the most abundant elements in the earth's crust. Water is contaminated by arsenic through natural sources (underground water, minerals and geothermal processes) and anthropogenic sources such as mining, industrial processes, and the production and use of ...
Source: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
EA, Hernández-Zavala A Abstract Arsenic, a metalloid and naturally occurring element, is one of the most abundant elements in the earth's crust. Water is contaminated by arsenic through natural sources (underground water, minerals and geothermal processes) and anthropogenic sources such as mining, industrial processes, and the production and use of pesticides. Humans are exposed to arsenic mainly by drinking contaminated water, and secondarily through inhalation and skin contact. Arsenic exposure is associated with the development of vascular disease, including stroke, ischemic heart disease and peripheral ...
Source: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology : RTP - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Regul Toxicol Pharmacol Source Type: research
ConclusionsDiabetic nephropathy was common among Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes in primary care in Hong Kong. Early identification and control of the modifiable risk factors are of upmost importance in preventing the complication.
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Senda J, Ito K, Kotake T, Kanamori M, Kishimoto H, Kadono I, Nakagawa-Senda H, Wakai K, Katsuno M, Nishida Y, Ishiguro N, Sobue G Abstract Cilostazol is a phosphodiesterase III-inhibiting antiplatelet agent that is often used to prevent stroke and peripheral artery disease, and its administration has shown significant improvements for cognitive impairment. We investigate the potential of cilostazol for reducing or restoring cognitive decline during convalescent rehabilitation in patients with non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke. The study sample included 371 consecutive patients with lacunar (n = 44) and ath...
Source: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Nagoya J Med Sci Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Given the increasing worldwide prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), it is critical to decrease the associated risk of debilitating vascular complications, including stroke, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and peripheral vascular disease. Treatment options for reducing the risk of all subtypes of stroke in patients with CKD remain limited. For patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), novel applications of noninvasive imaging may help personalize the type of dialysis and dialysis prescription for patients at high-risk. SUMMARY: This manuscript reviews the heigh...
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research
We read with interest the paper entitled “Knowledge gap of peripheral artery disease starts in medical school” from AlHamzah and colleagues.1 In their study of 72 graduating medical students, the authors found that students have a suboptimal knowledge of coronary artery disease (CAD) and lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). In view of the small number of students, readers may doubt the generality of these results. However, we would like to underscore that we found similar results in two studies in France using a national survey with three clinical cases: one about CAD, one about ischemic stroke, and one about PAD.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Acute limb ischemia (ALI) is an important clinical event and an emerging cardiovascular clinical trial outcome. Risk factors for and outcomes after ALI have not been fully evaluated. METHODS: EUCLID randomized patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) to ticagrelor versus clopidogrel. Enrollment criteria included an ankle-brachial index (ABI) ≤0.80 or prior lower extremity revascularization. Patients were grouped according to the primary outcome, post-randomization ALI hospitalization. Baseline factors associated with ALI were identified using Cox proportional hazards modeling. Mod...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate what could be learned from how these men have fared. The men were born in 1925-1928 and similar health-related data from questionnaires, physical examination, and blood samples are available for all surveys. Survival curves over various variable strata were applied to evaluate the impact of individual risk factors and combinations of risk factors on all-cause deaths. At the end of 2018, 118 (16.0%) of the men had reached 90 years of age. Smoking in 1974 was the strongest single risk factor associated with survival, with observed percentages of men reaching 90 years being 26.3, 25.7, ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: The direct analyses of emissions reductions estimate substantial health benefits via coal power plant emission and PM2.5 concentration reductions. Differing responses associated with changes in the two exposure metrics underscore the importance of isolating source-specific impacts from those due to total PM2.5 exposure.
Source: Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Air Pollution Source Type: research
AbstractThe red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is an index of the heterogeneity of circulating red blood cell size, which along with other standard complete blood count (CBC) parameters are used to identify hematological system diseases. Besides hematological disorders, several clinical studies have shown that an increased in the RDW may be associated with other diseases including acute pancreatitis, chronic kidney disease, gastrointestinal disorders, cancer, and of special interest in this review, cardiovascular disease (CVD). The diagnostic and prognostic value of RDW in different CVD (acute coronary syndrome, ische...
Source: BioFactors - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
More News: France Health | General Medicine | Ischemic Stroke | Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) | Stroke