Southern Africa:Southern Africa Is Slipping Again After Coming Close to Eliminating Malaria

[The Conversation Africa] In the last five years, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Swaziland have all been on the verge of eliminating malaria. In fact, progress had been so good that the southern African region had been tipped to be malaria free by 2018. But a spike in cases this year means that it's unlikely to meet the target. A new target has been set for 2020. The Conversation Africa's Health and Medicine editor Candice Bailey asked Professor Rajendra Maharaj to explain why.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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[WHO] A new scorecard -- the first to examine hepatitis prevalence and response in the World Health Organization (WHO) African region, shows that only three of the 47 countries are on track to eliminate the disease that affects one in 15 people in the region. Dying of viral hepatitis in Africa is becoming a bigger threat than dying of AIDS, malaria or tuberculosis.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Additional simple-to-use diagnostic tests as well as additional training in patient examination and clinical assessment are needed in rural settings where health providers risk over-prescribing antibiotics or missing a potentially dangerous infection in febrile patients who test negative for malaria. PMID: 31200600 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rural and Remote Health - Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research
Authors: Kułak-Bejda A, Waszkiewicz N, Bejda G, Zalewska A, Maciejczyk M Abstract A growing interest in the usability of saliva has been observed recently. Using saliva as a diagnostic material is possible because it contains a varied range of composites, organic and inorganic like proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, which are secreted into saliva. Moreover, this applies to drugs and their metabolites. Saliva collection is noninvasive, and self-collection is possible. There is a lack of risk of injuries related to injection with needle, and it is generally safe. Human saliva has been successfully used, for exampl...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: CellAuthor(s): Daniel G.W. Alanine, Doris Quinkert, Rasika Kumarasingha, Shahid Mehmood, Francesca R. Donnellan, Nana K. Minkah, Bernadeta Dadonaite, Ababacar Diouf, Francis Galaway, Sarah E. Silk, Abhishek Jamwal, Jennifer M. Marshall, Kazutoyo Miura, Lander Foquet, Sean C. Elias, Geneviève M. Labbé, Alexander D. Douglas, Jing Jin, Ruth O. Payne, Joseph J. IllingworthSummaryThe Plasmodium falciparum reticulocyte-binding protein homolog 5 (PfRH5) is the leading target for next-generation vaccines against the disease-causing blood-stage of malaria. However...
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Researchers at Florida Atlantic University have developed a microfluidic chip that can rapidly assess blood samples from sickle cell disease patients to help monitor the disease. The technique is much faster and more convenient than traditional optic...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Diagnostics Medicine Source Type: blogs
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] United Nations -In some countries in sub-Saharan Africa, people with albinism are attacked for their body parts which are prized in witchcraft for use as lucky charms or in magic potions
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
[Africa Check] An old claim about the number of child deaths in Africa from malaria has surfaced again.
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: These findings support a potential use for mollusk HS as adjunct therapy for severe malaria. PMID: 31188952 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz Source Type: research
[WHO] "I had always asked my family members to sit outside for one or two hours at night just before bedtime, when I usually spray the bedroom with indoor sprays," says Hajia Hauwa Abiso, who lives in the north-eastern Nigerian state of Borno. "Little did I know that mosquito bites during this period were enough to infect them."
Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Abstract Background: Placental malaria is a leading global cause of low birth weight neonates, especially in first-time mothers. To better understand the role of innate immunity in placental malaria, we investigated the relationships between histopathological markers of placental malaria, fetal and maternal macrophage responses, and perinatal outcomes in a cross-sectional case control study of pregnant women presenting with symptomatic malaria at the time of delivery. Results: Primigravidas showed increased hemozoin deposition in placental villi (p=0.02), syncytiotrophoblasts (p=0.01), and fetal Hofbauer cell...
Source: Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Malar Res Treat Source Type: research
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