Obesity and Depression Are Related -- But How?

(MedPage Today) -- Finding physicians who can address both is a challenge
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Related Links:

ConclusionSince most investigated parameters showed no associations, participants with a lifetime history of MDD in this cohort did not carry a specific risk for a worsening of pre-existing clinically manifest CVRFs. Our findings extend evidence of MDD severity and bipolar disorder as important correlates of long-term changes of arterial hypertension and obesity.
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We presently forget 98% of everything we experience. That will go away in favor of perfect, controllable, configurable memory. Skills and knowledge will become commodities that can be purchased and installed. We will be able to feel exactly as we wish to feel at any given time. How we perceive the world will be mutable and subject to choice. How we think, the very fundamental basis of the mind, will also be mutable and subject to choice. We will merge with our machines, as Kurzweil puts it. The boundary between mind and computing device, between the individual and his or her tools, will blur. Over the course of the ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This study aims to determine the pharmacodynamics (PD) effect (measured by cardiovascular depression) of propofol during anesthesia induction period on morbidly obese (MO) patients. Four hemodynamics indexes [i.e., three indexes about blood pressure and cardiac output (CO)] representing cardiovascular function were measured.Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) modeling was performed by population analysis to obtain PD parameters. Two propofol dosing scalars, namely, dosing based on total body weight (TBW) or lean body weight (LBW), were used for MO subjects. The PD data were well described by a PK/PD model. Blood pressu...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
To explore (i) the prevalence of cardiac risk factors (obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and medication non-adherence) among cardiac patients with depression and anxiety, (ii) associations between depression and anxiety scores and cardiac risk factors and (iii) the association of depression and anxiety and cardiac risk factors with mortality, and their population attributable risk.
Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Integrated HIV–NCD screening has the potential to efficiently use resources compared with stand-alone services. Although all-inclusive NCD screening could increase the incremental cost per person screened for integrated HIV–NCD services over 40%, a less costly lipid assay or targeted screening would result in a modest increase in costs with the potential to avert NCD death and disability. Our analysis highlights the need for implementation science studies to estimate the cost-effectiveness of integrated HIV–NCD screening and linkage per disability-adjusted life year and death averted.
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Implementation Science Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2018Source: Journal of Adolescence, Volume 67Author(s): Allison O'Neill, Kenneth Beck, David Chae, Typhanye Dyer, Xin He, Sunmin LeeAbstractAim: to examine associations between childhood maltreatment and adulthood obesity, and mediating effects of adolescent depressive symptoms and BMI, using the U.S. National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 10,894).Individuals who reported sexual maltreatment were 27% more likely to be obese (BMI≥30; AOR = 1.27, 95% CI: 0.98–1.63) and 72% more likely to be extremely obese (BMI≥40) in adulthood (AOR = 1.72, 1.18–2...
Source: Journal of Adolescence - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
ConclusionHypertension amongst school going adolescent needs to be addressed specially by targeting modifiable risk factors. School based intervention program can be initiated to address the issue.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2018Source: Preventive Medicine, Volume 113Author(s): I. Carrard, M. Kruseman, P. Marques-VidalAbstractBody dissatisfaction has been regularly associated with negative consequences on health of young women, but less is known regarding middle-aged or older women. However, body dissatisfaction in women has been seen for long as a “normative discontent” (i.e. widespread and chronic dissatisfaction) because of its high prevalence among all age categories. The goal of this study was to explore the relationships between the desire to lose weight, energy intake and psychological health in comm...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2018Source: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Volume 21, Issue 7Author(s): Snehal M. Pinto Pereira, Chris PowerAbstractObjectivesPhysical inactivity is highly prevalent. Knowledge is needed of influences on inactive lifestyles. We aimed to establish whether early adult factors predict subsequent inactivity patterns in mid-adulthood.DesignLeisure-time inactivity (activity frequency 
Source: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsCurrent evidence does not suggest exercise is successful in significantly enhancing psychosocial health in adults with obesity. Limitations associated with the reviewed studies could have biased the results toward a lack of effect. Additional high-quality RCTs are needed to improve evidence-based knowledge.
Source: Mental Health and Physical Activity - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
More News: Depression | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Obesity | Psychiatry