Medical News Today: Fetal alcohol syndrome: Causes, treatment, and symptoms

Fetal alcohol syndrome is one of a range of disorders, related to alcohol affecting fetal development. Learn about at the causes, symptoms, and treatments.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy / Obstetrics Source Type: news

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This article presents interim qualitative findings of the Co-Creating Evidence project, a multi-year (2017–2020) national evaluation of holistic programs serving women at high risk of having an infant with prenatal alcohol exposure. The evaluation utilizes a mixed-methods design involving semi-structured interviews, questionnaires, focus groups, and client intake/outcome “snapshot” data. Findings demonstrated that the programs are reaching vulnerable pregnant/parenting women who face a host of complex circumstances including substance use, violence, child welfare involvement, and inadequate ho...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Hughes E, Baca E, Mahmoud KF, Edwards A, Griffith KJ, Matthews E, Puskar KR, Mitchell AM Abstract Women of reproductive age who are drinking alcohol and not using effective contraception are at-risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy, which could result in a child with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Nurses are an important partner in addressing at-risk alcohol use. It is imperative for alcohol education to be incorporated into nursing curricula so that future nurses have the tools to identify at-risk alcohol use. Three universities have worked together to create Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that low to moderate levels of PAE or isolated binge exposures may place some fetuses at risk for FAS/PFAS. Thus, conservative advice is still for women to abstain from alcohol consumption during pregnancy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 30977899 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Abstract Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is the most severe condition of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and is associated with congenital heart defects. However, more subtle defects such as ventricular wall thinning and cardiac compliance may be overlooked in FASD. Our studies focus on the role of cardiac fibroblasts in the neonatal heart, and how they are affected by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). We hypothesize that PAE affects fibroblast function contributing to dysregulated collagen synthesis, which leads to cardiac dysfunction. To investigate these effects, pregnant C57/BL6 mice were intraperitoneally...
Source: Cardiovascular Toxicology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovasc Toxicol Source Type: research
Advances in Dual Diagnosis, Ahead of Print. Purpose Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is an umbrella term for a range of conditions that may occur in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. There has been little research into the experience of birth mothers of children with FASD and no published work of this kind in the UK. This is in contrast to a number of studies that have been conducted on foster/adoptive parents. In light of the recent publication in the UK of a mixed methods study on adoptive carers, it is timely to conduct research on birth mothers in the UK. The purpose of this paper is to e...
Source: Advances in Dual Diagnosis - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This FASD model takes advantage of the similarities between humans and rhesus macaques in gestational length relative to brain development, as well as similarities in ethanol self-administration and metabolism. The daily 1.5 g/kg dose of ethanol through the first trimester does not influence pregnancy success rates. However, pregnancy influences drinking behavior during the second month of pregnancy. Future publications using this model will describe the effect of early-gestational ethanol exposure on anatomical and functional brain development at subsequent gestational ages. This article is protected by copyri...
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 November 2018Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Cheryl McQuire, Raja Mukherjee, Lisa Hurt, Andrea Higgins, Giles Greene, Daniel Farewell, Alison Kemp, Shantini ParanjothyAbstractFetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are lifelong disabilities caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. Prenatal alcohol use is common in the UK, but FASD prevalence was unknown. Prevalence estimates are essential for informing FASD prevention, identification and support.We applied novel screening algorithms to existing data to estimate the screening prevalence of FASD. Data were from a population-based coho...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Up to 17 per cent of children could have symptoms consistent with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) according to new research published today (Friday 30 November) in Preventative Medicine.
Source: University of Bristol news - Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Research; Institutes, ALSPAC; Press Release Source Type: news
ConclusionAccurately assessing prenatal alcohol consumption is challenging in any setting but it is exceptionally challenging when assessed 13 ‐17 years retrospectively as part of a FASD assessment for a young person sentenced to detention. Recording and recoding detailed qualitative responses was required to provide an accurate assessment of PAE using the AUDIT‐C. Standardized recording of PAE in antenatal and birth records would faci litate later assessments for FASD and provide opportunities for advice and support for women who continue to drink during pregnancy.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Accurately assessing prenatal alcohol consumption is challenging in any setting but it is exceptionally challenging when assessed 13-17 years retrospectively as part of a FASD assessment for a young person sentenced to detention. Recording and recoding detailed qualitative responses was required to provide an accurate assessment of PAE using the AUDIT-C. Standardized recording of PAE in antenatal and birth records would facilitate later assessments for FASD and provide opportunities for advice and support for women who continue to drink during pregnancy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserv...
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
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