Medical News Today: Fetal alcohol syndrome: Causes, treatment, and symptoms

Fetal alcohol syndrome is one of a range of disorders, related to alcohol affecting fetal development. Learn about at the causes, symptoms, and treatments.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy / Obstetrics Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: While understanding their milieu, our study also unraveled different struggles (such as violence, peer pressure, financial burden and depression) encountered by Native women in their daily lives. According to the participants, positive aspects of drinking outweigh the negative aspects and they viewed their drinking as a solution and not a problem. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29972869 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Mutation of the nNOS gene substantially increases vulnerability to alcohol-induced cell loss in a brain region where the gene is expressed (olfactory bulb), but not in a separate brain region, where the gene is not expressed (facial nucleus). Thus, differences in genotype may explain why some individuals are vulnerable to FASD, while others are not, and may determine the specific patterns of neuropathology in children with FASD. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29957842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
“A crisis is a terrible thing to waste,” is a phrase coined by Stanford economist Paul Romer. Politicians are always in search of new crises to address—new fires to put out—with rapid and decisive action. In their passion to appear heroic to their constituents they often act in haste, not ta king the time to develop a deep and nuanced understanding of the issue at hand, insensitive to the notion that their actions might actually exacerbate the crisis.An example of that lack of understanding was made apparent in a  press release by the office of House Majority Whip Steve Scalise (R-LA) on J...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
In this study, ethanol-dams voluntarily consumed a 0.066% saccharin-sweetened 10% ethanol (EtOH) solution for 10 days prior to pregnancy and throughout gestation while control-dams had ad libitumaccess to a 0.066% saccharin (sacc) solution. Whole litters were randomly assigned to undergo maternal separation (MS) for 3 hours/day from P2 to P14 while the remaining litters were left undisturbed (nMS). This resulted in 4 experimental groups: control (sacc + nMS), MS (sacc + MS), EtOH (EtOH + nMS) and EtOH + MS. Throughout development, EtOH-rats weighed less than control rats. However, subsequent maternal sepa...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings identify alcohol-related alterations in placental imprinted gene expression as potential biomarkers of adverse effect in FASD and suggest that these alterations may play a mechanistic role in fetal alcohol growth restriction. Future studies are needed to determine whether alterations in imprinted gene expression also mediate FASD neurobehavioral deficits and whether such alterations are amenable to intervention. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29870072 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Fetal alcohol syndrome occurs in children as a result of alcohol exposure during the mother’s pregnancy. It can cause irreversible brain damage, growth problems and behavior issues. No amount of alcohol is safe to consume during pregnancy but the risk of fetal alcohol syndrome increases with the amount of alcohol consumed during pregnancy. A New York Times Article discuses a new study that shows more children are being diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome than initially realized, affecting 1.1 to 5 percent of children in the US. This is 5 times higher than previously thought, making it just as common as a diagnosis ...
Source: Cord Blood News - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: babies brain development Cord Blood pregnancy Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: A range of high-quality, culturally appropriate resources were identified, however, health professionals attending the training workshops were not aware of their availability. Further resource development is suggested for men, grandmothers and aunties. SO WHAT?: Prioritisation of active dissemination and implementation strategies is suggested to increase awareness and use of future resource developments. The inclusion of a resource trial among health professionals is a recommended strategy to increase awareness and use of newly developed resources. PMID: 29700936 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Health Promot J Austr Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29672868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Reproductive Toxicology, Volume 76 Author(s): Katie L. Davis-Anderson, Hendrik Wesseling, Lara M. Siebert, Emilie R. Lunde-Young, Vishal D. Naik, Hanno Steen, Jayanth Ramadoss Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) describe neurodevelopmental deficits in children exposed to alcohol in utero. We hypothesized that gestational alcohol significantly alters fetal brain regional protein signature. Pregnant rats were binge-treated with alcohol or pair-fed and nutritionally-controlled. Mass spectrometry identified 1806, 2077, and 1456 quantifiable proteins in the fetal hippocampus, cortex, and...
Source: Reproductive Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
(Abstracted from JAMA Pediatr 2017;171(10):948–956) Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is an umbrella term for the wide range of adverse effects to the developing fetus when exposed to alcohol during pregnancy, some of which are lifelong. The severity and type of defects induced by FASD are affected by the age of embryo at exposure, pattern of exposure, and dose; however, other factors including genetic background, maternal age, and environmental influences also appear to impact susceptibility.
Source: Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstetrics: Newborn Medicine Source Type: research
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