Medical News Today: Fetal alcohol syndrome: Causes, treatment, and symptoms

Fetal alcohol syndrome is one of a range of disorders, related to alcohol affecting fetal development. Learn about at the causes, symptoms, and treatments.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pregnancy / Obstetrics Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 30 November 2018Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Cheryl McQuire, Raja Mukherjee, Lisa Hurt, Andrea Higgins, Giles Greene, Daniel Farewell, Alison Kemp, Shantini ParanjothyAbstractFetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are lifelong disabilities caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. Prenatal alcohol use is common in the UK, but FASD prevalence was unknown. Prevalence estimates are essential for informing FASD prevention, identification and support.We applied novel screening algorithms to existing data to estimate the screening prevalence of FASD. Data were from a population-based coho...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Up to 17 per cent of children could have symptoms consistent with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) according to new research published today (Friday 30 November) in Preventative Medicine.
Source: University of Bristol news - Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Research; Institutes, ALSPAC; Press Release Source Type: news
ConclusionAccurately assessing prenatal alcohol consumption is challenging in any setting but it is exceptionally challenging when assessed 13 ‐17 years retrospectively as part of a FASD assessment for a young person sentenced to detention. Recording and recoding detailed qualitative responses was required to provide an accurate assessment of PAE using the AUDIT‐C. Standardized recording of PAE in antenatal and birth records would faci litate later assessments for FASD and provide opportunities for advice and support for women who continue to drink during pregnancy.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Accurately assessing prenatal alcohol consumption is challenging in any setting but it is exceptionally challenging when assessed 13-17 years retrospectively as part of a FASD assessment for a young person sentenced to detention. Recording and recoding detailed qualitative responses was required to provide an accurate assessment of PAE using the AUDIT-C. Standardized recording of PAE in antenatal and birth records would facilitate later assessments for FASD and provide opportunities for advice and support for women who continue to drink during pregnancy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserv...
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsER stress plays an important role in ethanol ‐induced damage to the developing brain. Inhibition of ER stress is neuroprotective and may provide a new therapeutic strategy to treat FASD.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: ER stress plays an important role in ethanol-induced damage to the developing brain. Inhibition of ER stress is neuroprotective and may provide a new therapeutic strategy to treat FASD. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 30403409 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
From the latestNIAAA Director's Blog:Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, also known as FASD, is a term that refers to the broad range of lifelong birth defects and neurodevelopmental abnormalities that occur as a result of prenatal alcohol exposure. In this edition of my blog, I want to remind everyone that there is no known safe level of alcohol, or time to drink, during pregnancy.  Read more...
Source: NIAAA News - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: news
ConclusionsThe findings highlight an attitude-behavior gap and suggest that positive preventive attitudes are insufficient to elicit FASD preventive behavior. Interventions are needed that go beyond education to build intrinsic motivation and structural support to refrain from alcohol use during pregnancy.
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Alcohol is now recognized as the leading preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disorders in the United States. Each year thousands of children are born with life-long disabilities because they were exposed to alcohol prenatally. On September 9th, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism recognizes International Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Awareness Day as a reminder that there is no “safe” level of drinking while pregnant. 
Source: NIAAA News - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that a partial or complete knockdown of Mns1 interacts with PAE to increases susceptibility to ocular defects and correlating craniofacial and brain anomalies, likely though interaction of alcohol with motile cilia function. These results further our understanding of genetic risk factors that may underlie susceptibility to teratogenic exposures. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 30129265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
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