FDA allows marketing of test to aid in the detection of certain leukemias and lymphomas

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today allowed marketing of ClearLLab Reagents (T1, T2, B1, B2, M), the first agency authorized test for use with flow cytometry to aid in the detection of several leukemias and lymphomas, including chronic leukemia, acute leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, myeloma, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).
Source: Food and Drug Administration - Category: American Health Source Type: news

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Background. Recent studies have shown that isocitrate dehydrogenase 1/2 (IDH1/2)- activating mutations occur in a variety of cancers, including acute myeloid leukaemia, gliomas, and chondrosarcomas (CHS)s. The effect of IDH1/2 mutation on overall survival (OS) has not been reported in CHS. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence of known cancer-related gene mutations in CHS, as well as their prognostic role in patient survival.Methods. DNA from FFPE samples of 80 patients (F:M- 1:1.3; mean age: 58 years; range 27-86) with histologically confirmed CHS (G1:29; G2:34; G3:17) was subjected to library preparation with...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Purpose: There are few reports on survival rate analysis from hospital-based cancer registries (HBCR) in China, although the National Center of Cancer Registry of China has launched such an effort with the mission to expand the scope of registration and follow-up. Our study aimed to evaluate survival and outcomes of cancer patients from a HBCR in eastern China.Methods: Active and passive follow-up methods were used to obtain information on survival status for all patients from Qidong City and Haimen City in the databases of our hospital-based registrations from 2002 to 2014. Censor time for survival was 31st March, 2016. S...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: Continuation of crizotinib therapy after RECIST-PD in Chinese NSCLC patients with positive ALK/ROS1 mutations is feasible in clinical practice.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: Increased diffuse BM 18F-FDG uptake can be attributed to both bone marrow MI and benign etiologies. A decision tree based on C5.0 algorithm, combining PET/CT imaging and clinical features, is of potential use in discriminating BM malignant infiltration from patients with increased diffuse BM uptake.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: In the era of L-asparaginase/pegaspargase, both sequential and sandwich chemoradiotherapy are safe and similarly effective in patients with newly diagnosed stage IE-IIE ENKTL.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusions: The cells rely more on glucose/gltamine have a stronger sensitivity to glucose/glutamine depletion or glycolysis/ glutaminolysis inhibition and a lessened sensitivity to glutaminolysis/glycolysis inhibitors. To target tumor metabolism based on metabolic characteristics may provide a new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of B cell lymphoma.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study tested the hypothesis that hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is also associated with DLBCL.Methods: Clinical analysis of the correlation between DLBCL and HBV infection, detection of HBV in situ of DLBCL tissue, and biological experiments that determined whether HBV infects B lymphocytes were conducted.Results: Our long-term clinical data showed that the positive rate of serum HBV was significantly increased in DLBCL patients (23.6%) compared to that in the general Chinese population (7.2%, P
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Transcription factor MYB is essential for the tumorigenesis of multiple cancers, especially leukemia, breast cancer, colon cancer, adenoid cystic carcinoma and brain cancer. Thus, MYB has been regarded as an attractive target for tumor therapy. However, pioneer studies of antisense oligodeoxynucleotides against MYB, which were launched three decades ago in leukemia therapy, were discontinued because of their unsatisfactory clinical outcomes. In recent years, the roles of MYB in tumor transformation have become increasingly clear. Moreover, the regulatory mechanisms of MYB, such as the vital effects of MYB co-regulators on ...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Purpose: The value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography /computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) in assessing bone marrow involvement (BMI) of lymphoma remains controversial. The present study aims to evaluate the prognostic meaning of bone marrow FDG uptake pattern in PET/CT of newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients.Materials and Methods: 193 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received 6-8 cycles of rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (R-CHOP). The type of BM FDG uptake pattern was recorded by two blinded re...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Based on our earlier research into the main characteristics and risk factors for infections in hospitalized patients with multiple myeloma, we created the numerical Multiple Myeloma Index for Risk of Infection (MMIRI) to predict infection in myeloma patients. The included factors that could influence the pathogenesis and incidence of infections were sex, performance status, Durie Salmon stage of disease, International Staging System, serum creatinine level, immune paresis, neutropenia, serum ferritin level, the presence of any catheters, disease duration, stable/progressive disease, and type of therapy. For each of these p...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Short Research Communication Source Type: research
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