Basic Techniques for Lower Extremity Rehabilitation in Poliomyelitis Patients

Polio deformity is often the result of inappropriate preventive measures taken duringconvalescence. Most major deformities that cause significant disability can be prevented by splintage and physical therapy. If deformities of the hip, knee, and ankle are prevented duringthe late convalescent stage—three to six months—a patient with lower exremity weakness, whootherwise would not be able to walk, may become ambulatory with crutches and braces.Conservative and operative measures to correct established deformity are often necessary toconvert a non-ambulatory, house-bound patient to one who can re-enter daily society. Withappropriate surgical releases and serial casts, major deformities can be corrected. With the useof crutches and braces, the patient can learn to move about freely. It is vital to the successfulrehabilitation of the patient that follow-up, through the growth period, be maintained toprevent recurrence of deformity.KEYWORDS Poliomyelitis/rehabilitation Poliomyelitis/surgery Crutches Plaster casts
Source: Annals of Saudi Medicine - Category: Journals (General) Tags: ISSUE 2 Source Type: research

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Polio left her in a wheelchair. It also started her on a lifelong fight to change perceptions and break down real-world obstacles.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Saviola, Marilyn Deaths (Obituaries) Disabilities Independence Care System Disabled in Action Source Type: news
AbstractAn Italian 13-year-old boy immunosuppressed due to kidney transplant presented in November 2018 with acute flaccid paralysis with anterior horn cell involvement resembling the clinical, radiological, and laboratory features of poliomyelitis. Enterovirus was molecularly identified in cerebral spinal fluid and stool samples and the sequence analysis of the VP1 gene of enterovirus genome revealed the presence of Echovirus 30 both in CSF and in stool samples. Echovirus 30 is an emerging neurotropic virus able to cause outbreaks of aseptic meningitis and meningoencephalitis all over the world, but acute flaccid paralysi...
Source: Journal of NeuroVirology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The study showed challenges in capturing all aspects of biopsychosocial functioning in rehabilitation goals, particularly Contextual Factors. This study indicates that rehabilitation goals capture capacity rather than performance. Further research could highlight if functioning is captured in the rehabilitation plan, and in this way include both capacity and performance. Implications for rehabilitation Health professionals in a post-acute or long-term rehabilitation setting should pay attention to capacity and performance when rehabilitation goals are set. The rehabilitation plan should contain goals and a desc...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Growing up in rural South India, I witnessed the lifelong effects of polio in my great-uncle and the effects of disability in my grandfather after he suffered a stroke. There were minimal access to health care of any type and no access to medical rehabilitation.
Source: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The challenges of growing up with a disability following paralytic polio led to the development of various psychological strategies for managing daily life. By understanding these experiences and strategies, knowledge may be gained in assisting rehabilitation professionals to better support persons with late effects of polio in adapting to the new situation. Implications for rehabilitation At the onset of late effects of polio, strategies developed earlier in life, such as overachieving, disregarding pain, and weariness, may not function anymore. Understanding the experiences of growing up with poliomyelitis ca...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
AWEIL, South Sudan – Arek Chuor, 32, expects to deliver her seventh child in September. It will be her last, she insists.A childhood polio infection has left her with impaired mobility, including a permanent limp. The challenges are only growing as she works for a living and cares for her six children, she said.  Yet she remains apprehensive about family planning – largely because of contraception myths and misconceptions. Women in her community have told her, without evidence, that oral contraceptive pills will worsen her polio symptoms. 
Source: UNFPA News - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news
A young boy in Pakistan receives an oral polio vaccine (OPV). Over the last 30 years huge progress has been made against polio and it is now only endemic in 2 countries, Afghanistan and Pakistan, with only 33 cases confirmed cases last year. Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPSBy Tharanga YakupitiyageUNITED NATIONS, May 1 2019 (IPS) Since the introduction of vaccines, diseases such as measles and polio were quickly becoming a thing of the past. However, the world’s progress on immunisation is now being threatened. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 85 percent of the world’s children received basic va...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse North America Population Regional Categories TerraViva United Nations diptheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) human papillomavirus (HPV) Measles Vaccines World Health Organ Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2019Source: Journal of Health EconomicsAuthor(s): Miriam Gensowski, Torben Heien Nielsen, Nete Munk Nielsen, Maya Rossin-Slater, Miriam WüstAbstractThis paper examines the long-term effects of childhood disability on individuals’ educational and occupational choices, late-career labor market participation, and mortality. We merge medical records on children hospitalized with poliomyelitis during the 1952 Danish epidemic to census and administrative data, and exploit quasi-random variation in paralysis incidence in this population. While childhood disability increases t...
Source: Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
April is Autism Awareness Month. To review: Autism is one of the five pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) listed in the DSM 5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) which provides diagnostic guidelines for mental health professionals. Autism is characterized by difficulties in social interactions, a narrow and particular range of interests and repetitive behaviors. Although it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, research has yet to identify the differences in the brain that determine what makes people with autism different from the norm. Since the combination of attributes can b...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Aspergers Autism Communication anti-vaccination Asperger Syndrome Autism Awareness Month Autism Spectrum Disability polio Stereotypes Stigma Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Many respondents reported having difficulties with transport mobility, but a large proportion, 57%, were independent and active drivers. It is important to consider outdoor mobility when planning rehabilitation for patients with late effects of polio and foreign backgrounds. In addition to psychosocial factors, dependence on mobility-related activities can lead to dependency and isolation. Implications for rehabilitation Outdoor mobility and access to transport modes are important for independence and an active life and need to be included in the rehabilitation process. Both personal and environmental factors,...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
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