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Sudan: Funding Shortages Cause Closure of Health Units in Sudan

[Radio Dabanga] Khartoum -The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Sudan reports in its latest weekly bulletin that a lack of funding is forcing humanitarian organisations to either hand over or close down their health facilities in some parts of Sudan. In Um Keddada in North Darfur, about 140 suspected cases of diphtheria have been recorded. From January to September, 173,973 children suffering from acute malnutrition have been treated across Sudan. About 27,500 Sudanese refugees have returned from Yida
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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Authors: Al Awaidy ST Abstract Objectives: Pertussis is a highly contagious disease that causes severe and serious symptoms among infants and young children with fatalities observed in early infancy. The disease is milder among adolescents and adults. In this paper, we describe the progress made towards pertussis control in Oman and the challenges ahead to achieve control and maintain it. Methods: Pertussis data were collected between 1981 and 2015 from various sources including Annual Health Reports, annual Ministry of Health progress reports, and Community Health and Diseases Surveillance Newsletter, which pr...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018 Source:Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology Author(s): Richard T. Kangethe, Rudolf Pichler, Francis N.J. Chuma, Giovanni Cattoli, Viskam Wijewardana During both human and animal vaccine development phases, animal testing is necessary to demonstrate vaccine efficacy. Since the number of antigen candidates for testing is usually large when developing a potential vaccine, it is too costly, time consuming and would involve higher risks to carry out selection using in vivo models. The currently available in vitro assays that measure immunogenicity do not adequately reprod...
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
World Health Organization. 12/2017 This course is for clinicians who will be or are caring for patients with respiratory diphtheria during outbreaks in vulnerable settings, such as in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh. It is also applicable to clinicians working in settings that share similar challenges due to limited laboratory capacity, limited availability of treatment facilities, limited number of trained staff, and limitations in medications, medical supplies, and supportive care. It discusses how to recognize patients with respiratory diphtheria, and give antitoxin and antibiotics safely to appropriate patients. (Video or Mult...
Source: Disaster Lit: Resource Guide for Disaster Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: news
Source: What's New at CBER - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: news
Source: What's New at CBER - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: news
Abstract Diphtheria AB toxin mode of action. The diphtheria AB exotoxin consists of two polypeptide chains - A and B which are linked by a disulfide bridge. The B chain binds to the heparin-binding epidermal growth factor precursor on eukaryotic cells and is endocytosed. Acidification of the endosome results in a conformational change to the A and B chains and breaking of the disulphide bridge. The B chain remains in the endosome, but the A chain is translocated to the cytoplasm where it ADP-ribosylates host eEF-2, blocking protein synthesis which leads to cell death.Corynebacterium diphtheriae is a globally impor...
Source: Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Microbiology Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 29457218 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Eur J Immunol Source Type: research
Authors: Eiset AH, Wejse C Abstract An unprecedented rise in the number of asylum seekers and refugees was seen in Europe in 2015, and it seems that numbers are not going to be reduced considerably in 2016. Several studies have tried to estimate risk of infectious diseases associated with migration but only very rarely these studies make a distinction on reason for migration. In these studies, workers, students, and refugees who have moved to a foreign country are all taken to have the same disease epidemiology. A common disease epidemiology across very different migrant groups is unlikely, so in this review of inf...
Source: Public Health Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rev Source Type: research
Abstract Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines have drastically reduced disease incidence worldwide. Protection against Hib infection has relied on the serum bactericidal activity (SBA) of antibodies to the Hib capsular polysaccharide (polyribosylribitol phosphate). However, licensure usually relies on measuring induction of antibodies to PRP as a surrogate for SBA. In a phase III clinical trial we compared a PRP-conjugate vaccine using the nontoxic diphtheria toxin mutant, CRM197, as carrier protein with the licensed tetanus toxoid conjugate when administered subcutaneously as a three dose primar...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Abstract Asylum seekers are a vulnerable population for contracting infectious diseases. Outbreaks occur among children and adults. In the Netherlands, asylum seeker children are offered vaccination according to the National Immunization Program. Little is known about protection against vaccine-preventable diseases (VPD) in adult asylum seekers. In this 2016 study, we assessed the immunity of adult asylum seekers against nine VPD to identify groups that might benefit from additional vaccinations. We invited asylum seekers from Syria, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Eritrea and Ethiopia to participate in a serosurvey. Par...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
More News: Children | Diphtheria | Funding | Sudan Health