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α-glucosidase Inhibitory Activity of Shorea belangeran of Kerangas Forest

Conclusion: The bioactivity identification of some tree species is an important step to have a high economical value of Kerangas forest.
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The T2DM scenario shows exponential growth from 2000 to 2030. Risk factors according to the weight they represent in occurrence of the disease were: population aged 45-49 years, inhabited private dwellings that have television, and urban population. PMID: 29466528 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The population affected by the armed conflict is apparently at greater risk of presenting non-mental chronic illnesses such as hypertension and diabetes, which shows the vulnerability of these communities. PMID: 29466525 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pan American Journal of Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Panam Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Scheen AJ Abstract INTRODUCTION: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4is) are generally considered as glucose-lowering agents with a safe profile in type 2 diabetes. Areas covered: An updated review of recent safety data from randomised controlled trials, observational studies, meta-analyses, pharmacovigilance reports regarding alogliptin, linagliptin, saxagliptin, sitagliptin, and vildagliptin, with a special focus on risks of hypoglycaemia, pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, major cardiovascular events, hospitalisation for heart failure and other new safety issues, such as bone fractures and arthralg...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Conclusions Thirty-three distinct patterns were distinguished. In the case of respiratory symptoms in patients with diabetes and close household contact patients, TB can be considered as the important differential diagnosis with unique patterns.
Source: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusion:C-section is not associated with increased risk for CDA or CD in the offspring. Objective: Cesarean section (C-section) is associated with various immune-mediated diseases in the offspring. We investigated the relationship between mode of delivery and celiac disease (CD) and CD autoimmunity (CDA) in a multinational birth cohort. Methods: From 2004 to 2010, infants from the general population who tested positive for HLA DR3-DQ2 or DR4-DQ8 were enrolled in The Environmental Determinants for Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. Children were annually screened for transglutaminase autoantibodies, if positive,...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Article: Gastroenterology: Celiac Disease Source Type: research
We present a case of presumptive lung carcinoma with cerebral metastases where central diabetes insipidus was unmasked after glucocorticoid administration and correction of undiagnosed central hypocortisolism. PMID: 29465100 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh - Category: General Medicine Tags: J R Coll Physicians Edinb Source Type: research
In conclusion, we found no significant correlation between the control group and patients with T2DM, with regard to the different genetic models of the 3673G / A and 9041G / A variants. These data suggest that these VKORC1 gene variants may not be linked to T2DM. PMID: 29469681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research
Abstract Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are ubiquitous intracellular calcium (Ca2+) release channels required for the function of many organs including heart and skeletal muscle, synaptic transmission in the brain, pancreatic beta cell function, and vascular tone. In disease, defective function of RyRs due either to stress (hyperadrenergic and/or oxidative overload) or genetic mutations can render the channels leaky to Ca2+ and promote defective disease-causing signals as observed in heat failure, muscular dystrophy, diabetes mellitus, and neurodegerative disease. RyRs are massive structures comprising the largest kno...
Source: Sub-Cellular Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Subcell Biochem Source Type: research
In conclusion, smoking and female sex were the main risk factors associated with development of severe joint pain in the acute and chronic phases of Chikungunya fever. These risk factors are similar to those associated with the development and severity of RA, possibly because the two diseases share pathophysiological mechanisms, including elevated interleukin-6 levels. PMID: 29467856 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, if the delivery of insulin or GABA plus insulin in rats with hypoglycemia is terminated, β-cells are stimulated and signal the α-cells to secrete glucagon. Thus, the detection of a sudden decrease in zinc levels by β-cells as well as a decrease in GABA in the periportal circulation induces signaling to α-cells to stimulate them to secrete glucagon. PMID: 29467850 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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