July Issue of NIH News in Health Now Available
The July issue of NIH News in Health is now available. Featured stories include "Safeguarding Our Health: Vaccines Protect Us All" and "A Blurry Worldview: Understanding Myopia". Also, check out the health capsules and the featured Web site.
Doctors should not police health tourism, says RCGP Related items fromOnMedica Charging migrants to access health services is ‘shortsighted’ Migrants should not be denied fundamental right to healthcare Surgeries must not become border agencies says RCGP Government set to miss target for recouping costs of overseas visitor care ‘Chaotic’ recovery of NHS costs from overseas patients
Abstract The macular area is important to the detection of glaucomatous retinal ganglion cell (RGC) damage. Macular thickness complementary to peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness can well reflect glaucomatous damage, given that the macula contains more than 50% of the RGCs in a multilayered pattern and larger RGC bodies compared with their axons. Thus, macular ganglion cell thickness parameters recently have been considered to be an effective glaucoma-diagnostic tool comparable to RNFL thickness parameters. Furthermore, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography ganglion cell-inner plexiform...
Conditions: Refraction Error; Myopia; Astigmatism Intervention: Diagnostic Test: Online Manifest Refraction Sponsor: UMC Utrecht Not yet recruiting
Condition: Refractive Errors Intervention: Combination Product: Multifocal D +2.50 add&0.01% atropine Sponsor: Jenny Huang Active, not recruiting
CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that the presence of primary iris-ciliary cysts and the intraocular pressure were positively correlated, with a correlation coefficient of 0.235 (p = 0.01). These findings may prove useful for prediction and screening of high intraocular pressure. PMID: 29028106 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion: The present study indicated that genetic variants in BICC1 and RASGRF1 are closely associated with high myopia, which appears to be a potential candidate for high myopia in Chinese Han population. Considering the small sample size of this study, further work is needed to validate our results. The function of BICC1 and RASGRF1 in the process of developing high myopia needs to be explored in the future.
This report challenges against the current belief of genotype-phenotype correlations in PRS. PMID: 29054766 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract The formation of focused and corresponding foveal images requires a close synergy between the accommodation and vergence systems. This linkage is usually decoupled in virtual reality systems and may be dysfunctional in people who are at risk of developing myopia. We study how refractive error affects vergence-accommodation interactions in stereoscopic displays. Vergence and accommodative responses were measured in 21 young healthy adults (n = 9 myopes, 22-31 years) while subjects viewed naturalistic stimuli on a 3D display. In Step 1, vergence was driven behind the monitor using a blurred, non-a...
CONCLUSIONS: Poor patient recognition of eye disease among the Korean elderly highlights the seriousness of this potential public health problem in our aging society. Pre-existing eye-related conditions and diabetes were significant predictors of awareness; therefore, patients in frequent contact with their doctors have a greater chance of detecting eye disease. PMID: 29022298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The Joint Committee for Vaccine and Immunisation (JCVI) has recently announced that the vaccine that could stop people from dying from human papilloma virus (HPV)-related cancers will not be given to boys (The Pharmaceutical Journal online, 20 July 2017).