Electrical Stimulation for hemiplegic shoulder function: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 15 randomized controlled trials

The objective of this meta-analysis was to review the evidence for the effect of FES on shoulder subluxation, pain, upper arm motor function, daily function and quality of life in stroke patients, when added to conventional therapy.
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionIt is envisaged that the current review will add value to more scientific research on M. flabellifolius and enhance/promote the increased interest in the sustainable commercialization of M. flabellifolius herbal tea as well as lead to the validation of unverified ethnobotanical claims.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In recent years, mediation analysis has become a popular means to identify and quantify pathways linking an exposure to an outcome, thereby elucidating how a particular exposure contributes to the occurrence of a specific outcome. When a mediator is a modifiable risk factor, this opens up new opportunities for interventions to block (part) of the exposure`s effect on the outcome. Recent examples in Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment Health have addressed the mediating effect of wellbeing on the association between type of office and job satisfaction (1) and examined whether workplace social capital contributes to the...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
An elderly woman with h/o stroke and aphasia seemed different to her daughter, and was pointing all over her body as if in pain.They called 911.She had a history of PCI to the circumflex and also of severe mitral regurgitation, status post bioprosthetic valve replacement.  Also a h/o LV aneurysm with thrombus, on anticoagulation, as well as a dual chamber pacemaker. On arrival, the BP was 60/30.Here is the initial ECG:There is atrial pacing and Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB)There is STE in I and aVL, V5, V6, with reciprocal STD in II, III, aVFThere is appropriately discordant ST depression in V1-V3 (appropriate...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
(University of Western Ontario) The study demonstrated for the first time that in people with no underlying heart disease, after a stroke they were more than 20 times more likely than those who didn't have a stroke (23-fold in women and 25-fold in men) to have a first-in-life major adverse cardiovascular event. These events include things like heart attack, chest pain, cardiac failure or cardiac death.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Abstract Although the prevalence of muscle weakness in the general population is uncertain, it occurs in about 5% of U.S. adults 60 years and older. Determining the cause of muscle weakness can be challenging. True muscle weakness must first be differentiated from subjective fatigue or pain-related motor impairment with normal motor strength. Muscle weakness should then be graded objectively using a formal tool such as the Medical Research Council Manual Muscle Testing scale. The differential diagnosis of true muscle weakness is extensive, including neurologic, rheumatologic, endocrine, genetic, medication- or tox...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Photo credit Jeremy Wong Dear Carol: My dad, who had been Mom’s caregiver for years, died suddenly from a stroke. I can’t say that I’m surprised because he was under enormous stress trying to cope with first Mom’s illness from cancer treatments, and more recently her early-stage Alzheimer’s diagnosis. Needless to say, we’re all heartbroken over Dad’s sudden death as well as up in the air about how to handle Mom. She seems to be in total denial, though some of her repeated questions may be due to occasional short-term memory loss. How do we help her with this shock and grief? &mdash...
Source: Minding Our Elders - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: blogs
Pain is a common and burdensome complication in patients with acute stroke. We assessed the impact of impaired communication in stroke patients on pain assessment and treatment.
Source: BMC Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Semin Neurol DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3402737Isolated dizziness and vertigo due to vascular mechanisms are frequently misdiagnosed as peripheral vestibulopathy or vestibular migraine. For diagnosis of strokes presenting with an acute prolonged (≥ 24 hours) vestibular syndrome, findings on clinical examination, such as HINTS (negative head impulse tests, detection of direction-changing gaze-evoked nystagmus, and presence of skew deviation), are more sensitive than findings on neuroimaging. Since HINTS alone cannot securely detect anterior inferior cerebellar artery strokes, additional attention should be paid to the pa...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Herein, we described 2 patients with posterior spinal artery syndrome (PSAS) caused by vertebral artery dissection. The patients complained of sudden neck pain or walking instability. Neurological examination revealed sensory loss, muscle weakness, and sensory ataxia. Angiography showed double lumen sign or intimal flap in the vertebral artery. T2-weighted imaging and diffusion-weighted imaging of MRI showed a hyperintense lesion in the dorsal side of the cervical spinal cord at different times after onset.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis retrospective case series provides level IV evidence supporting the use of axillary PNS therapy for the management of chronic shoulder pain. Additional, higher ‐level studies are required to further support its use.
Source: Neuromodulation: Technology at the Neural Interface - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Case Series Source Type: research
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