Could a pill help people with autism chat more easily?

Researchers at the University of Missouri-Columbia gave 20 volunteers either a dose of propranolol or a placebo pill. They believe it could be an effective treatment for people with autism.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Related Links:

“Live in ‘parment.'” Back when Nat was transitioning out of school, at the beginning of his adulthood, we were able to learn from him that he wanted to liven in an apartment. For a year leading up to his turning 22, I searched for apartments that he could share with a roommate or two, and a live-in caregiver. I took him along. I don’t know which of us was more excited. I figured we’d fund it through Social Security and Adult Foster Care (a live-in caregiver who’d get a small tax-free stipend). Nat loved the city life he’d always lived, and so we wanted to duplicate this as closely ...
Source: Susan's Blog - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: blogs
A study of more than 1.5 million children suggests those who had been exposed to maternal infection in utero are at significantly greater risk of developing autism or depression during their lifetime.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Juan Zhang, Yaxuan Meng, Chenggang Wu, Yu-Tao Xiang, Zhen YuanAbstractThe present study compared how Cantonese-speaking children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and their typically developing counterparts perceived speech pitch and non-speech pitch information using ERP measurement. Sixteen children with ASD (mean age = 10.42 years, SD = 2.12 years) and sixteen normal controls (mean age = 9.48 years, SD =.86 years) participated in two experiments, in which Cantonese lexical tone contrasts and non-speech pi...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Malegiannaki AC, Katsarou D, Liolios A, Zisi V Abstract Individuals with Down Syndrome (DS) are commonly characterized by unique neurocognitive and neurobehavioural profiles that emerge within specific stages in the developmental continuum. A plethora of studies have confirmed DS's relationship to premature aging and subsequent cognitive decline. Due to having three copies of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene which results in amyloid-beta plaque deposition, the cognitive decline often resembles the decline observed in Alzheimer's disease. More specifically, as individuals with DS mature in age (>...
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Depression, dysthymia and symptoms of anxiety and post-traumatic stress are associated with extremist sympathies.Declaration of interestK.B. is editor-in-chief of British Journal of Psychiatry but played no part in review and decision processes. PMID: 30873926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsResults provide preliminary evidence that anxiety symptoms relate to quality of life in adults with ASD independently of core ASD symptomatology. Future research should further characterize anxiety symptoms among adults with ASD, as well as evaluate the impact of anxiety symptoms on quality of life and overall outcome through the use of prospective longitudinal studies.
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion and implicationsThe findings indicate that teachers from mainstream schools potentially hold less helpful beliefs in response to RRBs and therefore are a professional group who may benefit the most from additional support and training. Further research could consider conducting a qualitative exploration of why teachers hold certain beliefs about RRBs and/or sampling those who are less experienced in working with children with ASD.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Authors: Dvornek NC, Yang D, Ventola P, Duncan JS Abstract Deep learning has become the new state-of-the-art for many problems in image analysis. However, large datasets are often required for such deep networks to learn effectively. This poses a difficult challenge for many medical image analysis problems in which only a small number of subjects are available, e.g., patients undergoing a new treatment. In this work, we propose a number of approaches for learning generalizable recurrent neural networks from smaller task-fMRI datasets: 1) a resampling method for ROI-based fMRI analysis to create augmented data; 2) i...
Source: MICCAI International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - Category: Radiology Tags: Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Barón-Mendoza Isabel, Del Moral-Sánchez Ireri, Martínez-Marcial Mónica, García Octavio, Garzón-Cortés Daniel, González-Arenas AlieshaAbstractAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been associated to atypical neuronal connectivity in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and the hippocampus, in part, due to an alteration in neuroplasticity processes such as dendritic remodeling. Moreover, it has been proposed that abnormal cytoskeletal dynamics might be underlying the disrupted formation and morph...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Sally Ozonoff, Ana-Maria IosifAbstractUntil the last decade, studies of the timing of early symptom emergence in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relied upon retrospective methods. Recent investigations, however, are raising significant questions about the accuracy and validity of such data. Questions about when and how behavioral signs of autism emerge may be better answered through prospective studies, in which infants are enrolled near birth and followed longitudinally until the age at which ASD can be confidently dia...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
More News: Autism | Health | Inderal