Post-traumatic cyst-like lesion in children: case report and the literature review
Reports of post-traumatic cyst-like lesions in children are rare. These lesions occur between 1.5 and 3 months after a fracture. They are more frequent after a distal radius greenstick fracture. Conventional radiographs show a metaphyseal radiolucent lesion inside the most recent subperiosteal bone, adjacent to the initial fracture line. Post-traumatic cyst-like lesions are benign, asymptomatic, nonexpansive, and regress spontaneously. Two typical cases are described in the following report with a literature review of the etiology and main features of these lesions. Level of evidence: Level V, case report.
Conclusions: In addition to an increase in total orbital volume, orbital fat loss occurs with late post-traumatic enophthalmos due to unrepaired fractures. This suggests correction of bony change alone may be insufficient in some cases, and the use of custom implants may compensate for fat atrophy. PMID: 31726012 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: The results of minimally invasive thoracoscopic PTKC using an expandable cage were satisfactory. The majority of the patients were satisfied after treatment and no neurological complications occurred. Functional and QOL scores were fairly good. Whereas some postoperative kyphosis correction was lost over time, bony fusion was achieved in the majority of the patients. The thoracoscopic approach minimizes surgical morbidity, does not lead to serious complications, and provides a good option for PTKC. PMID: 31679324 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionStemless shoulder implants can provide significant improvement in functional scores in RA patients in the short term. However, early bone loss around the humeral implant is a concern and the authors recommend long-term clinical and radiological follow-up.
We present the case of a 31-year-old male with debilitating post-traumatic arthritis of the ankle secondary to osteonecrosis of the tibial plafond. He was treated with a custom-cut tibial osteochondral allograft transplantation. At 1-year follow-up, radiographs confirmed incorporation of the graft. He had demonstrated significant improvement in terms of both subjective pain and functionality of the ankle and was ready to return to work. Our observation in this case suggests that osteochondral allograft implantation may be a viable alternative treatment in cases of ankle arthritis in the younger patient.
ConclusionsThe described wrist and beam orientation can aid in achieving an unobstructed view of the STTJ with little technical effort. This can aid in imaging ambulatory patients where symptoms prevent using other imaging techniques as well as patients in the operating room where imaging timing can be critical.
ConclusionAlthough follow-up still be limited, the indication of shoulder hemi arthroplasty was appropriate regarding functional outcome and patient satisfaction. Further clinical and radiological supervision still necessary to detect glenoid erosion.
ConclusionTo conclude, soft tissue injuries were the most common cause of posttraumatic foot deformities compared to bony injuries. Equinus deformity was the commonest deformity. Fifteen patients returned to their preinjury work status.
Publication date: September 2019Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Volume 58, Issue 5Author(s): Leonid N. Solomin, Konstantin A. Ukhanov, Alexander P. Kirienko, John E. HerzenbergABSTRACTCurrently available methods for analysis and planning of post-traumatic or congenital deformity correction of the foot have some limitations. The aim of this retrospective study was to establish reference lines and angles (RLAs), and the resulting ratios, based on reproducible anatomic points on sagittal feet radiographs. The key starting point of our evaluation was the previously undescribed length and position of the talus jo...
AbstractStudy designRetrospective cohort study.ObjectiveTo review/report 5-year follow-up data on patients diagnosed with thoracic and thoracolumbar kyphosis (TK/TLK) treated with posterior-only spinal fusion.Summary of background dataTK/TLK was initially treated with combined anterior/posterior spinal fusion, evolving into widespread treatment with posterior-only spinal fusion.MethodsForty-three patients who underwent a posterior-only spinal fusion for a primary diagnosis of TK/TLK from 1999 to 2009 with > 5-year follow-up were identified. Preoperative/postoperative/final follow-up measurements were rec...
CONCLUSIONS The number of PDFF has been increasing. The main methods of internal osteosynthesis continue to be the angular stable plates and the retrograde femoral nail. Preoperative planning is important to determine the type and dimensions of the existing femoral component and to distinguish whether or not it has come loose. The choice of the implant may depend on the bone mass available for distal fixation. The retrograde femoral nail is usually the most suitable method of treatment for proximal PDFF (Su Type I). The angular stable plates can be used for PDFF originating at the femoral component (Su Type II and Type III...